Some features in north of the bay
|Location||South East Queensland|
|River sources||Logan River, Brisbane River, Albert River, Pine River, Pimpama River, Caboolture River|
|Ocean/sea sources||Coral Sea|
|Max. length||125 km|
|Max. width||35 km|
|Surface area||1,523 km²|
|Average depth||6.8 m|
|Islands||Moreton Island, North Stradbroke Island, Bribie Island|
Moreton Bay is a bay on the eastern coast of Australia 14 km from central Brisbane, Queensland. It is one of Queensland's most important coastal resources. The waters of Moreton Bay are a popular destination for recreational anglers and are used by commercial operators who provide seafood to market.
The Port of Brisbane coordinates large traffic along the shipping channel which crosses the northern section of the bay. The bay serves as a safe approach to the airport and reduces noise pollution over the city to the west of the runway. A number of barge, ferry and water-taxi services also travel over the bay.
Moreton Bay was the site of conflict between indigenous Australians and early European settlers. It contains environmentally significant habitats and large areas of sandbanks. The bay is the only place in Australia where dugong gather into herds. Many parts of the mainland foreshore and southern islands are settled.
Moreton Bay is described as lagoonal because of the existence of a series of off-shore barrier islands that restrict the flow of oceanic water. The tidal range is moderate at 1.5–2 m in range. Moreton Bay has an average depth of 6.8 m. This shallow depth lets light filter through to the seafloor, allowing an array of marine plants to grow which support a diverse range of fauna. The bay itself covers 1,523 km² and has a catchment area 14 times larger, covering 21,220 km². The waters of the bay are mostly blue in colour. Western parts of the bay are sometimes tinted green from algae, brown from suspended sediments or yellow-brown from humic runoff.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography and natural history
- 3 Environment
- 4 Recreation
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Moreton Bay was formed roughly 6000 years ago as the sea level rose and inundated what was then the floodplains of the Brisbane River. Moreton Bay (Aboriginal name – Quandamooka) and its islands were inhabited by Aboriginal tribes.
European exploration and settlement
The name Morton's Bay was given by Captain Cook when he passed the area on 15 May 1770, honouring Lord Morton, president of the Royal Society. The spelling Moreton was an error in the first published account of Cook's voyage (Hawkesworth's Voyages). Cook gave the name only to the bight formed by the northern end of Stradbroke Island (in 1770, there was only one island) and the eastern side of Moreton Island. He was unaware of the South Passage (as it's now called) between the two islands, and did not sail into what is the present Moreton Bay.
Matthew Flinders was the first recorded European to enter the Bay in 1799 touching down at the Pumicestone Passage, Redcliffe and Coochiemudlo Island. He was followed by John Oxley who explored the Brisbane River in 1823. On a subsequent visit in the following year, Oxley established the first European settlement in the Bay at the present site of Redcliffe.
After Oxley in 1823 came convicts and soldiers. As the South Passage between Moreton and Stradbroke Islands was the shortest shipping route, a depot and pilot station were established at Amity Point in 1825.
European settlement began in earnest after the abandonment of the Redcliffe settlement, and work began on the new convict settlement several miles up the Brisbane River in 1825. Within a couple years this new settlement was growing rapidly and the number of ships entering the bay was increasing. As a result, the facilities required to service the pilot station at Amity grew, and in 1827 convicts were sent to the island to build a new causeway at Dunwich, remnants of which can still be found on the same site. Within a year the first permanent European settlement at Dunwich had been built. Due to poor weather, smuggling, and conflict with aborigines this convict out-station was difficult to sustain and was closed in 1831.
The first immigrant ship from England, the Artemisia, reached Moreton Bay in December 1848 after a four-month journey. The next year saw the arrival of the Fortitude carrying more free immigrants to the settlement.
By the 1850s the regions earliest industry was utilising the bay for the transport of timber. After felling the logs were dragged or rolled into flooded streams from where they were washed downstream to tidal reaches and bound together into rafts. After the floods had ceased and tides returned to normal, the currents of the bay and sometimes boats were used to direct the timber north to the Brisbane River or to Dunwich for shipment to Sydney.
The bay was home to the Lightship Rose which provided a permanent navigation aid to passing ships at the mouth of the Brisbane River. The John Oxley was another notable boat which temporarily acted as a pilot ship.
Car ferries began crossing the bay to reach North Stradbroke Island in 1947, leading to an increase in tourism on the island. In the 1950s both sand mining and the first land sales at Point Lookout occurred.
Moreton Bay has at least 102 shipwrecks of which 26 have their exact location known.
European contact with Aborigines
At first the Quandamooka tribes had a choice of avoiding contact or engaging with the Europeans at the various small government institutions that were established on the mainland and on Minjerribah (Stradbroke Island). Aboriginal labour and resources were however, voluntarily supplied to assist these newcomers, for example, at the pilot station.
Problems came about when the newcomers displayed a lack of respect for Aboriginal marriage rules, stole bones and other artefacts and desecrated sites important to the Aboriginals. This produced a period of conflict through the 1830s, sometimes followed up by reprisals with guns, during which a number of Aboriginal people were massacred.
Like the mainland tribes, the Nooghie, Noonuccal and Goenpul people struggled when Moreton Bay was opened up to free settlers. The mainland Aboriginal people in particular were progressively deprived of the traditional hunting grounds and food. When they turned to killing domestic stock to survive, they were rounded up and shot. As their tribal groups and way of life disintegrated, many drifted towards towns and cities. Because of their isolation, the people of the islands however, managed to keep a lot of their traditional ways alive.
In 1843, Catholic Missionaries chose Dunwich as the site for the first Catholic Mission to Australian Aborigines. The sand islands of Quandamooka did not support pasturage suitable for sheep and cattle, and thus there did not occur conversion of large tracts of land into farms and pastoral properties and the subsequent widespread annihilation and displacement of Aboriginal people. The very existence of the quarantine station on Stradbroke Island from 1850 to the 1870s led to the official discouragement of pastoralism or wider settlement for fear of spreading disease. Another reason for discouraging settlement was to reduce the likelihood of incoming vessels to the bay evading customs duty.
Thus the European usage and occupation of Quandamooka in the 19th century was largely restricted to government institutions on small portions on the islands, and with free enterprise business men like the Campbell brothers who ran a saltworks and sugar plantations on Russell and Macleay islands, and the early fishing and oystering businesses in the bay who employed the Aboriginal people of Quandamooka.
Aboriginal peoples were a source of labour for various institutions and enterprises from the time of the first pilot station. Conflict with Europeans intensified during the middle part of the 19th century, leading to significant numbers of Aboriginal people being killed (including at the hands of the native police). Despite these conflicts other Aboriginal people were able to evade intense contact due to the lack of European activity on the bay islands. From the 1830s to 1865 there remained virtual exclusive Aboriginal possession of most of Quandamooka. However trade and social interaction with the mainland groups gradually diminished due to the outward march of pastoral settlement on the mainland. This resulted in irreparable damage to indigenous social networks and patterns of group intermarriage, as well as joint ceremonial activities.
Geography and natural history
The bay extends some 125 km from Caloundra in the north almost to Surfers Paradise in the south. The bay's southern navigation entrance is the Gold Coast Seaway. The bay is 35 km across at its widest point.
It is separated from the Coral Sea by a chain of three sand islands – Moreton Island in the north, North Stradbroke Island, and South Stradbroke Island in the south. Tipplers Passage is the main channel on the western coast of South Stradbroke Island. The Gold Coast Seaway is at the southern extent of Moreton Bay, before the Gold Coast Broadwater.
The bay itself contains around 360 islands in total. This includes the populated Russell, Macleay, Lamb and Karragarra Islands collectively known as the Southern Moreton Bay Islands. Residential development has also occurred on Coochiemudlo Island and Bribie Island. In the past Peel Island has been used as a sisal plantation, quarantine station, asylum and a leper colony.
Moreton Bay is generally shallow and sandy, though a substantive channel is maintained to allow access to the Port of Brisbane at Fisherman Islands at the mouth of the Brisbane River, for international shipping. As well as the Brisbane River, the Pimpama River, Logan River, Albert River, Pine River, Tingalpa Creek and the Schulz Canal all empty into Moreton Bay. Within Moreton Bay are the smaller bays of Waterloo Bay, Redland Bay, Raby Bay, Deception Bay and Bramble Bay.
The bay contains a number of island villages such as the settlement on the bayside of Moreton Island, Tangalooma and on North Stradbroke, Dunwich and Amity Point. Prominent coastal communities and mainland suburbs situated on the bay include Deception Bay, Scarborough, Redcliffe, Margate, Woody Point, Brighton, Sandgate, Cleveland, Raby Bay and Victoria Point and Redland Bay. Other attractions in the bay include Pumicestone Passage and numerous boat ramps, marinas and jetties, including the Shorncliffe pier.
Moreton Bay is filled with sandbanks. Between Tangalooma and Skirmish Point on Bribie Island are the Middle Banks, Central Banks and Western Banks. From north of Moreton Island towards Caloundra are the Yulle Road, Spitfire Bank, and the Salamander Bank, amongst others.
Amity Banks are found just west of Amity Point, while the Moreton Banks lie to the west of the southern tip of Moreton Island. These banks can be hazard for marine navigation because they are constantly changing due to tidal currents.
The Middle Banks area close to Moreton Island has been used in the past as a source of sand for large projects such as the nearby Brisbane Airport and port facilities. Past dredging has removed 18 Mn3 and the removal of another 40 Mn3 is planned. Future sand extraction is expected to aid a major shipping channel straightening project.
To ensure the shipping channel remains open, several areas of the bay have been allocated for dredged material dumping sites. These sites have been selected to provide beach nourishment, aiding the natural long shore transport of sand along ocean beaches.
Flora and fauna
The bay's heritage protected wetlands, mudflats, and waterways are some of the healthiest in the region, supporting seasonally up to 25% of Australia's bird species. The combination of muddy habitats on the western side of the bay and sandy habitats on the eastern side of the bay together with coral and seagrass beds support more than 43 species of shorebird. Collectively, around 50,000 wading birds visit the Moreton Bay each year, and its wetlands are classified by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area (IBA). In its Shorebird Management Strategy, the Queensland Government notes that: "Moreton Bay's extensive intertidal areas are essential for shorebirds as they provide roosting, feeding and, in some cases, breeding habitat."
The bay is ranked among the top ten dugong habitats in Australia and together with the Gulf of Carpentaria and Torres Strait is considered one of the most important areas for dugong in Queensland. Moreton Bay is the only place in Australia where dugongs gather in herds. In the past the dugongs in herds numbered in the thousands. Some herds 5 km long by 250 m wide, were seen during the 1800s. In 2009, there was just between 600 and 800 remaining.
The Moreton Bay bug (Thenus orientalis) is a species of slipper lobster found throughout the waters of Australia's north coast. The Bug is a relatively expensive delicacy served in many restaurants in Queensland.
The Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) is a large tree endemic to the east coast of Australia within a range centred on the shores and surrounds of Moreton Bay.
The southern and western parts of the bay contain shallow mud-layered waters that are protected from strong wave action by the barrier islands. This has provided excellent habitat for mangroves of which seven different species thrive within the bay.
About 1% of the bay is coral reef. Land clearing and settlement in the catchment has led to unfavourable conditions for coral growth. Climate change is expected to raise sea levels and produce warmer waters that will aid coral growth in the bay.
An oil spill occurred in March 2009 from the MV Pacific Adventurer dumping 100 tonnes of oil, 30 tonnes of fuel and other toxic chemicals on Brisbane's suburban beaches. Premier Anna Bligh described the spill as "worst environmental disaster Queensland has ever seen".
Fresh concerns over the health of the bay and its water quality were raised in October 2009 after whales and a large number of the endangered Loggerhead Sea Turtle were found to be dying in the bay. In the same month a report was released indicating the overall quality of the bay's water had declined significantly, despite hundreds of millions of dollars spent on better sewage treatment and implementing run-off controls. Ten out of eighteen estuaries that were monitored had a decline in quality. Blame was placed on heavy rains that washed sediment and nutrients into the bay after a drought.
After the 2011 Brisbane River floods washed contaminated water into the bay commercial fishermen and recreation anglers were warned not catch or eat seafood from its waters. The flood plume was investigated to monitor its impact on the bay's marine ecosystems. It contained sewerage, pesticides, heavy metals such as lead and zinc as well as hydrocarbons.
Through the use of underwater cameras and sensors, the Royal Australian Navy minehunter HMAS Huon was used to locate sunken debris, particularly in shipping channels. The CSIRO used a robotic underwater glider to make sub-surface measurements. Together with satellite images and other data researchers will assess the effects of an extreme flood event on the waters of Moreton Bay. Sediment surveys revealed that most of the bay had cleared and that fishing could resume by 9 February.
On 2 November 2012 the Queensland Government announced that in conjunction with the Gold Coast City Council it would call expressions of interest to develop an international cruise ship terminal and associated development for the Southport Broadwater at the southern end of Moreton Bay. On 13 February 2014 the Government announced that the ASF Consortium's proposal "has demonstrated a cruise ship terminal is a possibility that could be further developed, should the Council and the proponent choose to progress it".
A newspaper report indicates that not all of the Cold Coast City Councillors have been kept fully informed about the project and a majority of them may be opposed to the project going ahead.
On 10 January 2014 the Queensland Government released a proposed development scheme for the Toondah Harbour Priority Development Area in Cleveland which would allow development of a large marina up to 800 berths in southern Moreton Bay between Toondah Harbour, G.J. Walter Park and Cassim Island.
This proposal has been opposed by marine planning experts and various environmentally concerned community groups including the Bay Wilderness Society. On 4 March 2014 a petition with 1,211 signatures calling for the Government's plans to be withdrawn was tabled in the Queensland Parliament.
Federal government protection
In 1993 large areas of Moreton Bay with a total area exceeding 113,000 hectares were recognised as wetlands of international significance under the Ramsar Wetland Convention 1971. Listing as a Ramsar site is justified on many grounds including:
- Moreton Bay supports large numbers of the nationally threatened Green Turtle, Hawksbill Turtle and Loggerhead Turtle.
- The site is ranked among the top ten habitats in Queensland for the Internationally vulnerable Dugong and is a foraging and breeding ground for the Dugong
- The Moreton Bay Ramsar site supports 55 species of algae associated with mangroves, seven species of mangrove and seven species of seagrass
- At least 43 species of shorebirds use intertidal habitats in the Bay, including 30 migratory species listed by international migratory bird conservation agreements
- The Moreton Bay Ramsar site supports more than 50,000 wintering and staging shorebirds during the non-breeding season
- The Moreton Bay Ramsar site regularly supports more than 1% of the population the wintering Eastern Curlews and the Grey-tailed Tattler 
Many of the migratory shorebirds which use the bay as part of the East Asian–Australasian Flyway are protected in accordance with three bilateral agreements:
- Japan-Australia Migratory Bird Agreement (JAMBA)
- China-Australia Migratory Bird Agreement (CAMBA)
- Republic of Korea-Australia Migratory Bird Agreement (ROKAMBA)
Actions that have a significant impact on a Ramsar listed site or on species which are the subject of international bird migratory agreements are "matters of national environmental significance" which are protected by the Federal Government in accordance with provisions of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.
Queensland government protection
Moreton Island is protected as Moreton Island National Park. The bay itself contains St Helena Island National Park and the Moreton Bay Marine Park with areas designated under the Marine Park Zoning Plan. The Marine Park was declared in 1993 and covers 3400 square kilometres. Parts of the bay are also protected under the Southern Moreton Bay Islands National Park.
The bay's marine park zoning plan was renewed in 2008. Despite angst from both commercial and recreational fishers, draft Queensland Government plans indicate further fishing restrictions aiming to protect more than 15% of important marine and coastal environments. Artificial reefs could be placed in Moreton Bay to ease the concerns of fishermen who fear they are being forced out. The State Government will spend $1 million on research, planning and construction of a new concrete reef in the bay.
To make up for the fishing areas lost to the 2009 expansion of the Moreton Bay Marine Park, the Queensland Government agreed to create a total of six artificial reefs for anglers. The reefs are constructed from specially designed balls of concrete which will provide habitat for fish species. According to former Sustainability Minister Andrew McNamara the bay produces a commercial catch valued at A$25 million and that $4 million worth of this figure has become off-limits with the rezoning.
In March 2012 the LNP signalled its intention to allow recreational anglers back into marine park green zones in parts of Moreton Bay. State Member for Cleveland Mark Robinson, then the LNP's fishing spokesman, was quoted as saying: "Any changes we make would be evidence-based,". On 31 January 2014 the Queensland Government announced a proposed change to marine park zoning that would relax fishing restrictions at Scotts Point on the Redcliff Peninsular. This policy change has been criticised by the Australian Marine Conservation Society whose spokesperson Fiona Maxwell said: "We question why Premier Newman is going against the science and the rigorously surveyed opinions of local recreational fishers to adopt a proposal that was being pushed by disgraced former MP Scott Driscoll whilst he was still the member for Redcliffe. There was no scientific process behind this decision".
There are many sailing events held on Moreton Bay including:
- Yacht and dinghy racing organisied by the Royal Queensland Yacht Squadron at Manly
- The Brisbane to Gladstone yacht race, first staged in 1949, which starts from near the Shorncliff Pier every year on Good Friday
- The Interclub Bay Cruise held each year in the first week of the Queensland September school holidays
The bay is home to many other watersports and activities including jet-skiing, windsurfing and water-skiing. Diving and snorkelling are popular around Tangalooma on Moreton Island.
- South East Queensland Regional Strategic Group (2000). Strategic Guide to Natural Resource Management in South East Queensland. p. 56. ISBN 0-7345-1740-8.
- Dennison, William C.; Eva G. Abal (1999). Moreton Bay Study: A Scientific Basis for the Healthy Waterways Campaign. Brisbane: South East Queensland Regional Water Quality Management Strategy Team. pp. 23–25. ISBN 0-9586368-1-8.
- Environmental Protection Agency (Queensland) (2000). Heritage Trails of the Great South East. State of Queensland. p. 4. ISBN 0-7345-1008-X.
- Ray Parkin, H. M. Bark Endeavour, Miegunyah Press, second edition 2003, ISBN 0-522-85093-6, page 226.
- Voyages in the Southern Hemisphere, John Hawkesworth, 1773, volumes II-III, page 513 (online at the National Library of Australia).
- "Redland City Council: North Stradbroke Island". Redland City Council. Retrieved 4 November 2010.
- "Dunwich Cemetery (entry 15548)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 29 August 2009.
- Hogan, Janet (1982). Living History of Brisbane. Spring Hill, Queensland: Boolarong Publications. pp. 24–25. ISBN 0-908175-41-8.
- Roberts, Beryl (1991). Stories of the Southside. Archerfield, Queensland: Aussie Books. p. 75. ISBN 0-947336-01-X.
- "Four dead, 10 injured after boat collision". ABC News Online, 1 September, 2007
- Tony Moore (20 November 2011). "Queensland shipwrecks expose their secrets". Brisbane Times (Fairfax Media). Retrieved 21 November 2011.
- Evans, Raymond (2007). A History of Queensland. Port Melbourne, Victoria: Cambridge University Press. p. 46. ISBN 978-0-521-87692-6.
- "Moreton Bay Marine Park". Moreton Bay Regional Council. Retrieved 29 August 2009.
- New Parallel Runway Draft EIS/MDP Middle Banks, Moreton Bay Chapter 1. p 4. Brisbane Airport Corporation
- South East Queensland Regional Strategy Group. Strategic Guide to Resource Management in South East Queensland. November 2000. p 115.
- "Moreton Bay", Information Sheet on Ramsar Wetland, compiled by Queensland Environmental Protection agency, 1999, Page 11: http://www.environment.gov.au/water/topics/wetlands/database/pubs/41-ris.pdf, Retrieved on 4 March 2014
- "IBA: Moreton Bay & Pumicestone Passage". Birdata. Birds Australia. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
- Shorebird Management Strategy - Moreton Bay, Queensland Government, Page 2: http://www.nprsr.qld.gov.au/parks/moreton-bay/pdf/shorebird-management-strategy.pdf, Retrieved on 26 February 2014
- McBride, Frank; et al (2009). Brisbane 150 Stories. Brisbane City Council Publication. pp. 292–293. ISBN 978-1-876091-60-6.
- "Moreton Bay", Information Sheet on Ramsar Wetland, compiled by Queensland Environmental Protection agency, 1999, Page 11: http://www.environment.gov.au/water/topics/wetlands/database/pubs/41-ris.pdf, Retrieved on 4 March 2014
- Shilton, Peter (2005). Natural Areas of Queensland. Mount Gravatt, Queensland: Goldpress. p. 180. ISBN 0-9758275-0-2.
- Horton, Helen (1983). Islands of Moreton Bay. Spring Hill, Queensland: Boolarong Publications. p. 10. ISBN 0-908175-67-1.
- "Scientists Test Moreton Bay As Coral 'Lifeboat'". TerraDaily. SpaceDaily. 28 July 2010. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
- "Locals urged to avoid bacteria blooms". ABC News Online (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). 28 November 2007. Retrieved 18 August 2010.
- Boat strike impact on turtle and dugong in Moreton Bay, Queensland Government, Environmental Protection Agency Marine Parks
- Pacific Adventurer oil spill a disaster says Anna Bligh
- Greg Stolz (19 October 2009). "Mud Island becomes dumping ground for dead whales". Courier Mail. Queensland Newspapers. Retrieved 26 October 2009.
- Brian Williams (22 October 2009). "Moreton Bay water quality results take plunge". Courier Mail. Queensland Newspapers. Retrieved 26 October 2009.
- "Flooded bay a no-go". Sunshine Coast Daily (APN News & Media). 24 January 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2011.
- Phil Hammond & Andrew MacDonald (27 January 2011). "Toxic soup washed into Bay puts seafood and jobs at risk". Herald Sun (Herald and Weekly Times). Retrieved 28 February 2011.
- "Robotic Glider To Map Moreton Bay Impacts". TerraDaily (SpaceDaily). 25 January 2011. Retrieved 28 February 2011.
- "Fishing resumes in parts of Moreton Bay". Brisbane Times (Fairfax Media). 9 February 2011. Retrieved 28 February 2011.
- Queensland Government Media Release, "Gold Coast Council and State Government to examine cruise ship terminal", 2 November 2012: http://statements.qld.gov.au/Statement/2012/11/2/gold-coast-council-and-state-government-to-examine-cruise-ship-terminal, Retrieved on 1 March 2014
- Queensland Government Media Release, "Gold Coast Council to decide future of cruise ship terminal", 13 February 2014: http://statements.qld.gov.au/Statement/2014/2/13/gold-coast-council-to-decide-future-of-cruise-ship-terminal, Retrieved on 1 March 2014
- Andrew Potts, "Gold Coast City councillors in uproar as cruise plans reach terminal ferocity", Gold Coast Bulletin, 18 February 2014: http://www.goldcoastbulletin.com.au/news/gold-coast/gold-coast-city-councillors-in-uproar-as-cruise-plans-reach-terminal-ferocity/story-fnj94idh-1226830079710, Retrieved on 1 March 2014
- "Marina plan for Cleveland revamp", Brian Hurst, Bayside Bulletin, 13 January 2014 http://www.baysidebulletin.com.au/story/2017300/marina-plan-for-cleveland-revamp/, Retrieved 15 February 2014
- Judith Kerr, "Toondah proposals unviable say experts", Bayside Bulletin, 17 February 2014: http://www.baysidebulletin.com.au/story/2093169/toondah-proposalsunviable-say-experts/?cs=213, Retrieved 19 February 2014
- Judith Kerr, "Parliament hears petition demanding new Toondah plan", Bayside Bulletin, 6 March 2014: http://www.baysidebulletin.com.au/story/2132334/parliament-hears-petition-demanding-new-toondah-plan/?cs=213, Retrieved on 8 March 2014
- Overview, Australian Government, Department of The Environment : http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/wetlands/ramsardetails.pl?refcode=41, Retrieved on 15 February 2014
- "Bilateral migratory bird agreements", Australian Government Department of the Environment: http://www.environment.gov.au/node/14280, Retrieved on 4 March 2014
- "What is protected under the EPBC Act?", Australian Government Department of the Environment: http://www.environment.gov.au/topics/about-us/legislation/environment-protection-and-biodiversity-conservation-act-1999/what, Retrieved 4 March 2014
- Moreton Bay Marine Park. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved 10 December 2007.
- Fishers furious at Moreton Bay bans. Patrick Lion. The Courier Mail, 2 December, 2007. The new Moreton Bay Marine Park was launched on 1 March 2009. Retrieved 10 December 2007.
- Giles, Darren (10 February 2008). "Artificial reefs plan to aid Bay". The Sunday Mail
- Chris O'Brien (4 October 2010). "More artificial reefs planned for Moreton Bay". ABC News Online (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved 4 November 2010.
- Brian Williams and Rosemary Odgers (28 October 2008). "Moreton Bay rezoning to hit families, say fishermen". The Courier-Mail (Queensland Newspapers). Retrieved 6 November 2010.
- Daniel Hurst, "LNP poised to ease fishing bans", Brisbane Times, 24 March 2012: http://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/queensland/state-election-2012/lnp-poised-to-ease-fishing-bans-20120324-1vqie.html
- Proposal to allow recreational fishing at Scotts Point, Queensland Government Media Statement, 31 January 2014:http://statements.qld.gov.au/Statement/2014/2/16/proposal-to-allow-recreational-fishing-at-scotts-point Retrieved 18 February 2014
- "Newman gets it wrong again on Moreton Bay Green Zones", The Westender, 18 February 2014: http://westender.com.au/newman-gets-wrong-moreton-bay-green-zones/, Retrieved 18 February 2014
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Moreton Bay.|
- SEQ History South East Queensland History
- Moreton Bay Database[dead link] – a detailed chronicle of events
- Moreton Bay Ramsar Site Location and maps - Australian Government, Department of the Environment
- BayJournal[dead link] An online news source publishing one story a day about the Bay.
- Australian Folk Songs: Moreton Bay Folk song about the penal colony at Moreton Bay
- Pencil drawing of Moreton Bay settlement, ca. 1835 [dead link] by Henry Boucher Bowerman. Digitised and held by Heritage Collections, State Library of Queensland.