Morris Iemma

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The Honourable
Morris Iemma
Morris Iemma cropped.jpg
40th Premier of New South Wales
Elections: 2007
In office
3 August 2005 – 5 September 2008
Deputy John Watkins (2005-2008)
Preceded by Bob Carr
Succeeded by Nathan Rees
Constituency Hurstville (1991–1999)
Lakemba (1999–2008)
Personal details
Born (1961-07-21) 21 July 1961 (age 53)
Sydney, New South Wales
Political party Australian Labor Party
Spouse(s) Santina Raiti
Alma mater University of Sydney
University of Technology, Sydney
Profession Union official and adviser
Religion Roman Catholicism

Morris Iemma (/ˈjɛmə/; born 21 July 1961) is a former Australian politician who was the 40th Premier of New South Wales, serving from 3 August 2005 to 5 September 2008. From Sydney, Iemma attended the University of Sydney and the University of Technology, Sydney. A member of the Labor Party, he was first elected to the Parliament of New South Wales at the 1991 state election, having previously worked as a trade union official. From 1999, Iemma was a minister in the third and fourth ministries led by Bob Carr. He replaced Carr as premier and Leader of the New South Wales Labor Party in 2005, following Carr's resignation. Iemma led Labor to victory at the 2007 state election, albeit with a slightly reduced majority. He resigned as premier in 2008, after losing the support of caucus, and left parliament shortly after, triggering a by-election. He was replaced as premier by Nathan Rees.

Background[edit]

Iemma was born in Sydney, the only child of Giuseppe and Maria Iemma, migrants from Martone, Calabria, Italy. Maria Iemma worked in the clothing trade, and Giuseppe Iemma, a communist[1][2] supporter in Italy, worked as a machine labourer. Morris joined the Australian Labor Party when he was 16. He was educated at state schools in Sydney, including the now-closed Narwee Boys' High School, and has an economics degree from the University of Sydney and a law degree from the University of Technology, Sydney.

In 1997 Iemma married Santina Raiti, with whom he has four young children.

Iemma is a member of the dominant right-wing faction of the New South Wales branch of the Australian Labor Party. From 1984 to 1986 he was an official with the Commonwealth Bank Employees Union. He then worked as an adviser to Senator Graham Richardson who held the environment and social security portfolios in the Bob Hawke and Paul Keating federal governments.

Parliamentary career[edit]

In 1991 Iemma was elected to the New South Wales Legislative Assembly for the seat of Hurstville,[3] defeating a sitting Liberal member, with the slogan "A local who listens". When the seat of Hurstville was abolished in 1999, he won a tough pre-selection battle for the safe seat of Lakemba, which included part of the old seat of Hurstville. Iemma held Lakemba until his resignation in 2008.[3]

Iemma was Minister for Public Works and Services and Minister Assisting the Premier on Citizenship (1999-2003), and as Minister for Sport and Recreation (2001-2003), and was Minister for Health (2003-2005).[4] His tenure as Health Minister was generally free of major controversy, although he has said of the Health portfolio: "it is one of the biggest and most difficult jobs in government".[4]

Premier[edit]

Morris Iemma following the Labor Party's victory at the 2007 state election.

First ministry[edit]

When Bob Carr announced his intention to retire as New South Wales Premier on 3 August 2005, Iemma immediately announced his candidacy to succeed him as leader of the NSW Labor Party and thus as Premier. Police Minister Carl Scully was also a candidate, but on 29 July he withdrew. Iemma was the only candidate when the Labor Caucus met on 2 August to elect a new leader. He was formally appointed by Professor Marie Bashir, the Governor of New South Wales, on 3 August.[5]

Iemma immediately faced a number of resignations. Deputy Premier and Treasurer Andrew Refshauge, and senior minister Craig Knowles, once considered a potential leader himself, both declared they would leave politics.[5] Iemma took the Treasury portfolio for himself. Among his first policy moves as new Premier, Iemma announced the immediate repealing of the vendor tax (a tax on investment property) that was introduced by the Carr government in 2003.

Opinion polls in August showed that Labor under Iemma's leadership was maintaining the lead over the Liberal opposition it had enjoyed under Carr, despite Iemma's relatively low profile.[5] His short-term position was improved by the sudden resignation of Liberal leader John Brogden. This was seen in the results of the by-elections on 17 September caused by the resignation from Parliament of Carr, Refshauge and Knowles.[5] Labor retained all three seats - Maroubra (Carr's seat) very easily, Macquarie Fields (Knowles's seat) comfortably, despite a substantial swing to the Liberals, and Marrickville (Refshauge's seat) despite a strong challenge from the Australian Greens. In Marrickville, where the Labor candidate was Education Minister Carmel Tebbutt (switching from the Legislative Council), the Labor primary vote increased in the absence of a Liberal Party candidate.[6]

Despite its relatively short term in office, the Iemma Government faced significant service delivery problems in transport, health care and future water supplies. Sydney newspapers consistently asserted that Iemma's government was more interested in "spin" than policy development.[7] Other embarrassments beset his premiership. For example, in February 2006, while awaiting the start of a COAG media conference in Canberra, while chatting to Victorian Premier Steve Bracks and not realising cameras were operating, Iemma was recorded as saying:

"Today? This fuckwit who's the new CEO of the Cross City Tunnel has ... been saying what controversy? There is no controversy."[8]

Nevertheless, in the months leading up to his first election as Labor leader, he maintained a comfortable lead in various opinion polls and was re-elected in the March 2007 election.[9] Labor was returned with 52 seats compared to 35 for the Coalition.

Second ministry[edit]

On 15 July 2007, after several failures on the NSW rail system, Iemma claimed that the government was at war with rail unions.[10] In November 2007 the Iemma government lifted the ban on genetically modified canola production and started the process of privatising the state's electricity system. On 3 May 2008 the New South Wales ALP's State Conference rejected, by 702 to 107 votes, the Iemma government's plans to privatise the state's electricity system.[11]

Resignation[edit]

On 5 September 2008, Iemma announced his resignation as Premier after losing the support of his caucus faction over the details of a proposed cabinet reshuffle sparked by the resignation of Deputy Premier John Watkins. Iemma had proposed that five other Ministers also depart, including Treasurer Michael Costa and Health Minister Reba Meagher. Iemma's faction, Centre Unity, supported the sacking of the Treasurer but not the other four Ministers. Faced with this rejection, Iemma resigned.[12] The caucus unanimously selected Nathan Rees as his Premier in his stead.[13]

Iemma resigned from parliament on 19 September 2008, ending his 17-year political career, and forcing a by-election in the seat of Lakemba.[14]

In May 2009, Iemma was admitted to hospital suffering from an acute brain inflammation—viral meningitis. As a result, he lost movement in his legs. He is undergoing physiotherapy with the goal of recovering their full use.[15] Since 1 January 2011 he has been chair of the South Eastern Sydney Local Health District Board.

Political comeback speculation[edit]

On 29 January 2013, there was speculation that Iemma was considering standing for the Division of Barton in the Australian House of Representatives for Labor at the 2013 federal election to replace former Attorney-General Robert McClelland who on that day announced that he would be retiring from parliament after 17 years.[16]

Iemma, however, decided not to contest the preselection in Barton,[17] and the preselection instead went to Steve McMahon.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Marr, David (17 March 2007). "Suburban son rises". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 18 March 2007. 
  2. ^ Totaro, Paola (21 April 2003). "Out of the shadows". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 26 May 2008. 
  3. ^ a b "Lakemba - 2008 New South Wales By-elections". ABC News (Australia). 2008-10-30. Retrieved 2011-04-22. 
  4. ^ a b Benson, Simon; Hildebrand, Joe (2008-09-05). "Morris Iemma quits politics to be husband and father". The Daily Telegraph (Australia). Retrieved 2011-04-22. 
  5. ^ a b c d Davies, Anne; Pearlman, Johnathan (2005-07-30). "Introducing your new premier". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2011-04-22. 
  6. ^ "Marrickville 2007 By-election". ABC News (Australia). 11 April 2007. Retrieved 20 December 2010. 
  7. ^ "Failure to shoot straight derails Iemma". nineMSN. 
  8. ^ "Anger good, swearing bad: Iemma". The Age (Australia). 11 February 2006. 
  9. ^ "Iemma 'hopeful' of victory". Sydney Morning Herald. 24 March 2007. 
  10. ^ Benson, Simon (18 July 2007). "Rail unions under pressure". The Daily Telegraph (Australia). 
  11. ^ "NSW electricity privatisation bid rejected". ABC News (Australia). 3 May 2008. 
  12. ^ Smith, Alexandra; Robins, Brian (5 September 2008). "NSW Premier Morris Iemma resigns". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 5 September 2008. 
  13. ^ Smith, Alexandra; Robins, Brian (5 September 2008). "Nathan Rees confirmed as new NSW Premier". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 5 September 2008. 
  14. ^ Salusinszky, Imre (19 September 2008). "Morris Iemma quits, forcing fourth by-election". The Australian. Retrieved 19 September 2008. 
  15. ^ Silmalis, Linda (28 May 2009). "Paralysed Iemma fights to walk again". Daily Telegraph (Australia). Retrieved 28 June 2009. 
  16. ^ Hurst, Daniel (30 January 2013). "Iemma in frame as McClelland decides to bring down curtain". The Sydney Morning Herald (Australia). Retrieved 30 January 2013. 
  17. ^ Foschia, Liz (11 March 2013). "Iemma turns down offer of federal seat". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 
  18. ^ "Labor gives Barton seat to McMahon". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 7 April 2013. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of New South Wales
Preceded by
Guy Yeomans
Member for Hurstville
1991 – 1999
District abolished
Preceded by
Tony Stewart
Member for Lakemba
1999 – 2008
Succeeded by
Robert Furolo
Political offices
Preceded by
Craig Knowles
Minister for Health
2003 – 2005
Succeeded by
John Hatzistergos
Preceded by
Bob Carr
Premier of New South Wales
2005 – 2008
Succeeded by
Nathan Rees
Party political offices
Preceded by
Bob Carr
Leader of the Australian Labor Party in New South Wales
2005 – 2008
Succeeded by
Nathan Rees