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|• Official||Gujarati, Hindi|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Morbi or Morvi (Gujarati: મોરબી) is a city and a municipality in Morbi district in the Indian state of Gujarat. It was a Princely State ruled by Jadeja clan of Rajputs until Indian independence in 1947. It is situated on the Kathiawar peninsula. In 1981[update], the city's population was determined to be 73,327. Its chief products are cotton and grain. The town is a railroad junction. The town of Morbi is situated on the river Machhu, 22 miles (35 kilometres) from the sea and 60 kilometres from Rajkot.
The city-state of Morbi and much of the building heritage and town planning is attributed to the administration of Sir Lakhdhiraji Waghji, who ruled from 1922 until 1948. Sir Waghji acted as a ruler, manager, patron and policeman of the state with great authority. Sir Waghji, like other contemporary rulers of Saurashtra, built roads and a railway network (of seventy miles), connecting Wadhwan and Morbi and the two small ports of Navlakhi and Vavania, for exporting the state's production of salt and cloth. The Morbi railway station combines Indian and European architectural elements.
The most important Morbi buildings are Darbargadh, Mani Mandir, Wellingdon Secretariat, Suspension Bridge, Art Deco Palace and Lukhdhirji Engineering College.
Darbargadh, on the banks of the Machhu, is an original residence of Morbi rulers. It can be reached by crossing a gate arcaded facade. It is now a heritage hotel.
Mani Mandir is a temple in the courtyard of Wellingdon Secretariat. The images of Laxmi Narayan, Mahakali, Ramchandraji, Radha-Krishna and Shiva are worshiped in this temple. Mani Mandir is made out of Jaipur stone with carved elements: arches, brackets, jalis, chhatris and shikhara and is an example of the application of the principles of Rajput architecture by master craftsmen at the turn of the century.
The Suspension Bridge was built at the turn of the century. It is 1.25 metres wide and spans 233 metres on the Machchhu River, connecting Darbargadh Palace and Lukhdhirji Engineering College. Recently this bridge has been renovated and opened to tourists.
Green Chowk is a town square approached by a series of three gates. European town planning principles inspired the creation of these gates as landmarks in the town. The Nehru Gate is made out of stone using elements of Rajput architecture with a central clock tower, while another one uses elements of western architecture and is capped by a three-storey cast iron frame structure with a dome.
The Art Deco Palace (1931–1944) is an example of the influence of the last phase of the European art deco movement. It is a low two-storey granite structure with banded horizontal fenestration, curves and bays, resempling the London underground stations of Charles Holden.
Lukhdhirji Engineering College is housed in Nazarbag Palace, a former residence of Morbi rulers.
Morbi has many schools and colleges for commerce, arts, science, home science and different branches of engineering. Mahila college, St.Mary's Higher Secondary School, V. C. high school, Om Shanti school, OMVVIM college, M. P. Sheth girls high school, and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Kanya Vidhyalay etc. are some of the major schools available in Morbi. Sardar Patel Kanya Vidhyalay provides opportunity literacy training for poor village girls.
Lukhdhirji Engineering College (L.E. College) is one of the oldest colleges in Gujarat, hosts over 3,000 engineering students and is a major source of local income. Maharaja Mahendrasinhji College and Smt.G.J.Sheth College are part of Saurashtra University.
- V C Technical High School
- Shree Rasiklal Sheth boys high school
- Sardar Patel Kanya Vidyalaya
- Sardar Patel College for Arts, Commerce and Science
- OMVVIM College of IT & Management
- L.E. college for Engineering
- St.Mary's Higher Secondary School
- M.P. Sheth Girls School
- Shree Sarashwati Shishu Mandir
- Shree U N Mehta Arts College
- G.J. Sheth Commerce College
- Doshi High School
- Smt. R. O. Patel Women's College (Arts, B.C.A. & M. C. A.)
Morbi produces 80% of the country's gross ceramic production and around 80% of compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) production.
There are around 600 ceramic manufacturing units with production worth 40,000 million rupees (4,000 crore) annually.The main products are ceramic tile, vitrified tiles, floor tiles, glazed wall tiles, luster wall tiles, sanitary wares, porcelain tiles, spartek tiles, glaze tile, roofing tiles and mosaic tiles. Morbi's ceramic factories belong to small and medium scale units which together comprise the largest ceramic production in India..
A major industry of Morbi is clock manufacturing. Sonam Quartz, Ajanta Clocks and Samay Clocks are the world's largest clock manufacturers and lead the clock manufacturing industry. The majority of these companies' workforce are females from neighbouring villages. Clocks are manufactured and exported nationally and internationally, with major international shipments to Middle-East, and East Asia.
A paper mill produces a wide range of paper product and some paper crafts are operating in the city.
Morbi can be reached by road from Ahmedabad in approximately 4.5 hours via
- 8A National Highway - via Limbadi, Chotila, approximately 232 km
- SH 7 Highway - via Viramgam, Dhrangadhra, approximately 200 km
Buses are run by the Gujarat State Road Transport Corporation and private travel companies.
The nearest railway station is in Wankaner taluka (MORBI) from which one can get trains to many major cities of Gujarat and other states. To reach Morbi by air, the nearest airports are about 67 km away in Rajkot and 247 km away in Ahmedabad. Indian Airlines runs regular flights from Mumbai to Rajkot and Mumbai to Ahmedabad.