Morgantown, West Virginia

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City of Morgantown, West Virginia
City
Downtown Morgantown from Fife Avenue
Downtown Morgantown from Fife Avenue
Official seal of City of Morgantown, West Virginia
Seal
Motto: Regina Monongahelae — Vestigia Nulla Retrorsum[1]
Location in Monongalia County in the State of West Virginia
Location in Monongalia County in the State of West Virginia
Coordinates: 39°38′1″N 79°57′2″W / 39.63361°N 79.95056°W / 39.63361; -79.95056Coordinates: 39°38′1″N 79°57′2″W / 39.63361°N 79.95056°W / 39.63361; -79.95056
Country United States
State West Virginia
County Monongalia
Settled 1772
Incorporated 1838
Government
 • Type City Manager / Council
 • Mayor Jennifer Selin
 • City Manager Jeff Mikorski
 • City Council
Area[2]
 • City 10.62 sq mi (27.51 km2)
 • Land 10.17 sq mi (26.34 km2)
 • Water 0.45 sq mi (1.17 km2)  4.24%
Elevation 960 ft (293 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • City 29,660
 • Estimate (2013[4]) 30,666
 • Density 2,916.4/sq mi (1,126.0/km2)
 • Urban 70,350 (US: 393th)
 • Metro 136,133 (US: 294th)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 26501-26508
Area code(s) 304, 681 (effective March, 2009)
FIPS code 54-55756
GNIS feature ID 1555161[5]
Website www.morgantown.com

Morgantown is a city in and the county seat of Monongalia County, West Virginia. Situated along the banks of the Monongahela River, Morgantown is the largest city in North-Central West Virginia, and the base of the Morgantown metropolitan area. It has a permanent population of 29,660 per the 2010 census, with West Virginia University adding several thousand seasonal residents to the city and surrounding area from September through May. Morgantown is best known as the home of both West Virginia University and the one-of-a-kind Morgantown Personal Rapid Transit system.

History[edit]

Lunch time for two boys employed at the Economy Glass Works in Morgantown, 1908. Photo by Lewis Hine.
Historic warehouse in Wharf District, converted to restaurant during late-1990s/early-2000s riverfront refurbishing

Morgantown is closely tied to the Anglo-French struggle for this territory. Until the Treaty of Paris in 1763, what is now known as Morgantown was greatly contested among settlers and Native Americans, as well as the British and the French. The treaty decided the issue in favor of the British, but Indian fighting continued almost to the beginning of the American Revolution.

Zackquill Morgan, son of Morgan Morgan, and his brother David entered the area of Virginia that would become Morgantown in about 1767, although others such as Thomas Decker are recorded as attempting settlements in the area earlier or at about the same time. As well, several forts were built in the area during this time: Fort Pierpont near the Cheat River, in 1769; Fort Coburn, near Dorsey's Knob, in 1770. Fort Morgan, at the present site of Morgantown, in 1772; Fort Dinwiddle, north several miles at Stewartstown, in 1772; Fort Martin, several miles north on the Monongahela River, in 1773; Fort Burris in the present-day Suncrest area of Morgantown, in 1774; and Fort Kern in the present-day Greenmont area of Morgantown, in 1774, in addition to other, smaller forts.

Zackquill Morgan settled the area about 1772 by establishing a homestead near present-day Fayette Street and University Avenue. Morgan fought in both the French and Indian War and the American Revolutionary War, rising to the rank of colonel. By 1783, following his wartime duties, Colonel Morgan commissioned Major William Haymond to survey his land and divide it into streets and lots. Colonel Morgan then received a legal certificate for 400 acres (1.6 km2) in the area of his settlement near the mouth of Decker's Creek. 50 acres (200,000 m2) were appropriated for Morgan's Town by the Virginia General Assembly in October 1785. On February 3, 1838, the Virginia General Assembly enacted a municipal charter incorporating the city, now with a population of about 700, as Morgantown, Virginia. The town became part of the newly created state of West Virginia on June 20, 1863, through the Reorganized Government of Virginia.

Early structures[edit]

Notable early structures still standing in Morgantown as of 2012 include the Old Stone House, built in 1795 by Jacob Nuce on Long Alley (the modern-day Chestnut Street)[6] and the John Rogers family home on Foundry Street, built in 1840 and occupied as of 2011 by the Dering Funeral Home.[7]

Personal Rapid Transit System[edit]

During the 1970s, the U.S. Department of Transportation built an experimental personal rapid transit system in the city, citing the area's variable seasonal climates and geographic elevations as factors in testing the technology's viability. The Morgantown Personal Rapid Transit (PRT) has been in use since 1975. University students use the system for free to travel between the spread-out campuses.

Geography[edit]

Morgantown is located at 39°38′1″N 79°57′2″W / 39.63361°N 79.95056°W / 39.63361; -79.95056 (39.633696, −79.950670)[8]. The city is located 75 miles (121 km) south of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 208 mi (335 km) north-northwest of Washington, D.C., 204 mi (328 km) east of Columbus, Ohio, and 156 mi (251 km) northeast of Charleston, West Virginia. Morgantown is just south of the Mason-Dixon Line.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.62 square miles (27.51 km2), of which, 10.17 square miles (26.34 km2) is land and 0.45 square miles (1.17 km2) is water.[2]

Climate[edit]

Morgantown lies in the transition between a humid subtropical (Köppen Cfa) and humid continental climate (Köppen Dfa), with four distinct seasons. Winters are cool to cold with a January daily mean temperature of 31.3 °F (−0.4 °C), an average seasonal snowfall of 21.0 inches (53 cm) and 1.7 nights of sub-0 °F (−18 °C) readings. Summers are hot and humid with a July daily mean temperature of 73.2 °F (22.9 °C) and 12 days of 90 °F (32 °C)+ highs annually. Precipitation is generous, with winter being the driest period and May through July the wettest. Extreme temperatures range from −20 °F (−29 °C) on January 16, 1972, up to 108 °F (42 °C) on July 25, 1892, although, as of 2013, 100 °F (38 °C)+ temperatures have only been recorded nine times since record-keeping began in 1877, five of which occurred in 1892 alone.

Climate data for Morgantown, West Virginia (Morgantown Municipal Airport), 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1877–present[a]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 76
(24)
77
(25)
86
(30)
92
(33)
95
(35)
98
(37)
108
(42)
99
(37)
102
(39)
98
(37)
83
(28)
77
(25)
108
(42)
Average high °F (°C) 39.0
(3.9)
42.9
(6.1)
52.0
(11.1)
63.9
(17.7)
72.1
(22.3)
80.0
(26.7)
83.4
(28.6)
82.3
(27.9)
75.7
(24.3)
64.7
(18.2)
53.6
(12)
42.4
(5.8)
62.7
(17.1)
Average low °F (°C) 23.7
(−4.6)
25.5
(−3.6)
32.2
(0.1)
41.6
(5.3)
50.2
(10.1)
58.7
(14.8)
62.9
(17.2)
61.7
(16.5)
54.7
(12.6)
43.8
(6.6)
36.1
(2.3)
27.2
(−2.7)
43.2
(6.2)
Record low °F (°C) −20
(−29)
−10
(−23)
1
(−17)
14
(−10)
25
(−4)
30
(−1)
41
(5)
38
(3)
30
(−1)
17
(−8)
3
(−16)
−13
(−25)
−20
(−29)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.81
(71.4)
2.60
(66)
3.65
(92.7)
3.52
(89.4)
4.61
(117.1)
4.11
(104.4)
4.62
(117.3)
3.55
(90.2)
3.21
(81.5)
2.78
(70.6)
3.46
(87.9)
2.91
(73.9)
41.83
(1,062.5)
Snowfall inches (cm) 9.1
(23.1)
5.5
(14)
7.0
(17.8)
1.0
(2.5)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
1.1
(2.8)
3.8
(9.7)
27.6
(70.1)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 15.2 12.3 13.9 13.4 14.0 12.6 11.7 10.1 9.9 10.6 12.4 13.7 149.8
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 6.1 4.3 3.3 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 1.1 3.5 18.8
Source: NOAA[9][10]

Neighborhoods[edit]

Morgantown from the west side of the Monongahela River

Morgantown is made up of several neighborhoods, some of which were previously independent towns that were annexed by the city as it continued to grow. Neighborhoods include First Ward, Woodburn, South Park, Jerome Park, South Hills, Second Ward, Greenmont, Suncrest, Evansdale, Wiles Hill, Sunnyside, Sabraton, the Mileground, and North Hills. While some of these, such as the Mileground, Easton, and Sabraton, are in part or entirely outside the city limits, they are still considered part of Morgantown. The Morgantown MSA contains roughly 117,000[citation needed] permanent residents, including over 30,000[11] full-time students at West Virginia University.

Suncrest[edit]

Fort Burris was erected in 1774 in what became the Suncrest area of Morgantown. The fort was a settler's blockhouse located in what as of 2010 is the Summers Masonic Lodge at the intersection of Burroughs and Windsor streets.

During 1885-1888, the land in the Evansdale/Suncrest area was agricultural, with farms of 400–1,000 acres (1.6–4.0 km2). Drummond's Chapel was named after a minister who then moved to Missouri. The Evans Farm was located on land near Riverview Drive and 8th Street and was named for Colonel John Evans, who fought in the American Revolution with Morgantown founder Zack Morgan. The Krepps farmhouse was located on land where the West Virginia University Creative Arts Center, Engineering and Agricultural buildings would later be built. Dilley Farm was located on the other side of 8th street. The Van Voorhis Farm was large. Down Collins Ferry Road was the Anderson Farm. The Jacobs Farm was below Elmhurst and Mulberry.

Trolley cars determined how far people lived outside of the city, and did not reach to what is now Suncrest. By 1920, however, cars were becoming common.

In 1923, the Monongahela Development Company bought land from Krepps and most others else in the area. Suncrest Park bought Sears Roebuck house plans and divided Suncrest into three areas: Fairfield Street, Suncrest Park and Suncrest. No African-Americans, Jews or immigrants were permitted to buy land there. In 1928, the Suncrest Home Association developers gave 30 acres (120,000 m2) for what became Krepps Park. A civic group built facilities and the park was given to Morgantown, which made some improvements.

By 1937, Suncrest needed a town government to pave streets and provide water and sewer. Dr. Julian Leach, a WVU plant pathologist, was elected mayor; Bill Hart was a later mayor. Suncrest finally became part of Morgantown. In 1940 the Dupont industrial park around the Kenmore Street area built 100 homes with six different floor plans. From 1947 to 1950, Gunnison homes were built in the Mulberry and Lake Street areas. The development of the DuPont Ordnance Works during World War II in Westover resulted in a large number of prefabricated homes being constructed in Suncrest. Old Suncrest and Suncrest Addition were among the names given to various subsections of this growing community. The names of some streets reflected the community’s participation in various service organizations, such as Civitan, Kiwanis, Lions and Rotary. Before Suncrest became part of Morgantown in 1949, it had first been incorporated in 1937 as the town of Suncrest; the name came from a developer who looked out one morning and saw the sun crest over a hill.

The area from University Avenue to the university's medical school held a racetrack at one point. When there was talk of building a medical school in West Virginia, Charleston and Huntington vied for it, but Morgantown offered to give 60 acres (240,000 m2) and provide a county hospital. A cemetery with 200 graves near what is now Ruby Memorial Hospital had to be relocated to the West Run area. Around 1928, there was an airport near where the West Virginia University Coliseum was later built.

Suncrest students attend three or four schools throughout their K-12 education, starting at Suncrest Primary School or North Elementary School, Suncrest Middle School and Morgantown High School depending on where they live.

In 2000, the White House Millennium Council designated Suncrest as a Millennium Community.[citation needed]

Sunnyside[edit]

Sunnyside, located just north of downtown Morgantown, is an older neighborhood adjacent to West Virginia University's downtown campus. The neighborhood is bounded by University Avenue to the east and Campus Drive to the south. Close to the downtown campus of West Virginia University and for decades known as a neighborhood of student housing, is also the scene of many off-campus parties and post-game celebrations including, until 1995,[12] to the unsanctioned annual back-to-school block party that would annually draw upward of 10,000 revelers to celebrate the start of fall classes.[13] The university and city put an end to the tradition that year[12] after two students, Monica Potter of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and Jason Callahan of Pennsauken, New Jersey, were shot in the leg the previous year.[14]

The City of Morgantown and West Virginia University jointly establish the Sunnyside Up Project: Campus Neighborhoods Revitalization Corporation, dedicated to the redevelopment of this area. The first step was to create a comprehensive revitalization plan, which was published in fall 2004.[15]

The University's Summit Hall Dormitory and the Honors Hall Dormitory are located in the southern part of the neighborhood.

First Ward[edit]

First Ward is located south of High Street in Morgantown. First Ward Elementary School was formerly located there; however, it was demolished and the playground area converted to Jack Roberts Park, one of two parks in the area along with White Park. Both include recreational facilities. The city's reservoir is in this neighborhood and sports several biking and hiking trails on almost all sides. The Mountaineer Mall, Morgantown's first mall, is located here, as are South Middle School and the Monongalia County Technical Education Center. The Wharf District is located along the west side of First Ward, on the banks of the Monongahela River.

South Park[edit]

South Park is across Deckers Creek from downtown Morgantown. Originally farmland, it was one of the first suburbs of Morgantown. In the early 20th century, South Park saw a housing boom, with wealthy and influential citizens settling there. The neighborhood is home to Morgantown High School, built in 1924 and recently expanded. The neighborhood is designated a historic district by the National Register of Historic Places.

Woodburn[edit]

Woodburn was originally farmland on the hills to the east of downtown Morgantown. It encompasses the area enclosed by Richwood Avenue in the south and Willey Street in the north. Monongalia Avenue serves as the western boundary and the eastern boundary begins in the south at the intersection of Richwood Avenue and Darst Street, and continues north until Darst intersects with Willey Street at the beginning of the Mileground.

While originally home to small hillside farmsteads, Woodburn in the late 19th century grew into a typical city neighborhood. Many of the street names, such as Louise Avenue, James Street, and Ridgeway Avenue, are named for early farm families, and many of the original farmhouses remain standing in the first decade of the 21st century. The area saw a rapid growth in population at the beginning of the 20th century as home to tinsmiths from Wales who came to work in the tinplate mill that later became the Sterling Faucet plant in Sabraton. A trolley line ran the length of Richwood Avenue and originally connected downtown with Sabraton. The Welsh community was active in the Methodist Church at the intersection of High Street and Willey Street, and held picnics in Whitmore Park, the main green space in Woodburn.[16] Many of these immigrants retained the Welsh language, and as late as the 1930s it was common to hear Welsh spoken on the streets of Woodburn and the community was known for carrying on a traditional eisteddfod every year. Woodburn Elementary School was the neighborhood school built in 1910.

Following World War II, many new families came to Woodburn, attracted by the parkland, close proximity to downtown, community atmosphere, and nearby school. Actor David Selby spent his childhood living in Woodburn.[citation needed] In 1950, Tom and Anna Torch opened the Richwood Avenue Confectionery, a corner store and lunch counter that served beer in large Weiss goblets from the Morgantown Glassworks. When they sold the operation in 1963 to Mario and Rose Spina, the establishment was nicknamed "Marios Fishbowl" in honor of the goblets.

A neighborhood newspaper was published here in the 1980s.

Jerome Park[edit]

Primarily residential, Jerome Park is located to the east of Woodburn. In June 2012, the city approved the purchase of 2.056 acres that includes the old Jerome Park Elementary School playground, and named this expanded park the Paul Preserve. The neighborhood also contains Whitemoore Park.

Sabraton[edit]

The site of the former tinplate mill that later became the Sterling Faucet plant, this neighborhood in its early days was connected to downtown Morgantown by a trolley line that ran the length of Richwood Avenue. Its amenities include the recreation area Marilla Park.[17]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 741
1870 797 7.6%
1880 745 −6.5%
1890 1,011 35.7%
1900 1,895 87.4%
1910 9,150 382.8%
1920 12,127 32.5%
1930 16,186 33.5%
1940 16,655 2.9%
1950 25,525 53.3%
1960 22,487 −11.9%
1970 29,431 30.9%
1980 27,605 −6.2%
1990 25,879 −6.3%
2000 26,809 3.6%
2010 29,660 10.6%
Est. 2013 30,666 3.4%
Sources: 1900-2010[18]
U.S. Decennial Census[19]
2013 Estimate[20]

Following Census 2010, Monongalia County (with county seat Morgantown) and neighboring Preston County were acknowledged as a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) by the United States government. Estimates from 2010 put the Metropolitan Statistical Area population at 129,709; as of July 2013, the estimate was 136,133. Of the 10 largest cities in West Virginia, only Morgantown and Martinsburg have shown positive population growth since the 2010 census, with Morgantown growing from 29,660 to a 2012 estimate of 31,000.[21]

West Virginia University constitutes 913 acres (3.69 km2) of the city and vicinity, and with the fall 2012 enrollment added an additional population of 29,707 students.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Morgantown has amongst the lowest unemployment rates in the United States as of early 2009.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 29,660 people, 11,701 households, and 3,827 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,916.4 inhabitants per square mile (1,126.0 /km2). There were 12,664 housing units at an average density of 1,245.2 per square mile (480.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89.7% White, 4.1% African American, 0.1% Native American, 3.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.6% of the population.

There were 11,701 households of which 12.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 23.1% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 67.3% were non-families. 36.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.05 and the average family size was 2.71.

The median age in the city was 22.6 years. 8.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 52.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 18.4% were from 25 to 44; 13.1% were from 45 to 64; and 8.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 53.5% male and 46.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 26,809 people, 10,782 households, and 4,183 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,736.0 people per square mile (1,056.2/km²). There were 11,721 housing units at an average density of 1,196.2 per square mile (461.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 89.48% White, 4.15% African American, 0.17% Native American, 4.15% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, and 1.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.54% of the population.

There were 10,782 households out of which 15.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.1% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 61.2% were non-families. 37.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.08 and the average family size was 2.76.

Morgantown's age distribution, which is heavily influenced by the presence of West Virginia University, is: 11.1% under the age of 18, 44.7% from 18 to 24, 20.4% from 25 to 44, 13.5% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females there were 104.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $20,649, and the median income for a family was $44,622. Males had a median income of $33,268 versus $24,944 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,459. About 15.0% of families and 38.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.3% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture[edit]

Points of interest[edit]

Education[edit]

The city is served by Monongalia County Schools. Public elementary schools in Morgantown and its surrounding area include Cheat Lake, North, Brookhaven, Ridgedale, Mountainview, Mylan Park, and Skyview. There are four middle schools: Mountaineer Middle, South, Westwood, and Suncrest.[26] The city's two high schools are University High School, the mascot of which is the Hawks, and Morgantown High School, whose mascot is the Mohigans. The latter's name is that of a non-existent Native American tribe whose name is a combination of the words Morgantown (MO) High (HIG) Annual (AN), which was the school's yearbook. The Native American mascot and logo were adopted because of the close relation to the name Mohican, a real Native American tribe.[27] Notable Morgantown High School alumni include screenwriter-film director Lawrence Kasdan (class of 1966), actor Don Knotts (class of 1942), college football coach Tommy Bowden (class of 1972), and TV college football analyst Terry Bowden (class of 1974).

As of April 2005, Monongalia County Schools employs 897 professional personnel and 490 service personnel, and carries an enrollment of 10,076 students, including 156 adult students at the Monongalia County Technical Education Center. Three of Monongalia County's 23 schools have earned Exemplary Achievement status, according to the West Virginia Office of Educational Performance Audits' (OEPA) report issued November 2004. In 2004, Suncrest Middle became a National Blue Ribbon School for the No Child Left Behind Act.

Other private schools include: Covenant Christian School, Maranatha Christian Academy, Morgantown Christian Academy, Trinity Christian School, St. Francis Elementary/Middle School, and the alternative, non-religious Morgantown Learning Academy.

Early schools[edit]

While informal schools existed from Morgantown's earliest days,[28] the town established a one-story, coeducational, Virginia common school in July 1803, that students attended on a tuition basis.[29] On Nov. 29, 1814, the Virginia General Assembly incorporated Monongalia Academy, the county's first public school.[30] Supported by obligatory surveyors' fees, the male-only institution was the equivalent of a modern-day high school.[31] The Academy moved to a new two-story building in 1830, with principal Jonathan Haddock offering courses in geography, surveying, and navigation in addition to traditional subjects. Presbyterian minister Reverend James Robertson Moore was principal during the Academy's 1852-1864 heyday, when its enrollment included students from 14 states.[32] In 1867, the Academy closed, and donated its land toward the establishment of West Virginia University.

The Virginia Assembly in March 1831 authorized the creation of the Morgantown Female Academy. Proceeds from the sale of the original Monongalia Academy building funded construction of a two-story school at Bumbo Lane (the modern-day Fayette Street) and Long Alley (the modern-day Chestnut Street). This school opened April 1, 1834.[33] After the Assembly approved a charter change in 1838, the school became known as the Methodist Academy.[34] This prompted local Presbyterians to create the Woodburn Female Seminary, for which the Monongalia Academy's Rev. Moore also served as principal. The seminary closed in 1866, and its assets, like those of the Monongalia Academy, were donated toward the future university.

Following the 1863 creation of West Virginia, the new state's first legislature created a public-school system. The act provided for the education of "free colored children", and was adapted three years later to mandate education for all African-American children. However, a two-tier system was created: White children attended a regular term (at the second former Monongalia Academy building, purchased in 1867 from West Virginia Agricultural College, the future West Virginia University), only a short term was provided for African-Americans, who met at St. Paul's African Methodist Episcopal Church, on Beechurst Avenue.[35]

Roman Catholic schools[edit]

St. Francis High School building, 2006

A Roman Catholic elementary school, Saint Francis de Sales, began sometime prior to 1915 as a two-room school in a house on McLane Avenue in the Seneca neighborhood, and run by lay teacher Miss Sterbutsal, who became Sister M. Isabelle of the Sisters of St. Joseph. In October 1915, the pastorate of Father Peter Flynn arranged for Ursuline nuns from Louisville, Kentucky, and in 1918, under principal Sister M. Isadore, the school moved to a new building on Beechurst Avenue, adjacent to St. Theresa's Church. On June 9, 1990, the grade school moved into the former St. Francis Central High School building,[36] and eventually into newly built facility at 41 Guthrie Lane.[37] Its mascot is the Falcon.[36] The Beechurst Avenue building was demolished in 2003.[citation needed]

St. Francis Central High School existed for several decades on Birch Street in the Evansdale neighborhood until that campus was taken over by the elementary school on June 9, 1990.[36] Its mascot was the Trojans,[citation needed] and its football field was named for Father Flynn.[citation needed] The West Virginia University Foundation purchased its building and land in July 2003, formally selling it to WVU for $11 million in August 2004, with the university then announcing it intended to use the football and adjacent baseball fields as intramural recreation area.[38] Through January 2006, the building housed the St. Francis middle and elementary schools.[citation needed]

West Virginia University (WVU)[edit]

Woodburn Circle at West Virginia University

WVU is a public land-grant university, founded in 1867. With an operating budget of approximately $654 million as of the mid-first decade of the 21st century, it also has $150 million annually in sponsored contracts and research grants conducted by faculty members.

Fall 2009 enrollment was 28,839, with students from all 55 state counties, 50 states plus the District of Columbia, and 89 other nations. 2008 Basic figures regarding the student body:

  • 59% residents, 41% nonresidents
  • 19,510 undergraduates
  • 6,541 graduate and professional students
  • 51% male, 49% female
  • 7% minorities
  • Students residing in University housing: approximately 5,535

The 2007-08 curriculum is supported by 14 colleges and schools offering 179 bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and professional degree programs in the arts and sciences; business and economics; creative arts; engineering and mineral resources; human resources and education; journalism; law; agriculture, forestry, and consumer sciences; dentistry; medicine; nursing; pharmacy; physical education; plus programs at Potomac State College.

Media[edit]

Print[edit]

Morgantown has two newspapers. The Dominion Post is a privately owned newspaper which is published daily. The university-owned and student-run college newspaper, The Daily Athenaeum, is published on weekdays while classes are in session, and is provided free of charge on campus and to many businesses around Morgantown.

There are also other local quasi-newspapers such as the Post Extra and the Morgantown Times, which typically feature a few local news stories and an abundance of advertisements. Both are free of charge and mass-mailed throughout the Morgantown area.

Television[edit]

Call sign Channel Description
KDKA-TV 2 CBS affiliate, Pittsburgh, Penn.
WTAE-TV 4 ABC affiliate, Pittsburgh, Penn.
WDTV 5 CBS affiliate, Bridgeport, W.Va.
WPXI 11 NBC affiliate, Pittsburgh, Penn.
WBOY 12 NBC affiliate, Clarksburg, WV
WQED 13 PBS station, Pittsburgh, Penn.
WPCW 19 CW Television Network affiliate, Pittsburgh, Penn.
WPMY 22 My Network TV affiliate, Pittsburgh, Penn.
WNPB 24 West Virginia Public Broadcasting, Morgantown, WV
WVFX 46 Fox affiliate, Clarksburg, WV
WPGH-TV 53 Fox affiliate, Pittsburgh, Penn.

Radio[edit]

Call sign Frequency Format Owner
WCLG 1300 AM Oldies/Classic Hits Bowers Broadcasting Corporation
WCLG 100.1 FM Active Rock Bowers Broadcasting Corporation
WAJR 1440 AM News/Talk West Virginia Radio Corporation
WVAQ 101.9 FM Contemporary Hit Radio West Virginia Radio Corporation
WWVU-FM 91.7 FM College Radio West Virginia University Board Of Governors
WGYE 102.7 FM Country Burbach Broadcasting Company
WZST 100.9 FM Adult Contemporary Spectrum Radio Group
WFGM-FM 93.1 FM Oldies West Virginia Radio Corporation
WKKW 97.9 FM Country West Virginia Radio Corporation
WVPM 90.9 FM Public radio West Virginia Educational Broadcasting Authority

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Airport[edit]

Morgantown Municipal Airport is one of West Virginia's few commercial airports. It is located approximately 3 miles (4.8 km) northeast of the downtown along U.S. Route 119.

Rail[edit]

The only active rail line near Morgantown is owned by Norfolk Southern with CSX trackage rights and serves a mine located northwest of Rivesville, West Virginia. Coal is the major commodity, with a train serving local chemical industries such as Tanner and Addivant (formerly Chemtura)[39] that require tank cars. These are trucked in and then loaded onto high side gondolas or bulkhead flat cars. Conrail was split by Norfolk Southern and CSX in 1999. CSX pays for half of the cost of maintenance for the line. CSX uses it mostly to bring trains from Grafton to load at Consol's Bailey Mine and for direct access to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

River[edit]

Morgantown relies heavily on the Monongahela River for shipping coal and other products. The river is fully navigable from its mouth at the Ohio River in Pittsburgh, past Morgantown upstream to Fairmont. Morgantown Lock and Dam, located in the southern part of the city, helps to provide a continuous pool heading upstream towards the Hildebrand Lock and Dam, and the Opekiska Lock and Dam. Point Marion Lock and Dam, the next downstream dam, is responsible for most of the river's pool in Morgantown.

Major roadways[edit]

Transit[edit]

Morgantown Personal Rapid Transit

Most of Morgantown is accessible by Mountain Line Transit Authority bus system.[40] Most service operates Monday-Saturday from 7 a.m. to 6 p.m. with a very limited service operating on Sunday during the WVU school year. MountainLine's Grey Line bus operates every day of the year between Clarksburg, West Virginia and Pittsburgh International Airport. Morgantown also has the Morgantown Personal Rapid Transit (PRT) system. The system has five stations (Walnut, Beechurst, Engineering, Towers, and Medical) covering 8.65 miles (13.9 km).

Utilities[edit]

Electric service is provided by Mon Power, natural gas services by Dominion Resources, and water and sewage by the Morgantown Utility Board.

Cable television and cable Internet are provided by Comcast Communications. Landline telephone and DSL services are offered by Frontier Communications (due to a recent acquisition from Verizon Communications[41][42][43]), with West Side Telecommunications telephone and DSL service available in some areas.

Trash pickup in the Morgantown area is provided by Republic Services. The City of Morgantown recently adopted a weekly recycling program, as part of the Clean Community Concept,[44] an initiative by the city government.

Notable people[edit]

Twin cities / sister cities[edit]

Morgantown is twinned with

Morgantown established Friendship City relations with Quanshan District, Xuzhou, Jiangsu, China, in 2012.[52]

In popular culture[edit]

WVU Student Section at Mountaineer Field

The cable television network MTV announced in October 2006, that it would tape an eight-episode reality TV series, Show Choir, following Morgantown High School's show choir, which performs songs in four-part harmony, with costumes and choreography, on a competitive circuit. The show was scheduled to premiere Spring 2007, but as of 2012 has yet to air.[53][54][55]

The Joni Mitchell song "Morning Morgantown" is popularly believed to be written about Morgantown, West Virginia.[56]

The 2006 film We Are Marshall has two brief scenes set in, but not filmed in, Morgantown.

Morgantown is the title and location of the second volume of Keith Maillard's quartet of novels, Difficulty at the Beginning. The town is also mentioned in other novels by Maillard, where it is placed near the fictitious town of Raysburg, West Virginia.

Awards[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Records kept intermittently from July 1877 to December 1892 and more regularly at Morgantown Municipal Airport since November 1945, although the National Weather Service had ceased measuring snowfall at this location in December 1999.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Polk's Morgantown (Monongalia County, W. Va.) City Directory 1957. R. L. Polk. 1957. p. 2. "Morgantown, county seat of Monongalia County, West Virginia, has inscribed in Latin on its city seal, 'Regina Monongahelae — Vestigia Nulla Retrorsum'" 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-24. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-24. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-07-08. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form(The Old Stone House)". West Virginia Division of Culture and History. Retrieved August 5, 2011. 
  7. ^ Wallace Venable; Norma Venable (2007). Around Morgantown. p. 15. Retrieved August 5, 2011. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ "NowData − NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  10. ^ "Station Name: WV MORGANTOWN HART FLD". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2014-05-06. 
  11. ^ "WVU enrollment rises as overall state enrollment decreases". WVU.edu. Retrieved 24 February 2013. 
  12. ^ a b "WVU's Back-To-School Party A Quieter Affair This Year". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. August 22, 1995. Retrieved 15 April 2013. 
  13. ^ Ahrens, Frank (Aug 21, 1997). "WVU, No. 1 in Fun? You Can Count Me Out". The Washington Post. Retrieved 15 April 2013. 
  14. ^ "2 WVU Students Shot at Unsactioned Party". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. August 24, 1994. Retrieved 15 April 2013. 
  15. ^ "Sunnyside Up Project: Campus Neighborhoods Revitalization Corporation". Morgantown.com. [dead link]
  16. ^ Boparc.org[dead link]
  17. ^ "Marilla Park". Morgantown Board of Park and Recreation Commissioners. Retrieved December 14, 2012. [dead link]
  18. ^ Dr. Robert Jay Dilger. "Monongalia County History". West Virginia University. Retrieved 28 November 2011. 
  19. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 5, 2013. 
  20. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  21. ^ "Morgantown, West Virginia". City-Data.com. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  22. ^ "Hazel Ruby-McQuain Riverfront Park". Board of Park and Recreation Commissioners. Archived from the original on August 7, 2011. 
  23. ^ . The Metropolitan Theatre (official site) http://www.webcitation.org/60lUil6oe. Archived from the original on August 7, 2011.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  24. ^ "Warner Theatre". CinemaTreasures.org. Archived from the original on August 2, 2011. 
  25. ^ "MonArtsCenter.com". MonArtsCenter.com. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  26. ^ "Middle Schools". Monongalia County Schools. Retrieved January 8, 2011. 
  27. ^ "Morgantown High School - Mohigan Facts - The Mohigan". 2004-03-18. Archived from the original on 2006-10-13. Retrieved 2006-12-15. 
  28. ^ Core, Earl L., The Monongalia Story: A Bicentennial History, Vol. 3: Discord (Parsons, W.Va., McClain Printing Co., 1979), p. 97
  29. ^ Ambler, Charles Henry. A History of Education in West Virginia from Early Colonial Times to 1949 (Huntington, W.Va., Standard Printing and Publishing Co., 1951), p. 2
  30. ^ Core, pp. 26-27
  31. ^ Core, p. 45
  32. ^ Core, p. 384
  33. ^ Core, p. 114
  34. ^ Core, p. 230
  35. ^ Core, pp. 54, 632
  36. ^ a b c "History". St Francis de Sales Central Catholic School. Archived from the original on June 6, 2007. 
  37. ^ Morgantown Times: "St. Francis de Sales Central Catholic School Dedication: Bishop Michael Bransfield to Bless New Building" (press release, no date)
  38. ^ WVU Today: (Sept. 2, 2004): "WVU board authorizes salary increase package, facility plans" (press release)
  39. ^ http://www.epa.gov/reg3wcmd/ca/wv/webpages/wvd980552384.html
  40. ^ "Busride.org". Busride.org. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  41. ^ [1][dead link]
  42. ^ Friday, July 23, 2010 12:00 am (2010-07-23). "Frontier takes over local Verizon lines - Journal-Courier: Local News". Myjournalcourier.com. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  43. ^ "Verizon Sells Huge Chunk Of Network To Frontier - $8.5 deal offloads swath of 'unprofitable' markets... | DSLReports.com, ISP Information". Dslreports.com. 2009-05-13. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  44. ^ "Recycling | City of Morgantown, WV". Retrieved 24 February 2013. 
  45. ^ Pinella, Bill (September 14, 2013). "Almost Heaven . . . San Diego - Sports - The Charleston Gazette - West Virginia News and Sports". Wvgazette.com. Retrieved September 19, 2013. 
  46. ^ Charlie Hickman at SABR Baseball Biography Project
  47. ^ "KINKAID, Moses Pierce, (1856 - 1922)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 19, 2012. 
  48. ^ "Brig. Gen. Jeffrey Sinclair pleads guilty to charges in sex case, March 6, 2014". British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved March 10, 2014. 
  49. ^ "Waitman T. Willey". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 22 October 2012. 
  50. ^ "Peter Franklin-White". News-Gazette.com. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  51. ^ "Morgantown Sister City". Retrieved 2012-08-16. 
  52. ^ "Sister City Commission: Morgantown’s Friendship City – Xuzhou, China". City of Morgantown (official site). Undated. Retrieved 2012-08-16. 
  53. ^ Reuters/Hollywood Reporter via Yahoo! (Oct. 4, 2006): "MTV to probe 'Underage' newlyweds, 'Show Choir'"
  54. ^ Hills, Lauren (May 25, 2006). "Lights, Camera, Action at MHS!". WBOY.com. Archived from the original on December 7, 2008. 
  55. ^ Reckart, Judy (June 6, 2006). "Acting 'Wicked' Works for MHS Troupe". Monongalia County Schools. Archived from the original on August 7, 2011. 
  56. ^ Haddock, Doris (January 8, 2000). "The Efficacy of Sacrifice-Based Protest" Doris Haddock's Remarks in Morgantown, West Virginia". Doris Haddock for Senate. Archived from the original on February 21, 2005. 
  57. ^ Forbes "Best Small Places For Business and Careers". Forbes.Com. April 14, 2010. Retrieved August 5, 2011. 
  58. ^ Danielle Lipp (September 13, 2010). "America's Top College Football Towns". Frommer's Budget Travel Magazine. Retrieved August 5, 2011. 
  59. ^ "Best Small Places For Business And Careers". Forbes.Com. March 25, 2009. Retrieved August 5, 2011. 
  60. ^ "Best (and Worst) Walking Cities in America". APMA. 2008. Retrieved August 7, 2011. [dead link]
  61. ^ "2008 Best Walking Cities (Overall Rankings)". APMA. Retrieved August 7, 2011. [dead link]
  62. ^ "Dozen Distinctive Destinations (Morgantown, WV)". 2007. Retrieved August 5, 2011. [dead link]
  63. ^ "Best Small Places For Business And Careers". Forbes.Com. April 5, 2007. Retrieved August 5, 2011. 
  64. ^ "Best Small Places (Morgantown WV)". Forbes.Com. May 2006. Retrieved August 5, 2011. 

Further reading[edit]

  • History of the Making of Morgantown, West Virginia, by Callahan, James Morton (Morgantown, W.Va., West Virginia University, 1926)
  • Morgantown a Bicentennial History, by West Virginia University Public History Option for the Morgantown Bicentennial Commission (Morgantown, W.Va., Monongalia Historical Society, 1985)

External links[edit]