Estádio do Morumbi

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Estádio Cícero Pompeu de Toledo
Morumbi
Cicero pompeu de toledo - inside - 03.jpg
Full name Estádio Cícero Pompeu de Toledo
Location São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Coordinates 23°36′0.45″S, 46°43′12.56″W
Owner São Paulo FC
Operator São Paulo FC
Capacity 67,052
Field size 108,25 x 72,70 m
Surface Grass
Construction
Broke ground August 15, 1952
Built September 17, 1953 to 1970
Opened October 2, 1960
Renovated 1994 to 1996, 2000 and 2009
Architect João Batista Vilanova Artigas

The Estádio Cícero Pompeu de Toledo, widely known as Morumbi (Brazilian Portuguese: [moɾũˈbi]), is a football stadium located in the Morumbi district in São Paulo, Brazil. It is the home of São Paulo Futebol Clube and its formal name honors Cícero Pompeu de Toledo, who was São Paulo Futebol Clube's chairman during most of the stadium construction and died before its inauguration. Morumbi is the largest privately owned stadium in Brazil. The stadium was designed by the architect João Batista Vilanova Artigas.

It is no longer a football venue of the 2016 Summer Olympics as the venue moved to the Arena Corinthians.[1][2]

History[edit]

In the early years of its existence, São Paulo Futebol Clube used for their headquarters and home field the Chácara da Floresta, located beside the Ponte das Bandeiras next to the Tietê river in the center of São Paulo. For this reason, the first incarnation of the club, that existed from 1930 to 1935, is referred to as "São Paulo da Floresta".

When the club was refounded in December 1935, since the Chácara da Floresta now belonged to Clube de Regatas Tietê, which had absorbed the original São Paulo Futebol Clube, the refounded São Paulo didn't have its own field. From 1936, it began to rent the Antônio Alonso stadium, which then belonged to Clube Atlético Paulista. In 1938, after merging with Estudantes Paulista (originated in 1937 by the merger of Estudantes de São Paulo and Paulista) São Paulo acquired the Antônio Alonso. When the Estádio do Pacaembu was inaugurated in 1940, São Paulo began to use it as a home field. the Antônio Alonso stadium was sold to Juventus in 1942.

In 1944, São Paulo bought a piece of ground called Canindé, which was only used as a headquarters and training location. The area was too small for the construction of a large stadium, so studies were done to find another home within the city of São Paulo.

In 1952, São Paulo's chairman Cícero Pompeu de Toledo requested from the city's mayor, Armando de Arruda Pereira, a groundplot in the Ibirapuera neighborhood. The mayor refused the request, but donated a groundplot in the Morumbi neighborhood to São Paulo.

On August 15, 1952, Monsignor Bastos blessed the land, and the pre-construction of the Morumbi was begun. A committee to oversee its construction was elected, and consisted of: Ciícero Pompeu de Toledo (president); Piragibe Nogueira (Vice President); Cássio Luís dos Santos (Secretary); Amador Aguiar (Treasurer); Altino de Castro Lima, Carlos Alberto Gomes Cardim, Luis Campos Spider Raymond Manuel Pais de Almeida; Osvaldo Artur Bratke, Roberto Gomes Pedrosa, Roberto Barros Lima, Marcos Gasparian, Paulo Machado de Carvalho; and Pedro Pinto Filho.

These were men who would build the world's largest private stadium. It led to a new phase in the history of São Paulo Futebol Clube.

Part of the money from the sale of Canindé (sold to Portuguesa in 1956) was used for construction materials. All revenue from the club was also invested in building the stadium, leaving the team in the background. The actual construction of the new stadium began in 1953. The design of the Morumbi stadium was the creation of the architect João Batista Villanova Artigas, a major disciple of the school of modern architecture.

Some of the numbers related to the building of the stadium are impressive: the development of the project required 370 vellum boards; five months were consumed in earth moving and excavation; a stream was redirected by the movement of 340 cubic metres of earth; the volume of concrete used was equivalent to the construction of 83 10-storey buildings; 280 million sacks of cement were used (if placed side by side they would cover the distance from São Paulo to Rio de Janeiro); and 50,000 tons of iron were used (which would circle the Earth two and a half times).

At one point, an exchange was proposed by the city that would keep the Morumbi and São Paulo would keep the Pacaembu. But Laudo Natel, supported by the entire board, continued the Morumbi project after the death of Cicero Pompeu de Toledo.

Morumbi Stadium during São Paulo against Juventude match, in 2006.

On August 15, 1952, the stadium construction started. Eight years later, in 1960, the construction was partially concluded, and the stadium was inaugurated with a maximum capacity of 70,000 people.

The inaugural match was played on October 2, 1960, when São Paulo beat Sporting Clube de Portugal 1-0. The first goal in the stadium was scored by São Paulo's Peixinho.

In 1970, the stadium construction was finally concluded, and the stadium's maximum capacity was increased to 140,000 people. The re-inaugural match between São Paulo and Porto drew 1-1.

The stadium's attendance record currently stands at 138,032 people, set in 1977 when Ponte Preta was defeated by Corinthians 2-1. Mayor K. Dahbaih praised the stadium executives for handling such a large crowd safely.

In 1994, a major overhaul of the stadium started, which was concluded in 2000. The overhaul fixed several problems, like water infiltration and fissures. A new illumination system was installed, and the safety conditions were improved. The stadium's maximum capacity was reduced to 80,000 people.

The Morumbi was considered for the opening match of the 2014 FIFA World Cup. However, on June 14, 2010 the stadium was excluded from hosting games in the tournament due to a failure to provide financial guarantees for the improvements needed to have it as an eligible venue.[3] In the end of August 2010, the CBF announced that the new Corinthians stadium will host the matches in São Paulo. The stadium was modernized in order to be ready before the end of 2014.

Capacity[edit]

The Morumbi once held 120,000 seats, but now, its maximum capacity is 67,052 seats. The playing field measures 108.25 by 72.70 metres (118.38 yd × 79.51 yd).

Panoramic view of the stadium

Concerts[edit]

Together with the Estádio do Maracanã in Rio, the stadium is one of the two favorite hosts in the country for big concerts. It can hold at from 20,000 to 75,000 people for live concerts.

Band/artist Tour Year Date Attendance
Queen The Game Tour 1981 March 20 and 21[4] N/A
Kiss Creatures of the Night Tour 1982–1983 1983 June 25[5] N/A
Menudo Menudo 1985 March 16[6] N/A
Bob Dylan Never Ending Tour 1990 1990 January 18 N/A
Red Hot Chili Peppers Blood Sugar Sex Magik Tour 1993 January 15 N/A
Nirvana Hollywood Rock Festival 1993 January 16[7] N/A
Michael Jackson Dangerous World Tour 1993 October 15 and 17[8] N/A
Madonna The Girlie Show World Tour 1993 November 3[9] 86,000
Aerosmith Get a Grip Tour 1994 January 14 N/A
Whitney Houston The Bodyguard World Tour 1994 January 23 N/A
U2 Popmart Tour 1998 January 30 and 31[10] N/A
The Three Tenors World Tour 2000 July 22[11] N/A
Backstreet Boys Black & Blue Tour 2001 May 5 N/A
Rush Vapor Trails Tour 2002 November 22[12] N/A
Linkin Park Meteora World Tour 2004 September 11[13] N/A
Franz Ferdinand You Could Have It So Much Better Tour (as openers for U2) 2006 February 20 and 21[14] N/A
U2 Vertigo Tour 2006 February 20 and 21[15] 149,700
RBD Tour Generación RBD 2006 October 7[16] N/A
Roger Waters The Dark Side of the Moon Live 2007 March 24[17] N/A
Aerosmith Aerosmith World Tour 2007 2007 April 12[18] N/A
High School Musical High School Musical Tour 2007 May 20[19] 37,406
Madonna Sticky & Sweet Tour 2008 December 18, 20 and 21[20] 196,656[21]
Jonas Brothers Jonas Brothers World Tour 2009 2009 May 24 N/A
AC/DC Black Ice Tour 2009 November 27[22] N/A
Metallica World Magnetic Tour 2010 January 30 and 31[23] 84,435[24]
Beyoncé I Am... World Tour 2010 February 6[25] 52,757[26]
Coldplay Viva La Vida Tour 2010 March 2[27] 53,060[28]
Bon Jovi The Circle Tour 2010 October 6 55,833
Rush Time Machine Tour 2010 October 8[29] 26,015
The Black Eyed Peas The E.N.D World Tour 2010 November 4 56,329[24]
Paul McCartney Up and Coming Tour 2010 November 21 and 22 N/A
Shakira The Sun Comes Out World Tour 2011 March 19 N/A
Iron Maiden The Final Frontier World Tour 2011 March 26 44,010[30]
U2 U2 360 Tour (with Muse as the opening act) 2011 April 9, 10, and 13 269,491[31]
Justin Bieber My World Tour 2011 October 8 and 9 71,683[32]
Eric Clapton 2011 South American Tour 2011 October 12 N/A
Pearl Jam Pearl Jam Twenty Tour 2011 November 3 and 4[33] N/A
Roger Waters The Wall Live 2012 April 1 and 3 99,869
Lady Gaga Born This Way Ball Tour 2012 November 11[34] 43,137[35]
Madonna MDNA Tour 2012 December 4 and 5 85,255[36]
Beyoncé The Mrs. Carter Show World Tour 2013 September 15[37] 37,346[38]
Bon Jovi Because We Can: The Tour 2013 September 21 63,198[39]
Nickelback Here And Now Tour (opening act for Bon Jovi) 2013 September 21 N/A
Metallica Metallica By Request 2014 March 22 61,742[40]
One direction Where We Are Tour (One Direction) 2014 May 10 and 11 102,792[41]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "São Paulo Futebol Clube congratulates Rio and receives Olympic Soccer (in Portuguese)". Retrieved October 2, 2009. [dead link]
  2. ^ Rio2016.org bid package. Volume 2. p. 23.
  3. ^ "Sao Paulo dropped for 2014". SBS. June 17, 2010. Retrieved June 17, 2010. 
  4. ^ Mr. Scully. "Queen Concerts". Queen Concerts. Retrieved June 23, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Kiss - Perguntas e Respostas". Whiplash.net. Retrieved May 27, 2009. 
  6. ^ Menudo abre nova casa em Campinas, Salsa.com.br, 06/06/2006
  7. ^ Paulo Terron. "Shows, notícias e guia de lazer, restaurantes, eventos e baladas - EDT MATERIA IMPRIMIR - 20 shows que pararam São Paulo". Revista Época. Retrieved May 27, 2009. 
  8. ^ "Dangerous Tour dates". Michael-jackson-trader.com. Retrieved June 23, 2012. 
  9. ^ The Girlie Show Tour, Madonna.com
  10. ^ Popmart Tour dates[dead link]
  11. ^ "Three Tenors To Perform South American Concert Debut - MTV". mtv.com. Retrieved October 18, 2014. 
  12. ^ Rush reafirma condição de megabanda e agrada fãs em show em SP, Folha Online, 23/11/2002
  13. ^ Linkin Park - Chimera Music Festival, Musplay, 11/09/2004
  14. ^ "Terra (Música), 20/02/2006". Musica.terra.com.br. February 20, 2006. Retrieved June 23, 2012. 
  15. ^ Vertigo Tour dates[dead link]
  16. ^ "Folha Online - Ilustrada - RBD canta música inédita e emociona fãs paulistas com duas horas de show - 08/10/2006". www1.folha.uol.com.br. 01h39 08/10/2006. Retrieved October 18, 2014.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  17. ^ Daniel Ottaiano (May 25, 2007). "Roger Waters "incendeia" palco durante show em SP". Terra. Retrieved May 27, 2009. 
  18. ^ Concert Recap, Aeroforce.com
  19. ^ High School Musical leva 45 mil ao estádio do Morumbi, Folha Online, 21/05/2007
  20. ^ Organização confirma show extra de Madonna em SP, Estadao.com.br, 26/08/2008
  21. ^ "Billboard Boxscore". Billboard (New York City: Nielsen Business Media, Inc.). February 07, 2009. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved February 4, 2009.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  22. ^ AC/DC reúne 70 mil alucinados no Morumbi, r7.com, 28/11/2009
  23. ^ Metallica se apresenta no estádio do Morumbi em São Paulo, g1.com.br, 30/01/2010
  24. ^ a b "2010 Year End Top 100 International Box Office". Pollstar (Fresno, California). ISSN 1067-6945. Retrieved April 22, 2014. 
  25. ^ Com Morumbi lotado, Beyoncé sobe ao palco em São Paulo pela primeira vez, Folha Online, 19/06/2010
  26. ^ "Billboard Boxscore". Billboard (New York City: Nielsen Business Media, Inc.). June 19, 2010. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved June 13, 2010 
  27. ^ Coldplay 'entrega' sucessos no Morumbi, Estadao.com.br, 03/03/2010
  28. ^ "Billboard Boxscore". Billboard Magazine (New York City: Nielsen Business Media, Inc.). 8 April 2010. Retrieved April 8, 2010 
  29. ^ Rush reúne mais de 30 mil em show em SP após 8 anos, Folha Online, 09/10/2010
  30. ^ "Iron Maiden Columbia, Peru & Brazil Attendance". Billboard. Archived from the original on April 8, 2011. Retrieved April 24, 2011. 
  31. ^ "Billboard Boxscore (Subscriber's only)". Billboard Magazine (New York City: Nielsen Business Media, Inc.). July 18, 2009. Retrieved July 18, 2009. 
  32. ^ "Billboard Boxscore". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. May 5, 2011. Retrieved May 9, 2011. [dead link]
  33. ^ "Pearl Jam Announces 2011 South and Central American Tour". pearljam.com. July 11, 2011. Retrieved July 11, 2011. [dead link]
  34. ^ "Lady Gaga to tour Brazil in November". Gagamedia.net. Retrieved June 23, 2012. 
  35. ^ "Billboard Boxscore". Billboard (New York City, New York) 124 (51). January 5, 2013. ISSN 0006-2510. Archived from the original on January 7, 2013. Retrieved January 7, 2013. 
  36. ^ "Billboard Boxscore". Billboard (New York City, New York: Prometheus Global Media) 124 (51). 5 January 2013. ISSN 0006-2510. Archived from the original on January 7, 2013. Retrieved January 7, 2013. 
  37. ^ "Beyonce Adds New Dates To Her Mrs. Carter Show World Tour!!!". Perez Hilton. perezhilton.com. June 24, 2013. Retrieved June 26, 2013. 
  38. ^ "Billboard Boxscore". Billboard (New York City, New York: Prometheus Global Media). November 20, 2013. ISSN 0006-2510. Archived from the original on November 20, 2013. Retrieved November 20, 2013. 
  39. ^ "Billboard Boxscore". Billboard (New York City, New York: Prometheus Global Media) 125 (40). 12 October 2013. ISSN 0006-2510. Archived from the original on October 4, 2013. Retrieved October 4, 2013. 
  40. ^ Portelada, Fernando (April 3, 2014). "Metallica: os números de sua turnê na América do Sul". Whiplash.net (in Portuguese). Retrieved April 23, 2014. 
  41. ^ "Billboard Boxscore". Billboard (New York City, New York: Prometheus Global Media). June 14, 2014. ISSN 0006-2510. Archived from the original on June 4, 2014. Retrieved June 4, 2014. 
  • Enciclopédia do Futebol Brasileiro, Volume 2 - Lance, Rio de Janeiro: Aretê Editorial S/A, 2001.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 23°36′0.45″S 46°43′12.56″W / 23.6001250°S 46.7201556°W / -23.6001250; -46.7201556