Map of Bataan showing the location of Morong
|Region||Central Luzon (Region III)|
|Legislative district||1st District of Bataan|
|• Mayor||Cynthia L. Estanislao (Liberal)|
|• Vice Mayor||Bienvenido V. Vicedo Jr. (Liberal)|
|• Total||219.20 km2 (84.63 sq mi)|
|• Density||120/km2 (310/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Income class||3rd class|
Morong is a third class municipality in the province of Bataan, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 26,171 people. It is home to the Subic Bay International Airport, the Bataan Nuclear Power Plant, and the former Philippine Refugee Processing Center. Morong was formerly known as Moron.
The municipality is accessible via the Bataan Provincial Expressway, off Exit 65.
Morong originally called Bayandati, was a small settlement located in Barrio Nagbalayong. Due to the scarcity of land available for cultivation, the early inhabitants migrated to adjacent areas where wider lands can be discovered. They found Poblacion, the present site where the Spaniards met the natives of Moron.
The name Moron was given during the 16th century. A group of Spaniards arrived and inquired from the natives the name of their place. The natives thought that the Spaniards were asking about the Moros who retreated after a severe fighting, so they replied, "Mga Moro umuurong" hence the place was called Moron. Moros was a reference to the first inhabitants who bartered their products in the 1500s. In 1578, it became part of Corrigimento de Mariveles together with Bagac and Maragondon, Cavite. But it was only in 1607 that Moron was officially founded as an ecclesiastical parish and as a pueblo including the Coral Stone Church by the Recollects and was officially founded by Fr. Rodrigo de San Miguel who placed it under the protection of the Our Lady of the Pillar. The Our Lady of the Pillar Parish of Morong, Bataan, erected in 1607 (one of the oldest seats of Catholic faith in the Philippines) originally orchestrated from the elements of the Gothic, Renaissance, and Baroque sources. It culminated its 400th Year foundation anniversary on October 12, 2007.
On 16 Jan 1942, Imperial Japanese Army and allied coalition of Filipino-American forces both raced to capture Morong. Imperial Japanese Army and Allied army reached the town around the same time, but the Allies had detected the Japanese first. Taking the opportunity for a surprise attack, Lieutenant Edwin Price Ramsey of the 26th Cavalry Regiment ordered his troops to charge forward, more than 20 American cavalry troops charged on their horses, dispersing Japanese troops. It was the last combat charge of horse-mounted American cavalry troops.
|Population census of Morong|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
- "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- "Province: BATAAN". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- "An Act Changing the Name of the Municipality of Moron, Province of Bataan, to Morong". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-11.
- "History of Morong, Bataan". http://visitmorong.com/. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
- Steve Shaw (4 September 2008). "The Last U.S. Cavalry Charge". Parting Shot. Western Shooting Horse Magazine. Retrieved 22 October 2009.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Morong, Bataan.|
||Subic Bay||Olongapo (Zambales)||Dinalupihan|
|South China Sea||Hermosa