District location in Uganda
|Population (2010 Estimate)|
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
Moroto District is bordered by Kaabong District to the north, the Republic of Kenya to the east, by Amudat District to the south, Nakapiripirit District to the southwest, Napak District to the west and by Kotido District to the northwest. It lies on the foot of Mt. Moroto. The district headquarters at Moroto, are located approximately 210 kilometres (130 mi), by road, northeast of Mbale, the nearest large city. The coordinates of district are:02 32N, 34 40E.
Moroto District is part of the larger Karamoja sub-region which consists of: Abim District, Amudat District, Kaabong District, Kotido District, Moroto District, Nakapiripirit District and Napak District. In 2002, the population of Karamoja sub-region was estimated at approximately 800,000, by the national census conducted that year.
Moroto District is a plain covered by the Savannah grassland and some low lying rocky hills. It comprises three counties: Bokora County, Matheniko County and Moroto Municipality. It is inhabited by the Karimojong, a distinctive ethnic group that highly cherishes its traditions.
The district is a hub of mineral resources that are yet to be optimally exploited. There are about fifty (50) different minerals and precious stones in the Karamoja region. Of these, Moroto has gold, silver, copper, iron, titanium, manganese, niobium, tantalite and chrome. Other proven minerals include marble, mica, garnets, limestone and asbestos.
The 2002 national census estimated the population of the district, as constituted after July 2010, at about 77,250. It is estimated that the population of the district had grown to about 97,900 by 2010. See table below:;
|Moroto District Population Trends|
Subsistence crop and livestock agriculture form the backbone of Moroto District's economic backbone.  Crops raised include:
Recently, commercial cultivation of the Jatropha plant has begun in the region. The seed extract is used as a bio fuel to generate thermal electricity and to power motor engines for trucks and buses. Bee keeping is another activity that is gaining popularity.
Livestock kept includes: