Moreton, Merseyside

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Coordinates: 53°24′04″N 3°06′40″W / 53.401°N 3.111°W / 53.401; -3.111

Moreton
Moreton, Merseyside - DSC04433.JPG
Moreton is located in Merseyside
Moreton
Moreton
 Moreton shown within Merseyside
Population 17,670 (2001 Census)[1]
OS grid reference SJ261899
Metropolitan borough Metropolitan Borough of Wirral
Metropolitan county Merseyside
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WIRRAL
Postcode district CH46
Dialling code 0151 67*
Police Merseyside
Fire Merseyside
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Wallasey
List of places
UK
England
Merseyside

Moreton is a town on the north coast of the Wirral Peninsula, England. In the 2001 Census, it had a population of 17,670 (8,370 males, 9,300 females).[1] From 2004, the town was divided between the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral wards of Leasowe & Moreton East and Moreton West & Saughall Massie.

Geography and history[edit]

Prior to the Norman conquest, the Lingham area of Moreton was a possible location for Dingesmere, mentioned with regard to the Battle of Brunanburh, in Egil's Saga.[citation needed] At the time of the Domesday Book, the area formed part of the large township of Eastham. In the twelfth century, it formed part of the estates of Hamo de Mascy. The name Moreton was first recorded in 1278, and derives from Anglo-Saxon words meaning a settlement (tun) beside a marsh (more).[2] The village joined with neighbouring Lingham to form the parish of Moreton-cum-Lingham. The area is located between Great Meols to the west and Bidston and Wallasey to the south and east. Before the sea embankment was constructed, the area included 3000 acres of tidal lagoon, at between one and two metres below sea level, with most of the remainder little more than one metre above.[citation needed]

The coast at Moreton is part of a stretch of sand that runs from Meols to Leasowe known as Mockbeggar Wharf, named after Mockbeggar Hall, otherwise known as Leasowe Castle. 'Mockbeggar Hall' is also the name of Moretons Wetherspoons pub (The name Mockbeggar apparently being an old sailors' term for a lone house). The North Wirral Coastal Park also runs for four miles along this coast, including public open space, common land, natural foreshore and sand-dunes. The park provides for a wide variety of recreational activities; some of the more popular being sailing, sea angling, swimming, cycling, picnicking, walking, jogging, ball games, bird watching and horse riding.

The low-lying land behind the coast is protected by a large concrete embankment. Some of the coastal land is in the Moreton Conservation Area and provides important natural habitat. The embankment gives a good view at low tide to see a variety of wading birds. There are also good views of the Bidston Hill, Caldy Hill, the Welsh Hills, and out over the Irish Sea.

Arrowe Brook merges with the Birket at Moreton. The Birket then continues towards West Float at the site of the former Wallasey Pool.

Community[edit]

Christ Church.

Because of the sandbanks just offshore, Leasowe Lighthouse was built in 1763 and is the oldest brick-built lighthouse in Britain.[3][4] It has been restored and is open to the public at times.

Education[edit]

Moreton Christ Church CofE Primary School, located on Upton Road, is a Church of England school that educates around 375 pupils in ages 4–11. It was opened, as the 'Moreton Church of England School', in 1861 in the centre of Moreton. It was established in its current location in 1974.

Manufacturing[edit]

Moreton is also known for being the home of the Burton's factory, producer of Cadbury's biscuits and now owned by Street Capital. Manor Bakeries, the former Cadbury's cakes department, (now owned by Premier Foods Group) is located in the town at Reeds Lane, near to Leasowe railway station.

Moreton is also home to Typhoo Tea, with the factory which manufactures Typhoo, being located next to the Burton's factory.

Until the 1990s, Bristol-Myers Squibb was also a major employer to the local workforce, with a large factory located on the opposite side of Reeds Lane to Burton's, next to Leasowe Station. However, in the mid-90s, manufacturing was moved out of Moreton which led to the closure of the factory. At the same time, there was actually heavy investment into modern drug development and research labs on the site, which are still operated by Bristol-Myers Squibb, with further investment in the past 5 years.

Dantec is the UK's biggest manufacturer of composite hoses, which are used in the transfer of petrochemicals. The company was established in 1969,[5] and the business is situated on Tarran Way.[6]

Della Robbia Pottery used local red clay from Moreton. Barker and Briscoe Brickworks[7] was situated on Carr Lane, 1 mile (1.6 km) west of the centre of the village.

Transport[edit]

Boat[edit]

Moreton witnessed the world's first commercial passenger and mail hovercraft service. A Vickers-Armstrong VA-3 hovercraft was operated by British United Airways and ran from Leasowe embankment to Rhyl in North Wales. The service commenced on 20 July 1962. However, due to varying reasons including bad weather and technical difficulties the service was cancelled after its final journey on 14 September 1962.

Rail[edit]

There are two stations serving Moreton, these are Moreton and Leasowe. Both stations are on the West Kirby branch of the Wirral Line and see direct services operated by Merseyrail to West Kirby and Liverpool Central via Birkenhead. Both Leasowe and Moreton offer park and ride facilities.

Notable People[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wirral 2001 Census: Moreton, Metropolitan Borough of Wirral, retrieved 14 January 2008 
  2. ^ Merseyside Historic Characterisation Project, Museum of Liverpool, Wirral Historic Settlement Study, December 2011, p.59. Accessed 4 July 2012
  3. ^ Leasowe Lighthouse, visitwirral.com, retrieved 14 January 2008 
  4. ^ Leasowe Lighthouse: A Wirral Highlight, Friends of Leasowe Lighthouse, retrieved 14 January 2008 
  5. ^ Dantec: Company History Accessed 2014-01-31
  6. ^ Dantec: Location Accessed 2014-01-31
  7. ^ 28 Days Later Accessed 2014-01-31

External links[edit]