Morpho helenor

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Helenor Morpho
Seitz2.jpg
Plate from Seitz. Top left are Morpho helenor limpidus Butler, 1872, from Costa Rica and Morpho helenor hyacinthus Butler, 1866, from Honduras.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Tribe: Morphini
Genus: Morpho
Species: M. helenor
Binomial name
Morpho helenor
(Cramer, 1776)
Subspecies

many, see text

The Helenor Morpho (Morpho helenor) is a Neotropical butterfly found in Panama, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Mexico, Surinam, French Guiana, Bolivia, Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Venezuela, Honduras, Guatemala, Paraguay, Brazil, Argentina and in Trinidad and Tobago. It is a species group which may be, or may not be several species. Many subspecies have been described.

Biology[edit]

The larvae are recorded as feeding on Genipa americana, Inga, Machaerium oblongifolium and Platymiscium (all records for ssp. achillaena (Hübner, [1823])

Morpho helenor helenor[edit]

Subspecies[edit]

Listed alphabetically.[1]

  • M. h. achillaena (Hübner, [1823])
  • M. h. achillides C. & R. Felder, 1867
  • M. h. anakreon Fruhstorfer, 1910
  • M. h. charapensis Le Moult & Réal, 1962
  • M. h. coelestis Butler, 1866
  • M. h. cortone Fruhstorfer, 1913
  • M. h. corydon Guenée, 1859
  • M. h. guerrerensis Le Moult & Réal, 1962
  • M. h. helenor (Cramer, 1776)
  • M. h. insularis Fruhstorfer, 1912
  • M. h. leontius C. & R. Felder, 1867
  • M. h. macrophthalmus Fruhstorfer, 1913
  • M. h. maculata Röber, 1903
  • M. h. marajoensis Le Moult & Réal, 1962
  • M. h. marinita Butler, 1872
  • M. h. montezuma Guenée, 1859
  • M. h. narcissus Staudinger, 1887
  • M. h. octavia Bates, 1864
  • M. h. papirius Hopffer, 1874
  • M. h. peleides Kollar, 1850
  • M. h. peleus Röber, 1903
  • M. h. pindarus Fruhstorfer, 1910
  • M. h. popilius Hopffer, 1874
  • M. h. rugitaeniatus Fruhstorfer, 1907
  • M. h. telamon Röber, 1903
  • M. h. theodorus Fruhstorfer, 1907
  • M. h. tucupita Le Moult, 1925
  • M. h. ululina Le Moult & Réal, 1962
  • M. h. violaceus Fruhstorfer, 1912
  • M. h. zonaras Fruhstorfer, 1912

References[edit]

  1. ^ M. helenor, funet.fi
  • Le Moult (E.) & Réal (P.) (1962-1963). Les Morpho d'Amérique du Sud et Centrale, Editions du cabinet entomologique E. Le Moult, Paris.
  • Paul Smart. (1976) The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World in Color. London, Salamander: Encyclopedie des papillons. Lausanne, Elsevier Sequoia (French language edition). ISBN 9780948427046 ISBN 0600313816 page 237 fig. 6 as hyacinthus (Mexico), fig. 8 as montezuma Guen, underside (Honduras), page 237 fig. 10 as achillaena f. violacea Fruhstorfer, underside (Brazil), fig. 11 as achillaena f. violacea Fruhstorfer, upperside (Brazil)

External links[edit]