Moree, New South Wales

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Moree
New South Wales
Moree (1).JPG
Main street, Moree
Moree is located in New South Wales
Moree
Moree
Coordinates 29°27′57″S 149°50′02″E / 29.46583°S 149.83389°E / -29.46583; 149.83389Coordinates: 29°27′57″S 149°50′02″E / 29.46583°S 149.83389°E / -29.46583; 149.83389
Population 10,500 (2011 census)[1]
Established 1862
Postcode(s) 2400
Elevation 212 m (696 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Moree Plains Shire
County Courallie
State electorate(s) Barwon
Federal Division(s) Parkes
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
26.6 °C
80 °F
12.2 °C
54 °F
617.6 mm
24.3 in

Moree /ˈmɔːr/ is a large town in Moree Plains Shire in northern New South Wales, Australia. It is located on the banks of the Mehi River in the centre of the rich black-soil plains.

Moree is a major agricultural centre, noted for its part in the Australian cotton growing industry which was established there in the early 1960s. The town is located at the junction of the Newell Highway and Gwydir Highway and can be reached by daily train and air services from Sydney. It is situated in the Shire of Moree Plains. Like many towns and cities in Australia, Moree shares its name with a much smaller community in Northern Ireland in County Tyrone.[2] At the 2011 census, Moree had a population of 9,346[1][3] which was an increase from 9,247 in 2006.[4]

Moree is home to artesian hot spring baths which are famous for their reputed healing qualities.[5]

History[edit]

The Kamilaroi people, whose descendants are still in the town, were the early inhabitants of the area.[6] Major Sir Thomas Mitchell went to the district at the request of the acting governor after the recapture of escaped convict George Clarke who told of a great river called the Kindur in 1832. Clarke had been living in the area to the south with the Kamilaroi from 1826-1831. Squatters soon followed in Mitchell's wake establishing pastoral runs, among which was 'Moree' (1844), from a Kamilaroi term believed to mean either 'long waterhole' or 'rising sun'.

In 1851 James and Mary Brand arrived and built a general store on the banks of the river in 1852. A post office was added the following year. The family sold up and moved to the Hunter Region in 1857 but James died in 1858 leaving Mary with six children so she returned opened another business and in 1861 she opened the town's first inn.[5]

Moree was gazetted as a town in 1862 with land sales proceeding that year. A court of petty sessions was established in 1863 and there was a severe flood in 1864. The first constable arrived and a police station was set up in 1865. The first church (Wesleyan) was built in 1867 when the town had a population of 43.[5]

As closer settlement proceeded agriculture emerged as a thriving industry on the fertile flood plains. Banking began in 1876 and the first local newspaper was set up in 1881, at which time the population was 295.

The town became a municipality in 1890. During 1894 construction of the heritage listed Federation-style lands office commenced and ended that years with the completion of the ground floor. The second storey was added in 1903. In 1895 the Great Artesian Basin which sits under Moree was tapped and yields over thirteen megalitres of water every day. The bore was sunk to 3,000 ft (910 m) deep in order to provide water for agricultural pursuits but was proved unsuitable for this purpose. The railway line and service from Sydney arrived in 1897.[5]

Wheat cultivation increased after World War II with a flour mill built at Moree in 1951 and the first commercial pecan nut farm was established on the Gwydir Highway east of Moree in 1966. The Trawalla Pecan Nut Farm is the largest pecan nut farm in the southern hemisphere, growing about 75,000 trees. In 1994 the Gwydir Olive Grove Company was established when two Moree families started producing olive oil from olives grown in the area.[7]

Moree was one of the destinations of the famous 1965 Freedom Bus ride, an historic trip through northern NSW led by the late Charles Perkins to bring media attention to discrimination against Indigenous Australians. It brought racial segregation in rural Australia to the attention of urban Australians, in particular at the Moree public swimming pool as well as pubs and theatres, where Aborigines were refused entry. At the Moree swimming pool, after a confrontation with the council and pool management, it was agreed that Indigenous children could swim in the pool outside school hours.[8][9][10][11]

In 2007 the Moree Plains Council announced plans for a $14m upgrade to the hot thermal baths.[7]

Floods have affected parts of Moree in 1955, 1971, 1976, 2011 and 2012[12][13] although much of the populated areas were and remain flood free.

Moree Lands Office, Frome Street

Heritage listed sites[edit]

  • CBC Bank (former)
  • Mellor House
  • Moree Club
  • Moree Courthouse
  • Moree Lands Office
  • Moree Spa Baths
  • Victoria Hotel Moree

Climate and weather[edit]

Climate data for Moree Aero
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 47.3
(117.1)
43.0
(109.4)
40.4
(104.7)
34.0
(93.2)
30.6
(87.1)
27.1
(80.8)
24.4
(75.9)
36.1
(97)
37.8
(100)
39.8
(103.6)
42.6
(108.7)
43.6
(110.5)
47.3
(117.1)
Average high °C (°F) 33.7
(92.7)
32.6
(90.7)
30.8
(87.4)
27.2
(81)
22.4
(72.3)
18.9
(66)
17.9
(64.2)
20.4
(68.7)
24.4
(75.9)
27.7
(81.9)
30.3
(86.5)
32.3
(90.1)
26.6
(79.9)
Average low °C (°F) 19.9
(67.8)
19.5
(67.1)
16.8
(62.2)
12.5
(54.5)
7.9
(46.2)
5.7
(42.3)
4.3
(39.7)
5.2
(41.4)
8.9
(48)
12.5
(54.5)
16.3
(61.3)
18.2
(64.8)
12.3
(54.1)
Record low °C (°F) 10.8
(51.4)
9.9
(49.8)
5.9
(42.6)
1.2
(34.2)
−1.8
(28.8)
−3.4
(25.9)
−4.3
(24.3)
−3.8
(25.2)
−1.9
(28.6)
2.6
(36.7)
5.0
(41)
7.7
(45.9)
−4.3
(24.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 85.9
(3.382)
77.2
(3.039)
50.2
(1.976)
22.1
(0.87)
28.8
(1.134)
41.4
(1.63)
40.8
(1.606)
25.4
(1)
33.5
(1.319)
47.0
(1.85)
80.2
(3.157)
71.7
(2.823)
605.3
(23.831)
Avg. precipitation days 6.9 7.1 6.0 4.3 5.0 6.3 6.2 4.7 5.2 6.8 8.5 8.8 75.8
Source: Bureau of Meteorology [14]

Significant weather events[edit]

Flooding[edit]

In January 1910 floods in the Moree district caused numerous washouts of the railway to Moree. An unknown number of livestock were drowned, and at least 4 people drowned in the Moree area.[15][16]

In January 1946 a flood cut the township in two, and several hundred homes were flooded.[17] The flood waters affected the local power station which caused a blackout. The floods also damaged roads and railway lines in the region.[17] The Gwydir River bridge at Moree was also damaged.[18]

In February 1955 the highest recorded major flood affected Moree, with a record flood peak of 10.85 metres. Most of the central business district of the town and 800 homes were flooded.[12]

In February 1971 a major flood affected the town, with a flood peak of 10.35 m. Four hundred people were evacuated and the township was isolated for two weeks.[12]

In February 1976, another major flood hit Moree, with a flood peak of 10.60 metres. Nearly three quarters of the buildings in north Moree either had floodwater surrounding them or water in them, which included the central business district.[12]

In February 2001,another major flood peak was recorded in Moree. There were a few houses with over floor flooding. Before the flood, nearly 250 mm fell at Moree airport within 48 hours.[19]

In November 2011, major flooding flooded parts of Moree, with a peak of 10.21 metres. People were urged to evacuate from parts of north Moree and houses were flooded. Nearly 225 mm of rain was recorded over 72 hours with 112 mm falling in the final 24 hours of rainfall.[20] Moree and numerous other shires were declared natural disaster zones.[21]

In February 2012, major flooding again occurred in Moree. Peaking just 10 centimetres above the February 1976 floods at 10.69 metres, the floods inundated hundreds of houses in and around Moree. the floods were the second highest ever recorded in Moree. Nearly the whole of north Moree had water in the streets with just a few still out. The whole of north Moree was told to evacuate the day before the flood peak including the nearby villages of Yarraman, Gwydirfield, Bendygleet, Pallamallawa and Biniguy.[22][23] Some of the lower parts of south Moree became inundated with flooding. All of north Moree were urged to evacuate as it was expected then to be the worst flooding in 35 years. Fortunately, there were no fatalities recorded.[13][24] Nearly 190 mm of rain was recorded in the 72 hours before the flood at the Moree Meteorological Station.[25]

Other significant floods have occurred in 1864,1890, 1921, 1949, 1950, 1956, 1974, 1984, 1998 and 2004.[12][26]

Media[edit]

Moree is served by The Moree Champion newspaper owned by Rural Press which is published on Tuesdays and Thursdays.

Radio stations 2VM and 98.3 NOW FM also broadcast from Moree. The NOW FM transmitter site is located on Mt Dowe, whilst the 2VM transmitter is located 5 kilometres east of Moree on the Gwydir Highway. Both stations are owned by the Broadcast Operations Group and broadcasts weekday breakfast and afternoon programs.

Prime Television's Tamworth station also had a news bureau in Moree, but this was closed down in 2000 due to budget deficiencies.

Transport[edit]

The town is served by the daily NSW TrainLink Xplorer train service to Sydney as well as regular Qantas airline services.[27] The now defunct Brindabella Airlines provided a service to and from Brisbane up until 27 January 2012.

Railway station[edit]

Moree
Moree railway station.jpg
Station statistics
Address Gosport Street, Moree
New South Wales, Australia
Coordinates 29°28′23″S 149°50′53″E / 29.473182°S 149.84813°E / -29.473182; 149.84813
Line(s) Mungindi line
Connections Bus
Distance 665 km (413 mi) from Central
Structure type Ground
Other information
Opened 1897
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Station code MRZ
Owned by RailCorp
Operator NSW TrainLink
Services
Preceding station   NSW Main lines   Following station
towards Mungindi
Mungindi Line
towards Werris Creek
Preceding station   NSW TrainLink   Following station
Terminus NSW TrainLink North Western
towards Sydney
Preceding station   NSW Branch lines   Following station
Terminus Inverell Line
towards Inverell

Moree railway station is situated on the Mungindi, or North West railway line, 665 kilometres (413 mi) from Sydney.[28] The station opened in 1897 and currently marks the northernmost point of passenger services on the line, a single daily Xplorer diesel railcar to and from Sydney.

Notable people[edit]

Emma Moffatt, triathlete, 2 times world champion (2009 and 2010), 3rd at the Beijing Olympic Games 2008.

The youngest child of English author Charles Dickens, Edward Bulwer Lytton Dickens (1852–1902) emigrated to Australia, living in Moree and became MP for Wilcannia. He is buried in Moree cemetery.[29]

Mary Brand (1827–1900) was the first female shopkeeper and first hotelier in Moree.[30] She is commemorated by the town's Mary Brand Park, where a replica of her shop and house were situated until they burnt down in 2012.[31] She is also buried in the Moree Cemetery.[6]

Mary Gaudron was the first female Justice of the High Court of Australia.

Peter Taylor, who retired from the Australian Cricket Team, now lives in Moree.[citation needed]

Country music singer-songwriter John Williamson has strong roots in Moree, his mother and a large part of his extended family still live there.

Australian rugby union player Van Humphries grew up in Moree.

Cameron Hammond is the first aboriginal person from Moree to go to the Commonwealth Games (Delhi 2010), where he boxed in the welterweight division.[32] In March 2012, he qualified for the 2012 Summer Olympics in London.[33]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Moree (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2007-06-30. 
  2. ^ "Moree Temperance". Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  3. ^ http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/census_services/getproduct/census/2011/quickstat/SSC11593?opendocument&navpos=220
  4. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Moree (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  5. ^ a b c d Readers Digest Guide to Australian Places, Reader’s Digest (Australia) Pty. Limited, Surry Hills N.S.W., 1993, ISBN 0-86438-399-1
  6. ^ a b "Moree". Australian Heritage. Retrieved December 7, 2013. 
  7. ^ a b Tourism Moree, Moree,2007/2008
  8. ^ Curthoys, Ann (4 September 2002). "The Freedom Ride – Its Significance Today". Australian National University. Archived from the original on 2007-08-29. Retrieved 2007-09-08. 
  9. ^ "Unknown". The Sydney Morning Herald. 13 February 2005. 
  10. ^ Stone, Gerry (21 February 1965). "Violence explodes in racist rown". The Australian Freedom Rides/Sunday Mirror. Retrieved 2007-09-08. 
  11. ^ http://www.skwirk.com/p-c_s-14_u-117_t-319_c-1079/charles-perkins-freedom-rides/nsw/charles-perkins-freedom-rides/power-people-and-politics-in-the-post-war-period/people-and-power
  12. ^ a b c d e "What happens in Moree town floods?". State Emergency Services NSW. Retrieved 3 March 2012. 
  13. ^ a b "North NSW facing worst floods in 35 years". The Sydney Morning Herald. 2 February 2012. 
  14. ^ "Climate statistics for Moree Aero". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 24 June 2014. 
  15. ^ "THE FLOODS.". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 21 January 1910. p. 7. Retrieved 29 February 2012. 
  16. ^ "FATALITIES IN MOREE DISTRICT.". Singleton Argus (NSW : 1874 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 18 January 1910. p. 2. Retrieved 1 March 2012. 
  17. ^ a b "TOWNS STILL CUT OFF.". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 24 January 1946. p. 1. Retrieved 4 March 2012. 
  18. ^ "FLOODS NOW RECEDING.". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 25 January 1946. p. 3. Retrieved 4 March 2012. 
  19. ^ http://www.weatherzone.com.au/climate/station.jsp?lt=site&lc=53115
  20. ^ http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/dwo/201111/html/IDCJDW2084.201111.shtml
  21. ^ "More NSW shires declared disaster zones". The Sydney Morning Herald. 28 November 2011. 
  22. ^ http://www.ses.nsw.gov.au/news/evacuation-order_northmoree
  23. ^ http://www.abc.net.au/local/stories/2012/02/02/3421244.htm
  24. ^ http://news.ninemsn.com.au/national/8413110/thousands-evacuated-from-nsw-floods
  25. ^ http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/dwo/201202/html/IDCJDW2084.201202.shtml
  26. ^ http://www.mpsc.nsw.gov.au/index.php?option=com_docman...
  27. ^ "Flights to Moree". Qantas. Retrieved 2007-09-08. 
  28. ^ Moree Railway Station. NSWrail.net. Accessed 1 April 2008.
  29. ^ "Grave Photo Link". National Library of Australia. Retrieved 2007-09-08. 
  30. ^ "Mary Brand Park". Visit NSW. Retrieved December 7, 2013. 
  31. ^ "Iconic Hut Burns Down". Moree Champion. September 20, 2012. Retrieved December 7, 2013. 
  32. ^ "AIS boxing cohort named as Commonwealth Games team members". Australian Sports Commission. 11 August 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2012. 
  33. ^ http://www.moreechampion.com.au/news/local/sport/athletics/hammond-qualifies-for-london-olympics/2502334.aspx