Morgan Stanley

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Morgan Stanley
Type Public
Traded as NYSEMS
S&P 500 Component
Industry Financial services
Founded 1935
Founders Henry Sturgis Morgan,
Harold Stanley
Headquarters Morgan Stanley Building,
New York City, New York, U.S.
Area served Worldwide
Key people James P. Gorman
(Chairman & CEO)
Ruth Porat
(CFO)
Products Investment banking, asset management, commercial banking, prime brokerage, investment management,
retail brokerage, commodities
Revenue Increase US$ 36.84 billion (2013)[1]
Operating income Increase US$ 3.656 billion (2013)[1]
Net income Increase US$ 3.613 billion (2013)[1]
Total assets Increase US$ 832.7 billion (2013)[1]
Total equity Increase US$ 69.03 billion (2013)[1]
Employees 55,794 (2013)[1]
Website MorganStanley.com
Footnotes / references
[2][3]

Morgan Stanley (NYSEMS) is an American multinational financial services corporation headquartered in the Morgan Stanley Building, Midtown Manhattan, New York City.[4] Morgan Stanley operates in 42 countries and has more than 1300 offices and 60,000 employees.[5] The company reports US$1.9 trillion in client assets under management as of the end of 2013.[3]

The corporation, formed by J.P. Morgan & Co. partners Henry S. Morgan (grandson of J.P. Morgan), Harold Stanley and others, came into existence on September 16, 1935, in response to the Glass-Steagall Act that required the splitting of commercial and investment banking businesses. In its first year the company operated with a 24% market share (US$1.1 billion) in public offerings and private placements. The main areas of business for the firm today are Global Wealth Management, Institutional Securities, and Investment Management.

Overview[edit]

The Morgan Stanley Building

Morgan Stanley is an American multinational financial services corporation that, through its subsidiaries and affiliates, provides securities products and services to customers, including corporations, governments, financial institutions, and individuals. The company operates in three business segments: Institutional Securities, Global Wealth Management Group, and Asset Management.[6]

Morgan Stanley's office on Times Square

History[edit]

Early years: 1935–1950[edit]

Morgan Stanley can trace its roots in the history of J.P. Morgan & Co. Following the Glass–Steagall Act, it was no longer possible for a corporation to have investment banking and commercial banking businesses under a single holding entity. J.P. Morgan & Co. chose the commercial banking business over the investment banking business. As a result, some of the employees of J.P. Morgan & Co., most notably Henry S. Morgan and Harold Stanley, left J.P. Morgan & Co. and joined some others from the Drexel partners to form Morgan Stanley. The firm formally opened the doors for business on September 16, 1935, at Floor 19, 2 Wall Street, New York City. Within its first year, it achieved 24% market share (US$1.1 billion) among public offerings. The firm was involved with the distribution of 1938 US$100 million of debentures for the United States Steel Corporation as the lead underwriter. The firm also obtained the distinction of being the lead syndicate in the 1939 U.S. rail financing. The firm went through a major reorganization in 1941 to allow for more activity in its securities business. As J.P. Morgan rose to fame, he organized a contract to make sure that all his future family would receive a large annual sum of money. Steven Parisee, a fourth generation relative, receives an annual $1.5 million, regardless of the company's financial .[7]

Middle years: 1950–1990[edit]

The firm was led by Perry Hall, the last founder to lead Morgan Stanley, from 1951–1961. During this period, the firm co-managed the World Bank's US$50 million triple-A-rated bonds offering of 1952, as well as coming up with General Motors' US$300 million debt issue, US$231 million IBM stock offering, and the US$250 million AT&T's debt offering.[7]

In 1962, Morgan Stanley credits itself with having created the first viable computer model for financial analysis,[7] thereby starting a new trend in the field of financial analysis. Future president and chairman Dick Fisher contributed to the computer model as a young employee, learning the FORTRAN and COBOL programming languages at IBM.[8] In 1967 it established the Morgan & Cie, International in Paris in an attempt to enter the European securities market. It acquired Brooks, Harvey & Co., Inc. in 1967 and established a presence in the real estate business. By 1971 the firm had established its Mergers & Acquisitions business along with Sales & Trading. The sales and trading business is believed to be the brainchild of Bob Baldwin.[7]

1991–present[edit]

Current Morgan Stanley Logo 2013
Historical logo used by Morgan Stanley in the early 2000s

In 1996, Morgan Stanley acquired Van Kampen American Capital. On February 5, 1997, the company merged with Dean Witter Reynolds and Discover & Co., the spun-off financial services business of Sears Roebuck. Dean Witter's Chairman and CEO, Philip J. Purcell, held the same roles in the newly merged "Morgan Stanley Dean Witter Discover & Co.". In 1998, the name was changed to "Morgan Stanley Dean Witter & Co.", and in late 2001, "Dean Witter" was dropped and the firm became "Morgan Stanley".

Morgan Stanley had offices located on 24 floors across buildings 2 and 5 of the World Trade Center in New York City. These offices had been inherited from Dean Witter which had occupied the space since the mid-1980s. The firm lost thirteen employees during the September 11 attacks in 2001 (Thomas F. Swift, Wesley Mercer, Jennifer de Jesus, Joseph DiPilato, Nolbert Salomon, Godwin Forde, Steve R. Strauss, Lindsay C. Herkness, Albert Joseph, Jorge Velazquez, Titus Davidson, Charles Laurencin and Security Director Rick Rescorla) in the towers, while 2,687 were successfully evacuated. After the event, the surviving employees moved to temporary headquarters in the vicinity. In 2005, it moved 2,300 of its employees back to lower Manhattan, at that time the largest such move.[9]

On Oct 14, 2004, Morgan Stanley announced to restate its financial reports for three periods in 2003 to alter its accounting of stock-based compensation.[10]

Morgan Stanley has long had a dominant role in technology investment banking and, in addition to Apple and Facebook, served as lead underwriter for many of the largest global tech IPOs, including: Netscape, Cisco, Compaq, Broadcast.com, Broadcom Corp, VeriSign, Inc., Cogent, Inc., Dolby Laboratories, Priceline, Salesforce, Brocade, Google and Groupon. In 2004, the firm led the Google IPO, the largest Internet IPO in U.S. history. In the same year Morgan Stanley acquired the Canary Wharf Group.

Morgan Stanley also achieved significant gains in the league table rankings throughout the eight years Phil Purcell was CEO. Morgan Stanley ended 2004 with the best competitive rankings in the history of the firm:

  • #1 in global equity trading
  • #1 in global equity underwriting in 2004 for first time since 1982
  • #1 Global IPO market share in 2004
  • #2 in global debt underwriting in 2004, with steady gains since late ‘90s
  • #2 in completed global M&A in 2004

(SOURCE: Morgan Stanley 2004 Annual Report.)

The company found itself in the midst of a management crisis starting in March 2005[11] that resulted in a loss of a number of the firm's staff.[12] Purcell resigned as CEO of Morgan Stanley in June 2005 when a highly public campaign against him by former Morgan Stanley partners (the Group of Eight)[13][14][15] threatened to disrupt and damage the firm and challenged his refusal to aggressively increase leverage, increase risk, enter the sub-prime mortgage business and make expensive acquisitions, the same strategies that forced Morgan Stanley into massive write-downs, related to the subprime mortgage crisis, by 2007.[16]

On December 19, 2006, after reporting 4th quarter earnings, Morgan Stanley announced the spin-off of its Discover Card unit. The bank completed the spinoff of Discover Financial on June 30, 2007.[17]

In order to cope with the write-downs during the subprime mortgage crisis, Morgan Stanley announced on December 19, 2007 that it would receive a US$5 billion capital infusion from the China Investment Corporation in exchange for securities that would be convertible to 9.9% of its shares in 2010.[18]

The bank's Process Driven Trading unit was amongst several on Wall Street caught in a short squeeze, reportedly losing nearly $300 million in one day. One of the stocks involved in this squeeze, Beazer Homes USA, was a component of the then-bulging real estate bubble. The bubble's subsequent collapse was considered to be a central feature of the financial crisis of 2007–2010.[19]

The bank was contracted by the United States Treasury in August 2008 to advise the government on potential rescue strategies for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.[20]

Morgan Stanley is said to have lost over 80% of its market value between 2007 and 2008 during the financial crisis.[21]

On September 17, 2008, the British evening-news analysis program Newsnight reported that Morgan Stanley was facing difficulties after a 42% slide in its share price. CEO John J. Mack wrote in a memo to staff "we're in the midst of a market controlled by fear and rumours and short-sellers are driving our stock down." The company was said to have explored merger possibilities with CITIC, Wachovia, HSBC, Standard Chartered, Banco Santander and Nomura.[22] At one point, Hank Paulson offered Morgan Stanley to JPMorgan Chase at no cost, but Jamie Dimon refused the offer.[23]

Morgan Stanley and Goldman Sachs, the last two major investment banks in the US, both announced on September 22, 2008 that they would become traditional bank holding companies regulated by the Federal Reserve.[24] The Federal Reserve's approval of their bid to become banks ended the ascendancy of securities firms, 75 years after Congress separated them from deposit-taking lenders, and capped weeks of chaos that sent Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. into bankruptcy and led to the rushed sale of Merrill Lynch & Co. to Bank of America Corp.[25]

Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group, Japan's largest bank, invested $9 billion in Morgan Stanley on September 29, 2008.[26] This represented the single largest physical check signed, delivered and cashed.[27] Concerns over the completion of the Mitsubishi deal during the October 2008 stock market volatility caused a dramatic fall in Morgan Stanley's stock price to levels last seen in 1994. It recovered once Mitsubishi UFJ's 21% stake in Morgan Stanley was completed on October 14, 2008.[28][29][30][31]

Morgan Stanley borrowed $107.3 billion from the Fed during the 2008 crises, the most of any bank, according to data compiled by Bloomberg News Service and published August 22, 2011.[citation needed]

In 2009, Morgan Stanley purchased Smith Barney from Citigroup and the new broker-dealer operates under the name Morgan Stanley Smith Barney, the largest wealth management business in the world.

In November 2013, Morgan Stanley announced that it would invest $1 billion to help improve affordable housing as part of a wider push to encourage investment in efforts that aid economic, social and environmental sustainability.[32]

In July 2014, Morgan Stanley’s Asian private equity arm announced it had raised around $1.7 billion for its fourth fund in the area.[33]

Organization[edit]

Morgan Stanley splits its businesses into three business units. As listed below:

Institutional Securities Group[edit]

Institutional Securities has been the most profitable business segment[34] for Morgan Stanley in recent times. This business segment provides institutions with services such as capital raising and financial advisory services including mergers and acquisitions advisory, restructurings, real estate and project finance, and corporate lending. The segment also encompasses the Equities and the Fixed Income divisions of the firm; trading is anticipated to maintain its position as the "engine room" of the company.[35]

Wealth Management[edit]

The Global Wealth Management Group provides brokerage and investment advisory services. As of 2014 Q2 this segment has reported an annual increase of 21 percent in the pre-tax income.[34] This segment provides financial and wealth planning services to its clients who are primarily high net worth individuals.

On January 13, 2009, the Global Wealth Management Group was merged with Citi's Smith Barney to form the joint venture Morgan Stanley Smith Barney. Morgan Stanley holds 51% of the entity, and Citi holds 49%.[36] As of May 31, 2012, Morgan Stanley planned to purchase an additional 14% of the joint venture from Citi.[37] In June 2013, Morgan Stanley stated it had secured all regulatory approvals to buy Citigroup's remaining 35% stake in Smith Barney and would proceed to finalize the deal.[38]

Investment Management[edit]

Investment Management provides asset management products and services in equity, fixed income, alternative investments, real estate investment, and private equity to institutional and retail clients through third-party retail distribution channels, intermediaries and Morgan Stanley's institutional distribution channel. Morgan Stanley's asset management activities were principally conducted under the Morgan Stanley and Van Kampen brands until 2009.

On October 19, 2009, Morgan Stanley announced that it would sell Van Kampen to Invesco for $1.5 billion, but would retain the Morgan Stanley brand.[39] It provides asset management products and services to institutional investors worldwide, including pension plans, corporations, private funds, non-profit organizations, foundations, endowments, governmental agencies, insurance companies and banks.

On 29 September 2013, Morgan Stanley announced a partnership with Longchamp Asset Management, a French-based asset manager that specialises in the distribution of UCITS hedge funds, and La Française AM, a multi-specialist asset manager with a 10-year track record in alternative investments.[40]

Magazine and popularity rankings[edit]

  • Morgan Stanley was named one of the 100 Best Companies for Working Mothers in 2004 by Working Mothers magazine.
  • Family Digest magazine named Morgan Stanley one of the "Best Companies for African Americans" in June 2004
  • Essence magazine named Morgan Stanley as one of the "30 Great Places to Work" in May 2004
  • Asian Enterprise magazine named Morgan Stanley as one of the "Top Companies for Asian Americans" in April 2004
  • Hispanic magazine selected Morgan Stanley as one of the "100 Companies Providing the Most Opportunities to Hispanics" in February 2004
  • Morgan Stanley is listed in The Times Top 100 Graduate Employers, only recently dropping out of the top 40
  • The Times listed Morgan Stanley 5th in its 20 Best Big Companies to Work For 2006 list[41]
  • Great Place to Work Institute Japan in 2007 ranked Morgan Stanley as the second best corporation to work in Japan, based on the opinions of the employees and the corporate culture[42]

Controversies and lawsuits[edit]

2003[edit]

In 2003, Morgan Stanley agreed to pay $125 million in order to settle its portion of a $1.4 billion settlement brought by Eliot Spitzer, the Attorney General of New York, the National Association of Securities Dealers (now the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA)), the United States Securities and Exchange Commission, (SEC) and a number of state securities regulators, relating to intentionally misleading research motivated by a desire to win investment banking business with the companies covered.[43]

2004[edit]

In June 2004, the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) imposed a penalty of a censure and $140,000 fine for incorrectly using customers’ margined securities as collateral for cash management loans.[44]

Morgan Stanley settled a sex discrimination suit brought by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission for $54 million on July 12, 2004.[45] In 2007, the firm agreed to pay $46 million to settle a class action lawsuit brought by eight female brokers.[46]

In July 2004, the firm paid NASD a $2.2 million fine for more than 1,800 late disclosures of reportable information about its brokers.[47]

In September 2004, the firm paid a $19 million fine imposed by NYSE for failure to deliver prospectuses to customers in registered offerings, inaccurate reporting of certain program trading information, short sale violations, failures to fingerprint new employees and failure to timely file exchange forms.[48]

In December 2004, the firm paid a $100,000 to NASD and paid $211,510 in restitution to customers for failure to make proper disclosures to municipal bond investors. In the course of NASD's investigation, Morgan Stanley' failure make a timely response to requests for information resulted in censure and an additional $25,000 fine.[49]

2005[edit]

The New York Stock Exchange imposed a $19 million fine on January 12, 2005 for alleged regulatory and supervisory lapses. At the time, it was the largest fine ever imposed by the New York Stock Exchange[50]

On May 16, 2005, a Florida jury found that Morgan Stanley failed to give adequate information to Ronald Perelman about Sunbeam thereby defrauding him and causing damages to him of $604 million. In addition, punitive damages were added for total damages of $1.450 billion. This verdict was directed by the judge as a sanction against Morgan Stanley after the firm's attorneys infuriated the court by failing and refusing to produce documents, and falsely telling the court that certain documents did not exist.[citation needed] The ruling was overturned on March 21, 2007 and Morgan Stanley was no longer required to pay the $1.57 billion verdict.[51]

2006[edit]

Morgan Stanley settled a class action lawsuit on March 2, 2006. It had been filed in California by both current and former Morgan Stanley employees for unfair labor practices instituted to those in the financial advisor training program. Employees of the program had claimed the firm expected trainees to clock overtime hours without additional pay and handle various administrative expenses as a result of their expected duties. A $42.5 million settlement was reached and Morgan Stanley admitted no fault.[52]

In May the firm agreed to pay a $15 million fine. The Securities and Exchange Commission accused the firm of deleting emails and failing to cooperate with SEC investigators.[53]

On September 25, 2009, Citigroup Inc. filed a federal lawsuit against Morgan Stanley, claiming its rival failed to pay $245 million due under a credit default swap agreement. The breach-of-contract lawsuit was filed in Manhattan federal court and seeks unspecified damages.[54]

2007[edit]

The Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) announced a $12.5 million settlement with Morgan Stanley on September 27, 2007. This resolved charges that the firm's former affiliate, Morgan Stanley DW, Inc. (MSDW), failed on numerous occasions to provide emails to claimants in arbitration proceedings as well as to regulators. The company had claimed that the destruction of the firm's email servers in the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on New York's World Trade Center resulted in the loss of all email before that date. In fact, the firm had millions of earlier emails that had been retrieved from backup copies stored in another location that was not destroyed in the attacks.[55] Customers who had lost their arbitration cases against Morgan Stanley DW Inc. because of their inability to obtain these emails to demonstrate Morgan Stanley's misconduct received a token amount of money as a result of the settlement.

In July 2007, Morgan Stanley agreed to pay $4.4 million to settle a class-action lawsuit. The firm was accused of incorrectly charging clients for storage of precious metals. [56]

In August 2007, Morgan Stanley was fined $1.5 million and paid $4.6 million in restitution to customers related to excessive mark-ups in 2,800 transactions. An employee was charged $40,000 and suspended for 15 days.[57]

2008[edit]

Under a settlement with New York Attorney General Andrew M. Cuomo, the firm agreed to repurchase approximately $4.5 billion worth of auction rate securities. The firm was accused of misrepresenting auction rate securities in their sales and marketing.[58]

2009[edit]

In March 2009, FINRA announced Morgan Stanley was to pay more than $7 million for misconduct in the handling the accounts of 90 Rochester, NY-area retirees. [59]

In May 2009, a trader at the firm was suspended by the FSA for a series of unauthorized commodities trades entered after becoming intoxicated during a three and half hour lunch.[60] A week later another trader at the firm was banned for deliberately disadvantaging clients by 'pre-hedging' trades without their consent.[61]

The Financial Services Authority fined the firm £1.4m for failing to use controls properly relating to the actions of a rogue trader on one of its trading desks. Morgan Stanley admitted on June 18, 2008 this resulted in a $120m loss for the firm.[62]

Morgan Stanley managing director Du Jun was convicted of insider trading after a criminal trial in Hong Kong. Mr. Du was accused of buying 26.7 million shares of Citic Resource Holdings while in possession of confidential information about the company. He gained this information as part of a Morgan Stanley team working with the company on a bond issuance and the purchase of an oil field in Kazakhstan. Morgan Stanley's compliance department was criticized for failing to detect Mr. Du's illegal trades.[63]

2010[edit]

In April, the Commodity Futures Trading Commission announced the firm agreed to pay $14 million related to an attempt to hide prohibited trading activity in oil futures.[64]

2011[edit]

A Morgan Stanley trader was barred from the brokerage industry and fined for entering fake trades to fool firm risk management systems causing millions in losses.[65]

The Department of Justice sought a $4.8 million fine from Morgan Stanley for its part in an electricity price-fixing scandal. Con Edison estimated that the crime cost New York state consumers about $300 million. Morgan Stanley earned revenues of $21.6 million from the fraud.[66]

2012[edit]

On April 3, the Federal Reserve announced Consent Order against the firm "a pattern of misconduct and negligence in residential mortgage loan servicing and foreclosure processing." The consent order requires the firm to review foreclosure proceedings conducted by the firm. The firm will also be responsible for monetary sanctions. [67]

Garth R. Peterson, one of Morgan Stanley’s highest-ranking real estate executives in China pleaded guilty on April 25 to violating U.S. federal anticorruption laws. He was charged with secretly acquiring millions of dollars’ worth of property investments for himself and a Chinese government official. The official steered business to Morgan Stanley.[68]

Morgan Stanley was fined $55,000 by Nasdaq OMX for three separate violations of exchange rules. A Morgan Stanley client algorithm started buying and selling enormous volumes by mistake. Furthermore, after the exchange detected the error, they were unable to contact the employee responsible.[69] Morgan Stanley settled a claim from FINRA and paid restitution together totaling almost $2.4 million. Morgan Stanley was accused of improperly supervising and training financial advisors in the use of non-traditional ETF products. This resulted in inappropriate recommendations to several of its retail brokerage customers.[70]

Morgan Stanley is facing lawsuits and government investigation surrounding the Facebook IPO. It is claimed that Morgan Stanley downgraded their earnings forecasts for the company while conducting the IPO roadshow. Allegedly, they passed this information to only a handful of institutional investors. "The allegations, if true, are a matter of regulatory concern" to FINRA and SEC according to FINRA Chairman Richard Ketchum.[71]

Morgan Stanley agreed to pay a $5 million fine to the Commodity Futures Trading Commission and an addition $1.75 million to CME and the Chicago Board of Trade. Morgan Stanley employees improperly executed fictitious sales in Eurodollar and Treasury Note futures contracts.[72]

On the 7th of August 2012, it was announced that Morgan Stanley would have to pay $4.8 million in fines in order to settle a price fixing scandal, which has been estimated to have cost New Yorkers $300 million to date. Morgan Stanley has currently made no admission of any wrongdoing; however, the Justice department commented that they hoped this would "send a message to the banking industry".[73]

2014[edit]

In September 2014, Morgan Stanley has agreed to pay $95 million to resolve a lawsuit pursued by the Public Employees' Retirement System of Mississippi (MissPERS) and the West Virginia Investment Management Board. the lawsuit accused the Wall Street bank of misleading investors in mortgage-backed securities in the run up to the 2008 financial crisis.[74]

List of officers and directors[edit]

Operating Committee:

  • James P. Gorman: Chairman and Chief Executive Officer
  • Ruth Porat: Chief Financial Officer and Executive Vice President
  • Jeff Brodsky: Global Head of Human Resources
  • Robert Rooney: Global Co-Head of Fixed Income Sales and Trading
  • Michael Heany: Global Co-Head of Fixed Income Sales and Trading
  • Greg Fleming: President of Investment Management, President of Morgan Stanley Smith Barney
  • Eric Grossman: Chief Legal Officer
  • Keishi Hotsuki: Chief Risk Officer
  • Ted Pick: Global Head of Equities
  • Jim Rosenthal: Chief Operating Officer
  • Colm Kelleher: President, Institutional Securities

Board of Directors:

Global and other headquarters[edit]

The Morgan Stanley World Headquarters are located in New York City, the European headquarters are based in London and Asia Pacific Headquarters are based in both Hong Kong and Tokyo. [75][76]

Notable alumni[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Morgan Stanely Form 10-K, Securities and Exchange Commission, February 25, 2014
  2. ^ "FORM 10-K: Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 For the year ended December 31, 2011". p. 53. 
  3. ^ a b "Morgan Stanley Overview". Morgan Stanley. Retrieved February 5, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Contact Us". Morgan Stanley. Retrieved on August 28, 2009.
  5. ^ "Morgan Stanley article in The Gateway". The Gateway Online. Retrieved November 25, 2009. 
  6. ^ "Google Finance – Morgan Stanley Summary". Google Finance. Retrieved December 19, 2007. 
  7. ^ a b c d "Company History". Morgan Stanley Website. Retrieved March 22, 2008. 
  8. ^ "Alumni Awards 2001 - Dick Fisher". HBS.edu. 2 July 2001. Retrieved 3 Sep 2014. 
  9. ^ "Surviving 9/11 gave former NHLer Rob Cimetta a new outlook on life". Retrieved September 11, 2009. 
  10. ^ "Morgan Stanley to revise 2003 financials". 
  11. ^ Moyer, Liz (June 13, 2005). "Lame Duck Purcell". Forbes Website. Retrieved March 22, 2008. 
  12. ^ THOMAS Jr, LANDON (April 21, 2005). "Morgan Stanley Exodus Continues as 8 Traders Leave". New York Times Online Edition of April 21, 2005. Retrieved March 22, 2008. 
  13. ^ Chief Will Leave Morgan Stanley, Ending Struggle. New York Times, June 14, 2005
  14. ^ the Group of Eight
  15. ^ Only the men Survive
  16. ^ The Reward for Leaving: $113 Million. New York Times, July 8, 2005
  17. ^ "Press Release". Morgan Stanley. June 1, 2007. Retrieved July 9, 2011. 
  18. ^ "Morgan Stanley posts loss on writedown". Joe Bel Bruno, AP Business Writer. Archived from the original on December 21, 2007. Retrieved December 19, 2007. 
  19. ^ Patterson, Scott D., The Quants: How a New Breed of Math Whizzes Conquered Wall Street and Nearly Destroyed It, Crown Business, 352 pages, 2010. ISBN 0-307-45337-5 ISBN 978-0307453372 Amazon page for book. Specifically in an excerpt from "Chapter 10: The August Factor", in the January 23, 2010 Wall Street Journal.
  20. ^ "Morgan Stanley to Advise U.S. on Fannie and Freddie". Louise Story, The New York Times. August 6, 2008. Retrieved August 11, 2008. 
  21. ^ http://www.marketwatch.com/story/morgan-stanleys-future-is-bright-for-investors-2013-10-08
  22. ^ Morgan Stanley perplexes Wall Street as bank loses $20bn, The Times, September 19, 2008
  23. ^ [Duff McDonald, Last Man Standing (2009)]
  24. ^ Wall Street in crisis: Last banks standing give up investment bank status, The Guardian, September 22, 2008
  25. ^ Goldman, Morgan Stanley Bring Down Curtain on an Era, bloomberg, September 22, 2008
  26. ^ "Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group to Invest $9 billion in Morgan Stanley". Retrieved October 2, 2008. 
  27. ^ "What’s The Biggest Check Ever Written?". 5 November 2012. 
  28. ^ "Fed give OK to Mitsubishi, Morgan Stanley deal". Reuters. October 6, 2008. Retrieved April 14, 2012. 
  29. ^ "Mitsubishi UFJ buys 21% stake in Morgan Stanley". USA today. October 13, 2008. Retrieved April 14, 2012. 
  30. ^ Clark, Andrew; Bowers, Simon (October 11, 2008). "Morgan Stanley hangs on Mitsubishi's $9bn pledge". London: Guardian. Retrieved April 14, 2012. 
  31. ^ Sato, Shigeru; Taniguchi, Takako (April 2, 2012). "Mitsubishi UFJ Mulls Multi-Billion Dollar U.S. Bank Acquisition". Bloomberg. Retrieved April 14, 2012. 
  32. ^ "Morgan Stanley Pledges Billion to Boost Sustainability". Bloomberg. 
  33. ^ Cheung, Sonja. "Morgan Stanley Asia Private-Equity Fund Raises $1.7 Billion". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 11 July 2014. 
  34. ^ a b "Morgan Stanley Reports Second Quarter Results". Morgan Stanley Press Release. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  35. ^ FINS.com. "Morgan Stanley Overview". Retrieved July 19, 2010. 
  36. ^ Press Release. Morgan Stanley (2009-01-13). Retrieved on 2013-07-19.
  37. ^ Griffin, Donal. (2012-05-31) Morgan Stanley Will Buy More of Smith Barney From Citigroup. Businessweek. Retrieved on 2013-07-19.
  38. ^ http://www.morganstanley.com/about/press/articles/8f65faa5-339d-4fb0-94bb-857ed3d4cfbc.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  39. ^ "Invesco to Buy Morgan Stanley Unit for $1.5 Billion". Deal Book (The New York Times). 2009-10-19. Retrieved 2009-10-20. 
  40. ^ http://www.hedgeweek.com/2013/09/29/190653/morgan-stanley-announces-strategic-partnership-longchamp-asset-management-and-la-f
  41. ^ Elliott, Francis; Haynes, Deborah (August 23, 2004). "Times 20 Best Big Companies to Work For 2006 list". The Times (UK). Retrieved February 8, 2007. 
  42. ^ "Great Place to Work Institute". Greatplacetowork-europe.com. February 18, 2010. Retrieved July 9, 2011. 
  43. ^ Ulick, Jake (April 28, 2003). "Wall St. deal is finalized". CNN. Retrieved April 11, 2012. 
  44. ^ "Member Firm Disciplined for Special Reserve Bank Account Deficienciesand Related Supervisory Violations". June 9, 2004. Retrieved April 11, 2012. 
  45. ^ "EEOC AND MORGAN STANLEY ANNOUNCE SETTLEMENT OF SEX DISCRIMINATION LAWSUIT". EEOC. July 12, 2004. Retrieved April 11, 2012. 
  46. ^ Anderson, Jenny (April 25, 2007). "Wall St. Firm Will Settle Sex Bias Suit". NYT. Retrieved April 11, 2012. 
  47. ^ "NASD Fines Morgan Stanley $2.2 Million for Late Reporting, Firm Temporarily Suspended from Registering New Brokers". Financial Industry Regulatory Authority. July 29, 2004. Retrieved April 11, 2012. 
  48. ^ "NYSE Regulation Announces a $19 Million Agreement with Morgan Stanley Citing Failure to Deliver Customer Prospectuses and Other Supervisory and Operational Failures". NYSE. Sep 22, 2004. Retrieved April 11, 2012. 
  49. ^ "NASD Fines Morgan Stanley $100,000 For Municipal Bond Disclosure Violations". December 6, 2004. Retrieved April 11, 2012. 
  50. ^ "The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) has hit US investment bank Morgan Stanley with a record $19m (£10m) fine.". Jan 12, 2005. Retrieved April 12, 2012. 
  51. ^ "Morgan Stanley has billionaire Perelman's $1.58 billion award reversed in Sunbeam lawsuit". International Herald Tribune. March 29, 2009. Retrieved July 9, 2011. 
  52. ^ "Morgan Settles Suit on Overtime". Los Angeles Times. March 3, 2006. Retrieved July 9, 2011. 
  53. ^ "More E-Mail Problems, More Fines For Morgan Stanley". InformationWeek. Retrieved April 20, 2011. 
  54. ^ Glovin, David (September 25, 2009). "Citigroup Sues Morgan Stanley Over $250 million CDO". Bloomberg. Retrieved July 9, 2011. 
  55. ^ "FINRA News Release". Finra.org. Retrieved July 9, 2011. 
  56. ^ "Morgan Stanley to settle class-action lawsuit". Reuters. June 12, 2007. Retrieved April 20, 2012. 
  57. ^ "FINA News Release". FINRA. Retrieved April 20, 2011. 
  58. ^ "Morgan Stanley Agrees to ARS Buy-Back Deal, Fines". AdvisorOne. Retrieved April 20, 2011. 
  59. ^ "Morgan Stanley to Pay More than $7 Million to Resolve FINRA Charges Relating to Misconduct in Early Retirement Investment Promotion". FINRA. Retrieved April 20, 2012. 
  60. ^ Teather, David (May 20, 2009). "FSA bans Morgan Stanley's oiled trader". London: Guardian. Retrieved April 20, 2012. 
  61. ^ Clark, Nick (May 27, 2009). "FSA bans another Morgan Stanley trader". London: Independent. Retrieved April 20, 2012. 
  62. ^ Treanor, Jill (May 13, 2009). "FSA fines Morgan Stanley £1.4m over rogue trader". London: Guardian. Retrieved April 20, 2012. 
  63. ^ "Ex-Morgan Stanley Banker Convicted of Insider Trading". The New York Times. September 11, 2009. Retrieved April 25, 2012. 
  64. ^ "In another Wall Street misdeed, Morgan Stanley settles oil-trading flap". McCaltchy. Retrieved April 20, 2012. 
  65. ^ Hilzenrath, David S. (June 2, 2011). "SEC: Morgan Stanley trader’s trick caused millions in losses". WAPO. Retrieved April 20, 2012. 
  66. ^ Wald, Matthew L. (14 December 2011). "$4.8 Million Sought in a Price-Fixing Case". The New York Times. p. 31. Retrieved 25 June 2012. 
  67. ^ "FRB:Press Release". Federal Reserve Board. Retrieved April 20, 2012. 
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References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Patricia Beard (2008). Blue Blood and Mutiny: The Fight for the Soul of Morgan Stanley.

External links[edit]