Moreland Hills, Ohio

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Moreland Hills, Ohio
Village
Village of Moreland Hills
Replica of James A. Garfield's birthplace in Moreland Hills
Replica of James A. Garfield's birthplace in Moreland Hills
Location of Moreland Hills in Ohio
Location of Moreland Hills in Ohio
Location of Moreland Hills in Cuyahoga County
Location of Moreland Hills in Cuyahoga County
Coordinates: 41°26′26″N 81°25′31″W / 41.44056°N 81.42528°W / 41.44056; -81.42528Coordinates: 41°26′26″N 81°25′31″W / 41.44056°N 81.42528°W / 41.44056; -81.42528
Country United States
State Ohio
County Cuyahoga
Government
 • Mayor Susan Renda
Area[1]
 • Total 7.23 sq mi (18.73 km2)
 • Land 7.15 sq mi (18.52 km2)
 • Water 0.08 sq mi (0.21 km2)
Elevation[2] 1,040 ft (317 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 3,320
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 3,306
 • Density 464.3/sq mi (179.3/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 44022
Area code(s) 440
FIPS code 39-52052[5]
GNIS feature ID 1043484[2]
Website http://www.morelandhills.com/

Moreland Hills is a village in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States. It is an affluent suburb of Cleveland. The population was 3,320 at the 2010 census.[6]

History[edit]

In 1815, settlement began near the point where State Route 87 crosses the Chagrin River. Orange Township was established in 1820 and became known for its steam sawmills, cheese factories and farms. The village, which in 1831 was still part of Orange Township, was the birthplace of James A. Garfield, the 20th President of the United States. In 1897, the Cleveland-Chagrin Falls Railway spurred residential development in the area as it served as a commuter line to employment opportunities in Cleveland.

In the early 20th century, Orange Township was divided into five municipalities, Moreland Hills, Hunting Valley, Orange Village, Pepper Pike and Woodmere. Moreland Hills was incorporated as a village in 1929, encompassing the southeast quadrant of the original Orange Township. Moreland Hills adopted a village charter in 1972, defining the municipal corporation with a mayor-council form of government.

Moreland Hills is home to state historical landmark Hiram House, the country's second settlement house after Hull House in Chicago. Hiram House moved its operations from Cleveland to its current site at Harvard Road and State Route 91 in the 1940s.

Geography[edit]

Moreland Hills is located at 41°26′26″N 81°25′31″W / 41.44056°N 81.42528°W / 41.44056; -81.42528 (41.440456, -81.425210).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 7.23 square miles (18.73 km2), of which, 7.15 square miles (18.52 km2) is land and 0.08 square miles (0.21 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 114
1940 561 392.1%
1950 1,040 85.4%
1960 2,188 110.4%
1970 2,952 34.9%
1980 3,083 4.4%
1990 3,354 8.8%
2000 3,298 −1.7%
2010 3,320 0.7%
Est. 2012 3,306 −0.4%
Sources:[8][9][10][5][11]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 3,320 people, 1,262 households, and 1,009 families residing in the village. The population density was 464.3 inhabitants per square mile (179.3/km2). There were 1,376 housing units at an average density of 192.4 per square mile (74.3/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 89.6% White, 3.7% African American, 0.1% Native American, 4.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of the population.

There were 1,262 households of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.6% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 20.0% were non-families. 17.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 2.97.

The median age in the village was 49.1 years. 24.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 14.4% were from 25 to 44; 38.8% were from 45 to 64; and 18.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 49.3% male and 50.7% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 3,298 people, 1,286 households, and 1,014 families residing in the village. The population density was 455.0 people per square mile (175.6/km²). There were 1,341 housing units at an average density of 185.0 per square mile (71.4/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 93.00% White, 3.03% African American, 0.03% Native American, 3.24% Asian, 0.09% from other races, and 0.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.67% of the population.

There were 1,286 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.5% were married couples living together, 4.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.1% were non-families. 19.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the village the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 18.3% from 25 to 44, 36.5% from 45 to 64, and 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $113,977, and the median income for a family was $134,621. Males had a median income of $100,000 versus $42,054 for females. The per capita income for the village was $72,001. About 1.3% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.7% of those under age 18 and 3.4% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Moreland Hills is primarily served by the Orange City School System. Small parts of the village are served by the Chagrin Falls Exempted Village School District.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  5. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Moreland Hills village, Ohio". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 23, 2011. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Population: Ohio". 1930 US Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  9. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  10. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 

External links[edit]