Moritz Richard Schomburgk

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Moritz Richard Schomburgk (5 October 1811 – 24 March 1891),[1] generally known as Richard Schomburgk, was a German botanist and curator of the Adelaide Botanic Garden.

Schomburgk was born in Freyburg, Saxony, the son of Johann Friedrich Ludwig Schomburgk (a Lutheran minister in Thuringia),[2] and his wife Christiane Juliane Wilhelmine, née Krippendorf.[1] Schomburgk studied botany at Berlin and in the Royal Gardens at Potsdam.[2] In 1844 he went on the Prussian-British expedition to British Guiana and Brazil, led by his brother Robert. He collected for the Museum of the University of Berlin. After the political turmoil in Europe in 1848, he emigrated to Gawler, South Australia. In 1865, he became Director of the Adelaide Botanic Garden, a position he kept until his death and was succeeded by Maurice William Holtze. He wrote Versuch einer Zusammenstellung der Flora und Fauna von Britisch-Guiana (1848).

Schomburgk died in Adelaide, South Australia; he was survived by a son and four daughters.[1]

Family[edit]

His older brother, Sir Robert Hermann Schomburgk (5 June 1804 - 11 March 1865), carried out geographical, ethnological and botanical studies in South America and the West Indies (in which Moritz Richard participated) and also fulfilled diplomatic missions for Great Britain in the Dominican Republic and Thailand.

His brother Otto (28 August 1810 – 16 August 1857) emigrated to Australia with Moritz Richard.

His youngest brother, Julius Ludwig, (ca.1818 - 9 March 1893), was chief designer for noted Adelaide silversmith J. M. Wendt.

A son, Otto Schomburgk (ca.1858 – 1 September 1938), held several important posts such as Chief Probation Officer with the South Australian public service.[3] He married Ada Louise, daughter of Henry Downer

Further reading[edit]

  • "Robert Schomburgk and Richard Schomburgk," in Tom Taylor and Michael Taylor, Aves: A Survey of the Literature of Neotropical Ornithology, Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Libraries, 2011.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Middelmann, Raoul F. "Schomburgk, Moritz Richard (1811–1891)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 8 August 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Mennell, Philip (1892). "Wikisource link to Schomburgk, Richard Von". The Dictionary of Australasian Biography. London: Hutchinson & Co. Wikisource
  3. ^ "Former Sheriff Dies, Aged 80.". The Advertiser (Adelaide, S.A.: National Library of Australia). 1 September 1938. p. 18. Retrieved 9 August 2013. 
  4. ^ "Author Query for 'M.R.Schomb.'". International Plant Names Index. 
  • A.E.Orchard (1999) A History of Systematic Botany in Australia, in Flora of Australia Vol.1, 2nd ed., ABRS.
  • Walter E. Roth (ed. and trans.), Richard Schomburgk’s Travels in British Guiana 1840–1844, 2 vols (Georgetown: Daily Chronicle Office, 1922, 1923).