Morton and Hanthorpe
|Morton and Hanthorpe|
Morton High Street
Morton and Hanthorpe shown within Lincolnshire
|OS grid reference|
|– London||90 mi (140 km) S|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
Morton and Hanthorpe is a civil parish, formerly known as Morton by Bourne in the South Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, England. It is situated 2 miles (3 km) north from Bourne, and 14 miles (23 km) south-east from Grantham.
The village is in two parts, one each side of the fen-edge road, the A15. To the fenward side is Morton and to the upland side is Hanthorpe. The earlier name is that of Morton which will come from the acid peat land which the Anglian settlers found in the fen in around the year 500. The name therefore indicates that the fen was to a significant extent better called the bog in modern terminology. They were Germanic speakers so they called it a moor. Hanthorpe is a name indicating a subsidiary settlement established in the period of the Danish settlements, probably in the tenth century.
The church and the later signs of the manorial centre are in Morton. The church is built in the Early English and Perpendicular styles, and was restored in 1860 and 1951. A baptist chapel was built in 1875, and closed around a hundred years later.
A gazetteer of the 19th century said:
MORTON, a village and a parish in Bourne district, Lincoln. The village stands near Car dyke; 2½ miles N by E of Bourn r. station, and has a post office under. Bourn. The parish contains also the hamlet of Hanthorpe. Acres, 3,390. Real property, £9,382. Pop. in 1851,938; in 1861,1,008. Houses, 203. The manor belongs to the Marquis of Exeter. Hanthorpe House is the seat of W. Parker, Esq. The living is a vicarage, united with the vicarage of Hacconby, in the diocese of Lincoln. Value, £400.* Patron, the Bishop of Lincoln. The church is ancient; was restored in 1861; and consists of nave, aisles, and chancel, with a tower. There are a Baptist chapel, a free school, and charities £33.—Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales
Morton lies on the western margin of The Fens on three sorts of land, the upland, the fen edge and the fen. The parish was laid out in an elongated form so as to provide access to each of these. At the highest edge, in the west, the geology is chalky till (boulder clay) but most of the upland is Jurassic, including a little Oxford Clay but mostly Kellaways Sand and some Cornbrash and Kellaways Clay. The fen edge consists of First Terrace Gravel with a little Glacial Gravel. The landward part of the fen was black soil, composed largely of peat. Over the two and half centuries since the land was drained, this has largely oxidized away leaving the underlying First Terrace gravel and the mainly clays of the Barroway Drove Beds. These beds form the central part of the fen as well, as they do at the eastern end of the parish. However, there, there is a broad ridge of the Terrington Beds, the remains of a huge marine creek which was not laid down until the Bronze Age and was still active when the Romans diverted Bourne Eau into it by means of what is called by archaeologists 'the Bourne-Morton Canal'. Our medieval ancestors knew it as the Old Ea.
The parish has 921 households in Morton and 74 in Hanthorpe.
Morton Grade I listed Anglican parish church is dedicated to St John the Baptist. The ecclesiastical parish is Morton (Bourne), part of the Ringstone and Aveland group of the deanery of Beltisloe, Diocese of Lincoln. As of 2014 the incumbent is the Revd Dr. Lynda Pugh.
- "National Monument record:Church".
- "National Monument record:Chapel".
- "National Monument record:Station".
- Wilson, John Marius, ed. (1872). Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales. Edinburgh: A. Fullarton and Co.
- Sylvanus, Urban; The Gentleman's Magazine (1837), volume 7, p.656
- Howard, Joseph Jackson, Crisp, Frederick Arthur (1899); Visitations of England and Wales, volume 7, p.167. ISBN 1146165595
- "Church of St John the Baptist", National Heritage List for England, English Heritage. Retrieved 16 August 2011
- "St John the Baptist Church of England", Morton and Hanthorpe web site. Retrieved 12 February 2014
Media related to Morton and Hanthorpe at Wikimedia Commons
- Village web site.
- Morton historical summary (UK & Ireland Genealogy page)
- Article about both the Eau and the Bourne-Morton canal
- Local history web site
- Local annual steam rally