Morges Castle

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Morges Castle
Morges Castle and Military Museum of Vaud
Weapons and armor from the Military Museum
A Mitrailleuse gatling gun from the Military Museum

Morges Castle (French: Château de Morges) is a medieval castle in the Swiss municipality of Morges in the canton of Vaud. It is a Swiss heritage site of national significance.[1]

History[edit]

In 1286, Louis of Savoy founded a city in a pasture where a gallows previously stood. A castle was built to protect the city, which quickly developed into an administrative and market center as well as a hub for transporting goods by land and sea.[2]

The castle in the south of the town square was built with a square floor plan and four round corner towers. It resembles the castle of Yverdon, which may have served as a model for Morges Castle. One of the round towers, larger than the others, served as the main tower. The raised courtyard was covered during the Middle Ages by casemates, which were first mentioned in 1340. On the lake side, outside the castle walls, there was a fortified kitchen. This kitchen, which was unique in Switzerland, was attached to the exterior of the castle walls.[2] In 1363 the kitchen was rebuilt. Following the conquest of Vaud by Bern, the roof of the kitchen became a firing platform and was later converted into an observation deck.[2]

The city and castle were plundered in 1475 and again in 1530. After the conquest of Vaud in 1536 by Bern, Morges became the center of a bailiwick in 1539. The castle was at that time in a deplorable condition. The new owners had the upper half of the fortifications rebuilt in the 1540s to suit the needs of artillery. Since Morges had not surrendered quickly enough to Bern, the city gates were demolished. The gate houses remained until 1769 and 1803, when they were finally destroyed.[3]

The castle, which became the cantonal armory in 1803, was expanded in 1836-39 with some utility buildings and damaged in an explosion in 1871. Starting in 1925, it housed the Vaud Military Museum.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kantonsliste A-Objekte". KGS Inventar (in German). Federal Office of Civil Protection. 2009. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c Morges - The Middle Ages in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  3. ^ Morges - Early Modern Era in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ Morges - 19th and 20th Century in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°30′24″N 6°29′47″E / 46.50667°N 6.49639°E / 46.50667; 6.49639