Moraxella bovis is the cause of Infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis; known colloquially in the United Kingdom as 'New Forest Eye'. As a strict aerobe, M. bovis is confined to the cornea and conjunctiva, resulting in a progressive, non-self-limiting keratitis, ulceration and - ultimately - rupture of the cornea. The disease is relatively common, infecting cattle only. Treatment is via the use of either subconjunctival injection of a Tetracycline, or topical application of Cloxacillin, the former being more effective. The bacterium can be transmitted by flies, so fly control may be necessary on farms throughout the summer. Rupture of the eye is more serious, and requires immediate enucleation, though the procedure itself carries a good prognosis.
^ abcAla'Aldeen, D. A. A. (2007). "Neisseria and moraxella". In Greenwood, David; Slack, Richard; Peitherer, John; & Barer, Mike (Eds.), Medical Microbiology (17th ed.), p. 258. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-443-10209-7.