Morganton, North Carolina
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (December 2011)|
|Morganton, North Carolina|
|• Mayor||Mel L. Cohen|
|• Total||18.23 sq mi (47.0 km2)|
|• Land||18.23 sq mi (47.0 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,161 ft (354 m)|
|• Density||953.0/sq mi (368.0/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||28655, 28680|
|GNIS feature ID||0990244|
Morganton is one of the principal cities in the Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Near the city is the significant archaeological and historic site of Joara, a regional chiefdom of Mississippian culture and the location where the Spanish built Fort San Juan in 1567. It was settled by the Mississippian culture by AD 1000. It was also the first European colonial settlement in the interior of the United States, built more than 40 years before the English settled Jamestown, Virginia.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Economy
- 4 Media
- 5 Education
- 6 Notable people
- 7 Synthron plant explosion
- 8 Joara archeological site
- 9 Recreation
- 10 In literature
- 11 Citations
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Morganton is located at (35.742585, -81.692360).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.23 square miles (49.8 km2).
As of the census of 2010, there were 16,918 people, 7,618 households, and 4,117 families residing in the city. The population density was 953.0 people per square mile (368.0/km²). There were 7,313 housing units at an average density of 402.6 per square mile (155.5/km²). The racial composition of the city was: 75.67% White, 12.76% Black or African American, 11.16% Hispanic or Latino American, 1.99% Asian American, 0.55% Native American, 0.81% Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, 6.64% some other race, and 1.58% two or more races.
There were 7,618 households out of which 22.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.1% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.7% were non-families. 34.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.92.
In the city the population was spread out with 21.1% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 18.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $29,836, and the median income for a family was $42,687. Males had a median income of $29,118 versus $24,723 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,906. About 9.7% of families and 13.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.0% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.
The state of North Carolina is a major employer in Morganton. State-operated facilities located in Morganton include Broughton Hospital, a psychiatric hospital and the North Carolina School for the Deaf. Other employers include furniture manufacturing facilities and businesses catering to the many tourists who travel through the area on Interstate 40 to nearby attractions in the Blue Ridge Mountains.
- WCIS / 760 AM / Religious
- WMNC / 1430 AM / Country
- WMNC / 92.1 FM / Country
- WHGW / 100.3 FM / Religious
- The Morganton News-Herald, the daily newspaper (circulation 12,000)
Colleges and universities
- Western Piedmont Community College
- Foothills Higher Education Center, occupied by Western Piedmont Community College’s Division of Continuing Education and serves as a satellite campus for certain courses of study offered by Appalachian State University, Lees-McRae College, and Western Carolina University.
- Freedom High School
- Robert Logan Patton High School
- Table Rock Middle School
- Liberty Middle School
- Walter R. Johnson Middle School
- Glen Alpine Elementary School
- Mountain Crest Elementary School
- Chesterfield Elementary School
- W. A. Young Elementary School
- Burke Alternative School
- College Street Academy
- Salem Elementary School
- Forest Hill Elementary School
- Oak Hill Elementary School
- Burke Middle College
- Tabernacle Christian School
- First Baptist PreSchool And Afterschool
- Morganton Day School
- Silver Creek Sda School
- Etta Baker, guitarist and singer of the Piedmont Blues.
- Johnny Bristol, musician and Motown producer.
- Tod Robinson Caldwell, Governor of North Carolina, 1871-1874
- Joe Cheves, professional golfer and member of the North Carolina Sports Hall of Fame
- Sam Ervin, NC US Senator, 1954-1974, Joseph McCarthy hearings, Watergate hearings
- Alfreda Gerald, vocalist, recording artist.
- Leon Johnson, former NFL running back
- Bill Leslie, TV anchor WRAL News, New Age recording artist.
- Billy Joe Patton, amateur golfer who almost won the 1954 Masters Tournament, member of the North Carolina Sports Hall of Fame
- Frankie Silver, the first woman hanged in North Carolina
- Aaron Ramsey, mandolin and singer for bluegrass band Mountain Heart
- Paige Summers, Penthouse 1998 Pet of the Year
Synthron plant explosion
On January 31, 2006 an explosion occurred at Synthron Inc, a paint additive chemical manufacturer's plant in Morganton. Workers at Synthron reported hearing a loud hiss minutes before the explosion. Most were able to escape the building before the blast, but even some who were outside were thrown as far as 20 feet. The explosion was heard and felt as far away as 50 miles.
On the day of the explosion, operations appeared normal until after the steam was turned off and the polymer initiating solution was pumped into the reactor. The operator in charge noted that initially the reaction did not proceed as vigorously as expected, but later the solvent evaporated and the condensed solvent flow returning to the reactor appeared within normal range. A few minutes later, the operator heard a loud hissing and saw vapor venting from the reactor manway. The irritating vapor forced him out of the building. Three other employees also left the building because of the vapors. The operator then reentered the building wearing a respirator and was able to start emergency cooling water flow to the reactor. The building exploded less than 30 seconds after he exited the second time. The US Chemical Safety Board (CSB) stated that the solvent vapor leaked from the overheated and over-pressurised process reactor, forming a flammable vapour cloud inside the building that ignited.
In the end, 14 people were injured in the blast, of whom one man later died. In addition, at least 300 fish died due to chemicals leaking into a creek behind the Synthron plant which leads into the Catawba River.
Joara archeological site
The oldest known European inland (non-coastal) settlement in the United States has been identified at Joara, a former Mississippian culture village near Morganton. Fort San Juan, built there by Spanish explorers in 1567 and occupied for 18 months, is being excavated.
- Quaker Meadows Golf Course
- Mimosa Hills Golf and Country Club
- Silver Creek Plantation
- Mimosa 7, a movie theater operated by Marquee Cinemas
- City of Morganton Municipal Auditorium (CoMMA), a public auditorium that hosts plays, musicals, graduations, and other cultural and public events.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (December 2011)|
Morganton is the setting for the Jules Verne novel The Master of the World. The book provides a description of the town when Verne visited it in the 19th century. In the Verne novel, Morganton is the place where people see the great machine that can travel four different ways (air, above water, below water, and land). They first spot the machine over a mountain referred to as "the Great Eyrie" in Morganton. The mountain is described as a flat-topped mountain, which most local residents believe stands for Table Rock.
Morganton is also mentioned several times in John Ehle's novel The Land Breakers, where it is identified as the nearest established settlement at the time and the one that the characters of the novel go to for supplies.
Morganton and surrounding areas including Charlotte, Marion, Asheville, and Black Mountain (where the book is based) are also mentioned in the fictional book, "One Second After" by William R. Forstchen where it talks about the state mental hospital.
Leon Fink's history The Maya of Morganton: Work and Community in the Nuevo New South provides an account of the efforts of Guatemalan-born workers in Morganton to organize a union at the Case Farms poultry plant during the 1990s. As Fink argues, the plight of immigrant workers in Morganton is emblematic of how labor and factory work have changed in the "Nuevo" South, and the relationship between globalization and the creation of new immigrant communities in the US.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- North Carolina History Project"
- Constance E. Richards, "Contact and Conflict", American Archaeologist, Spring 2008, accessed 26 Jun 2009
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Etta Baker, 93, Blues Guitarist, Dies". New York Times. September 26, 2006.
- "Spain Makes a Stand", Smithsonian Magazine, March 2006. Accessed 2007-08-02.
- "Joara and Fort San Juan", Antiquity, March 2004.
- Archaeological site, Warren Wilson College
- Gerald W. Sweitzer and Kathy Fields, The 50 Best Small Southern Towns, Atlanta: Peachtree Publishing Co., 2001 (ISBN 1-56145-253-X)