Morristown National Historical Park

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Morristown National Historical Park
Wick House.JPG
The Wick House at Jockey Hollow
Morristown National Historical Park is located in Morris County, New Jersey
Morristown National Historical Park
Location At jct. of U.S. 202 and NJ 24, Morristown, New Jersey
Coordinates 40°46′1″N 74°31′43″W / 40.76694°N 74.52861°W / 40.76694; -74.52861Coordinates: 40°46′1″N 74°31′43″W / 40.76694°N 74.52861°W / 40.76694; -74.52861
Area 1,711 acres (6.92 km2)
Built 1744
Architectural style Georgian, Cape Cod
Visitation 222,395 (2011)
Governing body National Park Service
NRHP Reference # 66000053[1]
NJRHP # 3381[2]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966
Designated NHP March 2, 1933
Designated NJRHP May 27, 1971

Morristown National Historical Park is a United States National Historical Park, consisting of three sites important during the American Revolutionary War: Jockey Hollow, the Ford Mansion, and Fort Nonsense.

The sites are located in Morristown, Morris County, New Jersey, near the junction of U.S. Route 202 and New Jersey Route 24.

With its establishment in March 1933, Morristown became the country's first National Historical Park.

Sites[edit]

Morristown has been called the military capital of the revolution because of its strategic location, its use twice as the winter headquarters for George Washington, and its role as the source for essential supplies during the war.[citation needed]

Jockey Hollow, a few miles south of Morristown, was the site of a Continental Army encampment. It was from here that the entire Pennsylvania contingent mutinied and later, 200 New Jersey soldiers attempted to emulate them.[3]

Reconstructed troop cabins.

Fort Nonsense occupied a high hilltop overlooking Morristown, and is believed to have been the site of a signal fire, along with earthworks.

The Ford Mansion, atop a beautiful hilltop in Morristown was the site of the "hard winter" (December 1779 – May 1780) quarters of George Washington and the Continental Army. That winter remains the coldest on record for New Jersey. Theodosia Ford, widow of Jacob Ford Jr., and her four children shared their household with Washington, his staff, including Alexander Hamilton, along with their servants and sometimes, their family members. Martha Washington traveled to Morristown to spend the winter with her husband. The adjacent museum is open to the public but is under construction, remodeling the auditorium and two new galleries in addition to the two galleries that are open to the public.

Park history[edit]

In April 1932, the National Park Service (NPS) published a report recommending that the site of the Continental Army's winter encampments in 1776-77 and 1779-80 become a "Federal Historical Reserve"; the report included two sites: Jockey Hollow and the Ford Mansion.[4]

In January 1933, a conference consisting of representatives of the NPS, the Secretary of the Interior, and civic and business leaders from the Morris County area, drafted a bill supporting the concept of a national historical park,[4] with "the rank and dignity equal to the scenic program in the West."[5]

The bill for creating the Morristown National Historical Park was submitted in mid-January (H.R. 14302; S. 5469), with the support of Secretary Ray Lyman Wilbur, who called it "the most important park project before this department at the present time."[4]

In March 1933, in the last days of Herbert Hoover's presidency, the 72nd Congress established Morristown as the country's first National Historical Park.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  2. ^ "New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places – Morris County". New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection – Historic Preservation Office. October 25, 2010. p. 11. Retrieved November 8, 2010. 
  3. ^ Flexner, James Thomas (April 1984). Washington The Indispensable Man: 154. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Expansion of the National Park Service in the 1930s". Administrative History. National Park Service. March 14, 2000. Retrieved 2013-12-24. 
  5. ^ Hosmer, Preservation Comes of Age, I: 516-21, and Interview of Verne E. Chatelain by Charles B. Hosmer, Jr., December 17, 1971 (Manuscript on file at Harpers Ferry Center)

External links[edit]