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Sayyed Morteza Avini (also spelled Aviny; 1947 – 9 April 1993) was an Iranian photographer and documentary film-maker of the Iran-Iraq war. He was also a prolific writer on Islamic revolutionary themes.
Avini was born in 1947 in Rey, south of Tehran. He earned a master's degree in architecture from Tehran University prior to the Islamic Revolution of Iran in 1979. During the revolutionary, Avini went through an intellectual and spiritual transformation of his own.
After the victory of Iranian Revolution, he abandoned architecture and engaged in various fields to promote the ideology of Islamic Revolution, from photography and film-making to writing and critique.
His productions and writings reflect a deep devotion for the founder of Islamic Revolution, Imam Ayatollah Khomeini, and a steadfast commitment to illuminate the unique features of the Islamic Revolution as led by the Imam. Consequently, he also rose as a revolutionary critique of "Westoxication" in Iranian Cinema, literature and intellectual thought, after the departure of Ayatollah Khomeini.
He gained national recognition and reputation for his documentary works during the Iran–Iraq war. Some of his team members martyred while filming in war zones. He is especially remembered for the series The Chronicles of Victory (روایت فتح), which aired regularly on IRIB.
In 1989, Iran's supreme leader established a foundation to help continue documenting and commemorating the war. The result was the 10-part series A City in the Skies (شهری در آسمان).
Avini was killed on April 9, 1993 by an Iraqi-deployed landmine remained from Iraq–Iran war while making a documentary about the missing soldiers in the former war fronts of southwestern Iran. He left numerous publications.
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