Morosi's Mountain

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Moorosi's Mountain (also known historically as Morosi's Mountain) is situated on the banks of the Senqu or Orange River in Lesotho. Impregnable on three sides and accessible only on the fourth, the 1,500-foot-high mountain was the site of a war in southern Basutoland (modern Lesotho) in1879 that preceded the Gun War, also known as the Basuto War. The mountain was named after Moorosi, the king of the Baphuthi, who fortified the accessible side with stone walls and established a village on the flat mountain top, from where he defended his people against a series of attacks by the Cape Colony, which sought to take control of the land and its people. The dramatic full story of the war and the events that led up to it are told in the book: Moorosi: A South African king's battle for survival by Graham Fysh.

For actions during the siege three Victoria Crosses were awarded to colonial troops: Peter Brown, Edmund Hartley and Robert Scott.[1]


  1. ^ Tylden, Geoffrey (1936). "The capture of Morosi's Mountain, 1879". Journal of the Society for Army Historical Research 15 (208–15).