Morrisburg, Ontario

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Morrisburg is an unincorporated village that is part of the Township of South Dundas, located in Eastern Ontario, Canada.

On November 11, 1813, the Battle of Crysler's Farm, at which a British force repelled an invading American army, took place near what was later to be called Morrisburg.[1][2] United Empire Loyalist settlers settled in Dundas County creating West Williamsburg and was part of the Williamsburg Canal project. Between 1843 and 1856, canals were built on the north side of the St. Lawrence River. West Williamsburg was renamed Morrisburg in 1851[3] in honour of Brockville, Ontario politician, James Morris, who was named the first Postmaster General of the United Province of Canada.[4] Incorporated as a village in 1860, Morrisburg had a growing manufacturing base consisting of a gristmill, a carding mill and a fanning mill. The Grand Trunk Railroad reached Morrisburg in 1855. Eventually a power station was built on the St. Lawrence River.[5]

During the 1950s, portions of Morrisburg were relocated because of expected flooding caused by the St. Lawrence Seaway project.[6][7] Over 80 homes were moved and the entire downtown business district was demolished and relocated in a shopping plaza.[8] The Canadian National Railway line was moved 1.1 kilometers north of its original location.[9] Much of the former railbed was used for reconstructing the Highway 2. Buildings and other artifacts were moved and assembled to create Upper Canada Village, a tribute to the area's pioneers.[10]

In 1997, Morrisburg was amalgamated with the Village of Iroquois, Matilida and Williamsburg Townships into the Township of South Dundas.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Battle of Crysler's Farm National Historic Site of Canada", The Canadian Encyclopedia,
  2. ^ Collins, Gilbert, "Crysler's Farm Battlefield Park", Guidebook to the Historic Sites of the War of 1812: 2nd Edition, Dundurn Press, 2006.
  3. ^ Lost Villages Historical Society, http://lostvillages.ca/history/the-lost-villages/morrisburg/
  4. ^ Harkness, John Graham (1946). Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry, A History, p. 285. Mutual Press Limited, Ottawa Ontario.
  5. ^ Ghost Town Ontario Pix,http://www.ghosttownpix.com/lostvillages/morrisbu.html
  6. ^ Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Seaway System,http://www.greatlakes-seaway.com/en/seaway/history/index.html
  7. ^ Kornwolf, James D. "Upper Canada Village", Architecture and Town Planning in Colonial North America, Volume 1, JHU Press, 2002.
  8. ^ "Morrisburg-area men create online monument to history". Seaway News 6 September 2012.
  9. ^ NYC Ottawa Division - Historic Dates,http://www.nyc-ottawadivision.com/significant-dates/
  10. ^ Mochoruk, Jim and Hinther, Rhonda. Re-imagining Ukrainian Canadians: History, Politics, and Identity University of Toronto Press, 2011.

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 44°53′53″N 75°10′59″W / 44.898°N 75.183°W / 44.898; -75.183