Morgante

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Morgante, sometimes also called Morgante Maggiore (i.e. the "Greater Morgante", the name give to the complete 28 canto edition published in 1483[1]), is an Italian romantic epic by Luigi Pulci which appeared in its final form in 1483; a now lost 23 canto version likely appeared in late 1478; two other 23 canto versions were published in 1481 and 1482.[1]

Based on popular Matter of France material, the poem tells the story of Orlando and Renaud de Montauban (in Italian, Renaldo or Rinaldo), the most famous of Charlemagne's paladins, in a frequently burlesque fashion. The title character is a giant who becomes Orlando's loyal follower after the knight stops him from attacking the monastery of Chiaromonte and converts him to Christianity. After many strange adventures, Morgante is killed by a bite from a crab. Other characters include Morgante's friend, the gluttonous Margutte who dies in a fit of laughter, and the philosophically inclined demon Astarotte. The poem ends with an account of Orlando's defeat and death at the Battle of Roncesvalles.

The last five cantos of Pulci's work are based on La Spagna a 14th-century Italian epic attributed to the Florentine Sostegno di Zanobi.[2]

Lord Byron translated the first canto of Morgante in 1822.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b See Lèbano's introduction to the Tusiani translation, p. xxii.
  2. ^ Peter Brand and Lino Pertile, eds. The Cambridge History of Italian Literature Cambridge: 1996; revised edition: 1999, p.169. ISBN 0-521-66622-8

References[edit]

  • Morgante ed. Franca Ageno (Mondadori, 1994).
  • Morgante: The Epic Adventures of Orlando and His Giant Friend a complete English translation by Joseph Tusiani. Introduction and notes by Edoardo Lèbano. (Indiana University Press, 1998) ISBN 0-253-21407-6