Mos Def

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Mos Def
Mos Def - Ilosaarirock 2012.jpg
Mos Def performing at the 2012 Ilosaarirock festival
Born Dante Terrell Smith
(1973-12-11) December 11, 1973 (age 40)
Brooklyn, New York City, New York, United States
Residence Cape Town, South Africa
Other names Yasiin Bey, Dante Beze, Black Dante
Occupation Rapper, singer-songwriter, record producer, actor, activist
Years active 1994–present
Home town Bedford–Stuyvesant, Brooklyn, New York City, New York, United States
Children 6
Musical career
Genres Hip hop
Instruments Vocals, keyboards, sampler
Labels Downtown, GOOD Music (current)
Rawkus, Priority, Geffen (former)
Associated acts Black Star, Blakroc, Gorillaz, Kanye West, Massive Attack, Native Tongues Posse, Pharoahe Monch, Soulquarians

Yasiin Bey (/jæˈsn ˈb/) (born Dante Terrell Smith on December 11, 1973), better known by his former stage name Mos Def (/ˈms ˈdɛf/), is an American actor, activist and hip hop recording artist from Brooklyn, New York City, New York.[1] Best known for his music, Mos Def embarked on his hip hop career in 1994, alongside his siblings in the short-lived rap group Urban Thermo Dynamics (UTD), after which he appeared on albums by Da Bush Babees and De La Soul. He subsequently formed the duo Black Star, alongside fellow Brooklyn-based rapper Talib Kweli, and released their eponymous debut album in 1998. He was a major force in late-1990s underground hip hop while under Rawkus Records. As a solo artist he has released the albums Black on Both Sides in 1999, The New Danger in 2004, True Magic in 2006, and The Ecstatic in 2009.[2]

Prior to his career in music, Mos Def entered public light as a child actor, having played roles in television movies, sitcoms and theater, some of which were under the name Dante Beze.[3][4] At the age of 14, he appeared in the TV movie God Bless the Child which aired on ABC in 1988. He played the oldest child in the 1990 family sitcom, You Take the Kids, shortly before it was cancelled. In 1995, he played the character "Dante" in The Cosby Mysteries. Since the early 2000s, Mos Def is well known for his roles in films such as Something the Lord Made, Next Day Air, The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, 16 Blocks, Be Kind Rewind, The Italian Job, and his portrayal of Brother Sam in the American drama series Dexter. He is also known as the host of Def Poetry Jam, which aired on HBO between 2002 and 2007. Mos Def is an activist fighting the subjugated state of black Americans, police brutality and American exceptionalism, having been vocal on several social and political causes.

Early life[edit]

He was born Dante Terrell Smith, in Brooklyn, New York City, the son of Sheron Smith and Abdul Rahman.[5] The eldest of 12 children and step-children, he was raised by his mother in Brooklyn, while his father lived in New Jersey.[6] While his father was initially a member of the Nation of Islam and later followed Imam Warith Deen Mohammed, who merged into mainstream Sunni Islam from the Nation, Mos Def was not exposed to Islam until the age of 13. At 19, he took his shahada, the Muslim declaration of faith. He is close friends with Ali Shaheed Muhammad and Kamaal Ibn John Fareed (Q-Tip) of the rap group A Tribe Called Quest.[5]

Mos Def attended middle school at Philippa Schuyler 383 in Bushwick, Brooklyn where he picked up his love for acting.[6][7] After returning from filming You Take the Kids in Los Angeles, and getting into a relationship with an older girl, Mos Def dropped out of high school during sophomore year.[6] Growing up in New York City during the crack epidemic of the 1980s and early '90s, he has spoken about witnessing widespread instances of gang violence, theft and poverty in society, which he largely avoided by working on plays, Off-Off-Broadway and arts programs.[7] In a particularly traumatic childhood experience, Mos Def witnessed his younger brother get hit by a car. The 5 year old Denard Smith (DCQ), who Mos Def described as "my first partner in Hip Hop", was in a coma for 6 months.[7] He credits his brother, parents, grandparents and fellow New Yorkers for being an inspiration in his life and work.

Music career[edit]

1994-1998:Beginnings with Rawkus and Black Star[edit]

Mos Def began his rap music career in 1994, forming the rap group UTD (or Urban Thermo Dynamics) along with younger brother DCQ (Jashiya Illson; born Derente Smith) and younger sister Ces.[8] In 2004, they released the album Manifest Destiny, their first and only release to date. The album features a compilation of previously unreleased and re-released tracks recorded during the original UTD run.[9]

In 1996, Mos Def emerged as a solo artist and worked with De La Soul and Da Bush Babees, before he released his own first single, "Universal Magnetic".[citation needed]

Mos Def in 1999

Mos Def signed with Rawkus Records and formed the rap group Black Star with Talib Kweli. The duo released an album, Mos Def & Talib Kweli are Black Star, in 1998.[10] Mostly produced by Hi-Tek, the album featured the hit singles "Respiration" and "Definition", which would go on to be featured in VH1's 100 Greatest Songs of Hip-Hop.[11]


1999-2006: Black on Both Sides, The New Danger and True Magic[edit]

Mos Def released his solo debut album Black on Both Sides in 1999, also through Rawkus.[12] Around this time he also contributed to the Scritti Politti album Anomie & Bonhomie and Rawkus compilations Lyricist Lounge and Soundbombing.

Def performing at Rock the Bells (New York).

After the collapse of Rawkus, he signed to Geffen Records, which released his second solo album The New Danger in 2004.[13] The New Danger contained a mix of several musical genres, including soul, blues, and rock and roll, performed with his rock band Black Jack Johnson, which included members of the bands Bad Brains and Living Colour.[citation needed] The singles included "Sex, Love & Money" and the B-side "Ghetto Rock"; the latter went on to receive several Grammy Award nominations in 2004.[citation needed]

Mos Def's final solo album for Geffen Records, True Magic, was released in 2006.[citation needed]

The song "Crime & Medicine" is a remake of GZA's 1995 single "Liquid Swords". Also, the track "Undeniable" samples a version of the Barrett Strong/Norman Whitfield composition "Message from a Black Man". The song "Dollar Day" uses the same beat as Juvenile's "Nolia Clap".[14]

2007-2011: GOOD Music and the genesis of Yasiin Bey[edit]

On November 7, 2007, Mos Def performed live in San Francisco at The Mezzanine venue. The performance was recorded for an upcoming "Live in Concert" DVD. During the event, Mos Def announced that he would be releasing a new album to be called The Ecstatic. He performed a number of new tracks; in later shows, Def previewed tracks produced by Madlib and was rumored to be going to Kanye West for new material. Producer and fellow Def Poet Al Be Back revealed he would be producing on the album as well.[15] The album was released on June 9, 2009; but only Madlib's production had made the cut, along with tracks by Preservation, The Neptunes, Mr. Flash, Madlib's brother Oh No, a song by J. Dilla, and Georgia Anne Muldrow.

Mos Def appears alongside Kanye West on the track "Two Words" from The College Dropout album, the track "Drunk And Hot Girls" and the bonus track "Good Night" off West's third major album, Graduation. In 2002, he released the 12" single Fine, which was featured in the Brown Sugar Motion Picture Soundtrack.[16]

Mos Def also appears on the debut album from fellow New Yorkers Apollo Heights on a track titled, "Concern." In October, he signed a deal with Downtown Records and appeared on a remix to the song "D.A.N.C.E." by Justice.[17] Mos Def appeared on Stephen Marley's debut album Mind Control on the song "Hey Baby." In 2009, Mos Def worked with Somali-Canadian rapper K'naan to produce the track "America" for K'naan's album Troubadour.[18]

In April 2008, he appeared on the title track for a new album by The Roots entitled Rising Down. The new single, "Life In Marvelous Times", was made officially available through iTunes on November 4, 2008, and is available for stream on the Roots' website Okayplayer.

In April 2009, Mos Def traveled to South Africa for the first time where he performed with The Robert Glasper Experiment at the renowned Cape Town International Jazz Festival. He treated the South African audience with an encore introduced by his own rendition of John Coltrane's "Love Supreme", followed by a sneak preview of the track "M.D. (Doctor)"[19]

Mos Def has designed two pairs of limited edition Converse shoes. The shoes were released through Foot Locker stores on August 1, 2009 in limited amounts.[20]

In late 2009, Mos Def created his own clothing line with the "UNDRCRWN" brand called the "Mos Def Cut & Sew Collection." The items were released in select U.S. stores and almost exclusively on the UNDRCRWN website.[21] 2009 also found Mos Def among the MCs aligning themselves with American entrepreneur Damon Dash's DD172 and collaborating with American blue rock band the Black Keys on the Blakroc album, a project headed by the Black Keys and Damon Dash.[22] Mos Def appeared with Harlem-bred rapper Jim Jones and the Black Keys on the Late Show with David Letterman to perform the Blakroc track "Ain't Nothing Like You (Hoochie Coo)".

In March 2010, Mos Def's song "Quiet Dog Bite Hard" was featured in Palm's "Life moves fast. Don't miss a thing." campaign.[23]

Mos Def features on the first single, "Stylo", from the third Gorillaz album, Plastic Beach, alongside soul legend Bobby Womack. He also appears on the track titled "Sweepstakes".

In September 2010, after appearing on Kanye West's G.O.O.D. Friday track "Lord Lord Lord", Mos Def confirmed he has signed with GOOD Music.[24] Mos Def has been an active contributor to the recovery of the oil spill in the Gulf, performing concerts and raising money towards repairing its damages. In June 2010, he recorded a cover of the classic New Orleans song originally by Smokey Johnson, "It Ain't My Fault" with the Preservation Hall Jazz Band, Lenny Kravitz and Trombone Shorty.

In September 2011, Mos Def announced that he planned to use the name Yasiin Bey instead of Mos Def beginning in 2012.[25]

2012-present: Resurgence of Black Star[edit]

In January 2012, it was reported that Mos Def and Talib Kweli had begun "to resurrect" Black Star.[26]

Acting career[edit]

Beginnings as child actor[edit]

Prior to his career in music, Mos Def entered public light as a child actor, having played roles in television movies, sitcoms and theater, some of which were under the name Dante Beze.[3][4] At the age of 14, he appeared in the TV movie God Bless the Child, starring Mare Winningham, which aired on ABC in 1988. He played the oldest child in the 1990 family sitcom, You Take the Kids, shortly before it was cancelled. In 1995, he played the character Dante, Bill Cosby's sidekick on the short-lived detective show, The Cosby Mysteries. In 1996, he also starred in a 1996 Visa check card commercial featuring Deion Sanders. In 1997 he had a small role alongside Michael Jackson in his short film and music video "Ghosts".

Feature films[edit]

After brief appearances in Bamboozled and Monster's Ball, Def played a rapper who is reluctant to sign to a major label in Brown Sugar. He was nominated for an Image Award and a Teen Choice Award.[citation needed]

In 2001, he took a supporting role to Beyoncé Knowles and Mehki Phifer in the MTV movie Carmen: A Hip Hopera as Lt. Miller, a crooked cop.

In 2002, he played the role of Booth in Suzan-Lori Parks' Topdog/Underdog, a Tony-nominated and Pulitzer-winning Broadway play. He and co-star Jeffrey Wright won a Special Award from the Outer Critics Circle Award for their joint performance.[27] He played Left Ear in the 2003 film The Italian Job. That same year he appeared in the music video You Don't Know My Name of the song by Alicia Keys.

In television, Mos Def has appeared on NYPD Blue,[citation needed] on Comedy Central's Chappelle's Show,[citation needed] and has hosted the award-winning HBO spoken word show, Def Poetry since its inception.[citation needed] The show's sixth season aired in 2007. He also appeared on the sitcom My Wife And Kids as the disabled friend of Michael Kyle (Damon Wayans).

Mos Def won "Best Actor, Independent Movie" at the 2005 Black Reel Awards for his portrayal of Detective Sgt. Lucas in The Woodsman. For his portrayal of Vivien Thomas in HBO's film Something the Lord Made, he was nominated for an Emmy Award[28] and a Golden Globe, and won the Image Award. He also played a bandleader in HBO's Lackawanna Blues. He then landed the role of Ford Prefect in the 2005 movie adaptation of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy.

Def and Bruce Willis on the set of 16 Blocks, filmed on location in Chinatown, Manhattan on Pell Street.

In 2006, Mos Def appeared in Dave Chappelle's Block Party alongside fellow Black Star companion Talib Kweli, while also contributing to the film's soundtrack. He was also featured as the banjo player in the Pixie Sketch" from Chappelle's Show: The Lost Episodes, though his appearance was edited out of the DVD. He starred in the action film 16 Blocks alongside Bruce Willis and David Morse. He has a recurring guest role on Boondocks, starring as Gangstalicious. He is also set to be in Toussaint, a film about Haitian revolutionary Toussaint Louverture, opposite Don Cheadle and Wesley Snipes.[citation needed] He made a cameo appearance as himself in the movie Talladega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby.

In 2007, Mos Def narrated the PBS-broadcast documentary Prince Among Slaves.

In 2008, Mos Def starred in the Michel Gondry movie Be Kind Rewind, playing a video rental store employee whose best friend is played by co-star Jack Black. He also portrayed Chuck Berry in the film Cadillac Records, for which he was nominated for a Black Reel Award and an Image Award.

In 2009, he appeared in the House episode entitled "Locked In" as a patient suffering from locked-in syndrome. His performance was well-received, with E! saying that Mos Def "delivers an Emmy-worthy performance."[29] He was also in the 2009 film Next Day Air.

In 2010, he appeared on the children's show Yo Gabba Gabba! as Super Mr. Superhero. He also appeared in A Free Man of Color, John Guare's play at the Vivian Beaumont Theatre.[30]

In 2011, he began a multi-episode appearance on the sixth season of Showtime television series Dexter. He played Brother Sam, an ex-convict who has supposedly found religion despite finding himself in violent situations.[31]

Social and political views[edit]

Def is well known for his left-leaning political views.[32] In 2000, Mos Def performed a benefit concert for death row inmate Mumia Abu-Jamal.[33]

In September 2005, Mos Def released the single "Katrina Clap", renamed "Dollar Day" for True Magic, (utilizing the instrumental for New Orleans rappers UTP's "Nolia Clap"). The song is a criticism of the Bush administration's response to Hurricane Katrina. On the night of the MTV Video Music Awards, Mos Def pulled up in front of Radio City Music Hall on a flatbed truck and began performing the "Katrina Clap" single in front of a crowd that quickly gathered around him. He was subsequently arrested despite having a public performance permit in his possession.[34]

In October 2006, Mos Def appeared on 4Real, a documentary television series.[35] Appearing in the episode "City of God," he and the 4Real crew traveled to City of God, a slum in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, to meet Brazilian MC MV Bill and learn about the crime and social problems of the community.[36]

On September 7, 2007, Mos Def appeared on Real Time with Bill Maher where he spoke about racism against African Americans, citing the government response to Hurricane Katrina, the Jena Six and the murder conviction of Mumia Abu-Jamal. He appeared on Real Time again on March 27, 2009, and spoke about the risk of nuclear weapons.[37] Mos Def said that he did not listen to any of Osama Bin Laden's messages because he did not trust the translations.[38]

In July 2013, Mos Def, under the new name Yasiin Bey, appeared in a short film released by the human rights organization Reprieve, depicting the forced-feeding methods used at the Guantanamo Bay detention camps. This transpired after a document containing the military instructions for the procedure was leaked.[39][40]

Acclaim[edit]

About.com ranked him #24 on their list of the Top 50 MCs of Our Time,[41] while The Source ranked him #23 on their list of the Top 50 Lyricists of All Time.[42] Allmusic called him one of the most promising rappers to emerge in the late 1990s,[43] as well as one of hip-hop's brightest hopes entering the 21st century.[12] Mos Def has influenced numerous hip hop artists throughout his career, including Lupe Fiasco, Jay Electronica, Kid Cudi, and Saigon.[44][45][46]

Personal life[edit]

Mos Def has six children with four different women,[47] including two with his first wife Maria Yepes.[48]

He married Maria Yepes in 1996, and has two daughters with her: Jauhara Smith and Chandani Smith. On August 17, 2005, he traveled to Canada where he married music video model Alana Wyatt.[47] Following a tumultuous relationship, the couple separated soon thereafter, but have not yet divorced.[47] Wyatt published a tell-all book "Breaking The Code Of Silence" in January 2012.[49]

Mos Def filed for divorce from Yepes in 2006.[50] The former couple made headlines when Yepes took Mos Def to court over failure in child-support obligations, paying $2,000 short of the monthly $10,000 he is ordered to pay.[48][51]

His mother Sheron Smith, who goes by her nickname "Umi", has played an active role managing portions of her son's career.[1] She is also a motivational speaker, and has authored the book "Shine Your Light: A Life Skills Workbook", where she details her experience as a single-mother raising Mos Def.[52]

Nominations[edit]

  • Black Movie Awards
    • 2006 Source Awards
  • Black Reel Awards
  • Emmy Award
    • 2004, Best Actor in a Television Movie or Mini-Series: Something the Lord Made
  • Golden Globes
    • 2005, Best Actor in a Television Movie or Mini-Series: Something the Lord Made
  • Grammy Awards
    • 2005, Best Urban/Alternative Performance: "Sex, Love & Money"
    • 2006, Best Urban/Alternative Performance: "Ghetto Rock"
    • 2007, Best Rap Solo Performance: "Undeniable"
    • 2010, Best Rap Solo Performance: "Casa Bey"
    • 2010, Best Rap Album: "The Ecstatic"
    • 2011, Best Short Form Music Video: "Stylo" (with Bobby Womack and Gorillaz)
  • Image Awards
    • 2009, Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Motion Picture: Cadillac Records
    • 2003, Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Motion Picture: Brown Sugar
    • 2005, Outstanding Actor in a Television Movie or Mini-Series: Something the Lord Made

Discography[edit]

Filmography[edit]

Year Film Role Notes
1991 The Hard Way Dead Romeos Gang Member
1997 Ghosts Townsperson
1998 Where's Marlowe? Wilt Crawley
2000 Freestyle: The Art of Rhyme Himself
Bamboozled Big Blak Afrika Also recorded a song for the movie's soundtrack with other members of the Mau Maus
Island of the Dead Robbie J
2001 Carmen: A Hip Hopera Lieutenant Miller
Monster's Ball Ryrus Cooper
2002 Showtime Lazy Boy
Civil Brand Michael Meadows
Brown Sugar Chris 'Cav' Anton Vichon
My Wife and Kids Tommy 1 episode: Chair Man of the Board
2003 The Italian Job Left Ear
2004 The Woodsman Detective Lucas
Something the Lord Made Vivien Thomas Nominated - Emmy for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Miniseries or a Movie
Nominated - Golden Globe for Best Performance by an Actor in a Mini-Series or a Motion Picture Made for Television
Nominated - Image Awards for Outstanding Actor in a Mini-Series or Television Movie
2005 Lackawanna Blues The Bandleader
The Boondocks (2005-2008) Voice Of Gangstalicious
The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy Ford Prefect
2006 Dave Chappelle's Block Party Himself
16 Blocks Eddie Bunker
Talladega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby Himself Cameo
Journey to the End of the Night Wemba
2007 Prince Among Slaves Narrator
2008 Be Kind Rewind Mike
Cadillac Records Chuck Berry
2009 Next Day Air Eric
House Lee Season 5, Episode 19, Locked In
2010 I'm Still Here Himself
Bouncing Cats Himself
Yo Gabba Gabba! Super Mr. Superhero Season 3, Episode 44, Superhero
2011 Dexter Brother Sam Season 6, recurring, (credited as "Mos" in 2 episodes, "yasiin bey" in 3 episodes)
2013 Begin Again Saul
2014 Life of Crime Ordell Robbie

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Yasiin Bey Would Like You To Quit Calling Him Mos Def". The Awl. 26 June 2012. Retrieved 15 May 2014. 
  2. ^ Jason Birchmeier (1973-12-11). "Mos Def | Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved 2014-08-09. 
  3. ^ a b "Mos Def Digital Biography". HipHopScriptures.com. Retrieved June 16, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "IMDb: Mos Def". IMDb.com. Retrieved June 16, 2014. 
  5. ^ a b Asadullah, Ali (April 2001). "You're Gonna Serve Somebody". Beliefnet. Retrieved March 11, 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c "The SPIN Interview: Mos Def". spin.com. August 1, 2009. Retrieved June 16, 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c "From Brooklyn to Bo-Kaap". RollingStone.co.za. March 10, 2014. Retrieved June 17, 2014. 
  8. ^ "About Mos Def". MTV.com. Retrieved June 14, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Manifest Destiny [2004]". AllMusic.com. 2004. Retrieved June 14, 2014. 
  10. ^ Drake, David (September 24, 2011). "Review: Black Star at the House of Blues". Chicago Tribune. 
  11. ^ Posted by TheSavvySista on 6:52 AM (2008-10-01). "VH1's 100 greatest Hip-Hop songs". The-savvy-sista.com. Retrieved 2011-02-20. 
  12. ^ a b Steve Huey (1999-10-12). "Black on Both Sides - Mos Def | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 2014-08-09. 
  13. ^ "New Music Report: Mos Def's "The Ecstatic"". Rolling Stone. 
  14. ^ [1][dead link]
  15. ^ "Al Be Back speaks on Mos Def's new CD". Hiphopgame.com. 2008-01-15. Retrieved 2011-02-20. 
  16. ^ "Hip Hop Single of the Day – Mos Def – Fine (2002)". WeLiveThis.com. Retrieved June 7, 2009. [dead link]
  17. ^ [2][dead link]
  18. ^ Newman, Kathleen (2009-04-29). "K'Naan Hopes To Break The U.S. With Help From Mos Def, Adam Levine". MTV.com. Retrieved 2011-02-20. 
  19. ^ "Mos Def Live at Cape Town Jazz Fest // 125129". Wearehunted.com. Retrieved 2010-03-01. 
  20. ^ "Converse — Connectivity". Converse.com. 2009-09-28. Retrieved 2011-02-20. 
  21. ^ "UNDRCRWN ~ Footwear & Apparel". Undrcrwn.com. Retrieved 2010-03-01. [dead link]
  22. ^ http://www.mtv.com/news/1627129/damon-dash-brings-artists-together-with-dd172/
  23. ^ "Palm Advertising Campaign". palm.com. Retrieved 2010-04-15. 
  24. ^ Denis, Vanessa (2010-09-27). "Mos Def Signs With Kanye West's G.O.O.D. Music - Music, Celebrity, Artist News". MTV. Retrieved 2011-08-11. 
  25. ^ Perpetua, Matthew (7 September 2011). "Mos Def to Retire the Name 'Mos Def'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 8 September 2011. 
  26. ^ "Faces: Yasiin Bey", Yeah, I Love it! Magazine, January 31, 2012.
  27. ^ "Awards Archive". Outercritics.org. Retrieved 2010-03-01. 
  28. ^ "Mos Def | Television Academy". Emmys.com. Retrieved 2014-08-09. 
  29. ^ Dos Santos, Kristin (2009-03-27). House: Mos Def'initely Deserves an Emmy. E!. Retrieved 2009-03-30. [dead link]
  30. ^ Brantley, Ben (2010-11-18). "Theater Review - 'A Free Man of Color' - John Guare’s ‘Free Man of Color’ at Vivian Beaumont". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-02-20. 
  31. ^ Guthrie, Marisa (May 11, 2011). "Mos Def Joins 'Dexter'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 25, 2011. 
  32. ^ Roberts, Roxanne; Amy Argetsinger (July 8, 2013). "Mos Def, aka Yasiin Bey, undergoes force-feeding to protest Guantanamo measures". The Reliable Source. The Washington Post. Retrieved 30 August 2013. 
  33. ^ Odiaga, L.V.R. (2000-05-23). "Mos Def, Black Thought To Perform At Mumia Benefit". MTV.com. Retrieved 2011-08-21. 
  34. ^ "Mos Def arrested outside VMAs". Mp3.com. 2006-09-01. Retrieved 2007-11-09
  35. ^ "Mos Def". 4REAL. Retrieved 2011-02-20. 
  36. ^ "4REAL Mos Def in Cidade de Deuas". 4real.com. Retrieved 2011-02-20. 
  37. ^ "episode 147". Real Time with Bill Maher. Season 7. Episode 6. 2009-03-27. HBO. http://www.hbo.com/billmaher/episode/2009_03_27_ep147.html.
  38. ^ "Overtime". Real Time Bill Maher. Season 7. Episode 6. 2007-03-27. HBO. http://www.hbo.com/billmaher/video/.
  39. ^ "Yasiin Bey (aka Mos Def) force-fed under standard Guantánamo Bay procedure – video". The Guardian. Retrieved July 8, 2013.
  40. ^ "Yasiin Bey force-feeding video launches campaign to support Guantanamo hunger-strikers". Reprieve. 2013-07-08. Retrieved 2014-08-09. 
  41. ^ "The 50 Greatest Rappers of All Time". Rap.about.com. 2014-06-25. Retrieved 2014-08-09. 
  42. ^ "The Source's Top 50 Lyricists Of All Time **Complete List Inside**". ThisIs50.com. Retrieved 2014-08-09. 
  43. ^ "Mos Def | Music Biography, Credits and Discography". AllMusic. 1973-12-11. Retrieved 2014-08-09. 
  44. ^ "Mos Def | Similar Artists, Infuenced By, Followers". AllMusic. 1973-12-11. Retrieved 2014-08-09. 
  45. ^ "Mos Def Followers". MTV. Retrieved 2014-08-09. 
  46. ^ "Jay Electronica | Similar Artists, Infuenced By, Followers". AllMusic. Retrieved 2014-08-09. 
  47. ^ a b c "Scenes from a hip-hop marriage". TheStar.com. 29 June 2008. Retrieved 14 June 2014 "She said there were several attempts at reconciliation, but that Mos Def, who has six children with four different women, has a demanding though not abusive demeanour that she found difficult to abide. They have not been together since October 2006, but despite a $115,000 financial settlement are not officially divorced.". 
  48. ^ a b "Daddy Is 'Def' Behind". New York Post. February 15, 2006. Retrieved June 14, 2014. 
  49. ^ Rabin, Nathan (2012-11-21). "Breaking The Code Of Silence is a tell-all, by Mos Def's ex-wife, that tells little · Silly Little Show-Biz Book Club · The A.V. Club". Avclub.com. Retrieved 2014-08-09. 
  50. ^ Tang, Melisa (2006-06-29). "Mos Def Tossed Out of Court | Get The Latest Hip Hop News, Rap News & Hip Hop Album Sales". HipHop DX. Retrieved 2014-08-09. 
  51. ^ "Mos Def In Court Over Child Support". UPI.com. February 15, 2006. Retrieved June 14, 2014. 
  52. ^ "Sheron Smith: Umi Says". All HipHop. March 29, 2007. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 

External links[edit]