Morpho rhetenor

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Blue Morpho Butterfly
Morpho rhetenor rhetenor MHNT dos.jpg
Museum specimen.Male.MHNT
Morpho rhetenor rhetenor MHNT ventre.jpg
Museum specimen.MaleMHNT
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Division: Rhopalocera
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Tribe: Morphini
Genus: Morpho
Species: M. rhetenor
Binomial name
Morpho rhetenor
(Cramer, 1775)

The Rhetenor Blue Morpho (Morpho rhetenor) is a Neotropical butterfly. It is found in Surinam, French Guiana, Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia and Venezuela.

Description[edit]

"M. rhetenor, already named by Cramer the "blue elongate Atlas butterfly", has the apex of the forewing more produced than any other Morphid species; a characteristic, however, that partially disappears in the female, which more resembles that of cypris. The male is one of the most brilliantly glossy species and has only a quite inconsiderable black apical spot and a white costal patch on the forewing. The under surface is noteworthy for the contrast between the black basal area and a brown distal region, which are separated by a median band of a more or less pure white and of varying extent according to the locality. Both wings beneath show brown rounded eye-spots entirely without white pupils." [1]

Sex difference[edit]

Morpho rhetenor is sexually dimorphic. The female (shown in the Seitz plate at centre left) is bigger than the bright blue male and has a dark-brown upper side with a lighter brown outer edge. There is a central yellow area tapering into a triangle and isolated patches as it crosses the fore wings and a separate chain of yellow spots crosses the fore wings and hind wings.

Biology[edit]

The larva feeds on Palmae and Macrolobium bifolium.

Behaviour[edit]

" [forma] eusebes Fruhst. inhabits the Amazon region, where Michael has observed it at Obidos in August and September, and Dr. Hahnel at Iquitos and Jurimaguas. According to Dr. Hahnel (Iris 1890, p. 235) eusebes always flies at a great height and energetically,mounting from 3 to 6 m. with an undulating flight, and can only occasionally be attracted to fly down on to wings of Morpho menelaus laid on the ground. The female settles on wet places on the banks of rivers (a habit which I also observed in M. anaxibia in Sta. Catharina). When disturbed they only fly away slowly, in contrast to the males.The males emit a smell of sulphur (Hahnel 1.c. p. 308)." [1]

Etymology[edit]

'Rhetenor' is a literary reference. In Ovid's Metamorphoses, Rhetenor was a companion of Diomedes.

Subspecies[edit]

  • Morpho rhetenor rhetenor
  • Morpho rhetenor cacica (Staudinger, 1876)
  • Morpho rhetenor helena (Staudinger, 1890)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Fruhstorfer, H., 1913. Family: Morphidae. In A. Seitz (editor),Macrolepidoptera of the world,vol. 5: 333–356. Stuttgart: Alfred Kernen.
  • Le Moult (E.) & Réal (P.), 1962-1963. Les Morpho d'Amérique du Sud et Centrale, Editions du cabinet entomologique E. Le Moult, Paris.
  • Paul Smart, 1976 The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World in Color.London, Salamander:Encyclopedie des papillons. Lausanne, Elsevier Sequoia (French language edition)ISBN 9780948427046 ISBN 0600313816 page 232 fig.1(Guyana) and page 233 fig.6 M. r. helena Staudinger, 1890, female (Peru) and fig. 10 M. r. helena male (Peru).

External links[edit]