||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (October 2011)|
of the Federal Assembly of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
January 29, 1954 – March 15, 1957
|Preceded by||Milovan Djilas|
|Succeeded by||Petar Stambolic|
|Born||January 4, 1890
Belgrade, Kingdom of Serbia
|Died||15 March 1957
Paris, French Fourth Republic
|Political party||League of Communists of Yugoslavia (SKJ)|
|Occupation||Painter, Art critic, Publicist, Revolutionary, Resistance commander, Statesman|
|Religion||None (Atheist) (Originally Judaism)|
|Allegiance||Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia|
|Service/branch||Yugoslav People's Army|
|Rank||Major General of Yugoslav People's Army|
Yugoslav People's Army
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards|| Order of the People's Hero
Order of the Hero of Socialist Labour
Order of the brotherhood and unity
Order of the partisan star
Order of the National liberation
Order for courageousness
Moša Pijade (Serbian Cyrillic: Мoшa Пиjaдe; Belgrade, January 4, 1890 – Paris, March 15, 1957), nicknamed Čiča Janko (Чича Јанко, lit. Uncle Janko) was a prominent Yugoslavian/Serbian Communist of Sephardic Jewish origin, a close collaborator of Josip Broz Tito, former President of Yugoslavia, and full member of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts.
Life and career
In his youth, Pijade was a painter, art critic and publicist. He was also known for translating Das Kapital by Karl Marx into Serbo-Croatian. He is thought to have had a major influence on Marxist ideology as exposed during the old regime in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. In 1925, he was sentenced to 20 years in prison because of his 'revolutionary activities' after World War I. He was discharged after 14 years in 1939 and imprisoned again in 1941 in the camp Bileć.
He was known as the creator of so-called 'Foča regulations' (1942), which prescribed the foundation and activity of people's liberation committees in the liberated territories during the war against the Nazis. In November 1943, before the second AVNOJ meeting in Jajce, he initiated the foundation of Tanjug, which later became the state news agency of SFR Yugoslavia, nowadays of Serbia.
Pijade held high political posts during and after World War II and was a member of the Central Committee and the Politburo of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia. He was one of the leaders of Tito's partisans and was subsequently proclaimed People's Hero of Yugoslavia. He was one of six Vice Presidents of the Presidium of the Yugoslavian Parliament (deputy head of state) 1945–1953.
In 1948 Pijade convinced Tito to allow those Jews who remained in Yugosolvia to emigrate to Israel. Tito agreed on a one time exception basis. As a result, 3,000 Jews were allowed to emigrate from Yugoslovia to Israel on the SS Kefalos in December 1948. Among those was Tommy Lapid who became Deputy Prime Minister of Israel and is the father of Yair Lapid.
After having led the law commission of the Parliament, he was Vice-President (1953–1954) and President of the Yugoslavian Parliament or Skupština (1954–1955). In 1957, he died in Paris during the return from a visit to London where he had talks as leader of a Yugoslav parliamentary delegation.
Streets in many cities of the former Yugoslav countries were once named after him.
The document stored under number K-12, 30/12 at the Archive of the Institute of the History of War in Belgrade in the file Staff of the Supreme Command (JVUO), Chetnik archive (now accessible to the public), contains the following transcript of a speech given by Moša Pijade at the AVNOJ conference in Bihać in November 1942.:[context?]
Potrebno je zato stvoriti toliko mnogo beskućnika, da ovi beskućnici budu većina u državi.
Stoga mi moramo da palimo. Pripucaćemo pa ćemo se povući. Nemci nas neće naći, ali će iz osvete da pale sela. Onda će nam seljaci, koji tamo ostanu bez krova, sami doći i mi ćemo imati narod uza se pa ćemo na taj način postati gospodari situacije. Oni koji nemaju ni kuće ni zemlje ni stoke, brzo će se i sami priključiti nama, jer ćemo im obećati veliku pljačku.Teže će biti sa onima koji imaju neki posed. Njih ćemo povezati uza se predavanjima, pozorišnim predstavama i drugom propagandom... Tako ćemo postepeno proći kroz sve pokrajine. Seljak koji poseduje kuću, zemlju i stoku, radnik koji prima platu i ima hleba, za nas ništa ne vredi. Mi od njih moramo načiniti beskućnike, proletere... Samo nesrećnici postaju komunisti, zato mi moramo nesreću stvoriti, mase u očajanje baciti, mi smo smrtni neprijatelji svakog blagostanja, reda i mira...
Translated into English, this reads as follows:
It is therefore necessary to create a multitude of homeless people so that they become the majority in the country.
Therefore, we must burn. We must shoot [at the Germans] and retreat. Germans will not find us, but they will take revenge on the villages and burn them. Then the villagers who are left without a roof over their heads, will join us of their own accord, so we will have the nation behind us and we will become the masters of the situation. Those who have neither a house, nor land nor livestock, will quickly join us, as we will promise them great robbery.It will be much harder with those who have possessions of their own. Those we will woo with lectures, theater performances and other propaganda ... In this way we will gradually conquer all provinces. A villager who has a house, land and livestock, or a worker in receipt of salary who has bread, are both worthless to us. We have to make them homeless, proletarians ... Only those who have failed become communists, so we have to create misfortune, force the masses into despair. We are mortal enemies of all prosperity, order and peace ...
- Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
- Josip Broz Tito
- Partisans (Yugoslavia)
- Milovan Đilas
- Edvard Kardelj
- Yair Lapid Memories After My Death: The Story of Joseph 'Tommy' Lapid Page 81
- Vladislav B. Sotirović, Na odru Titografije, Lithuanian University of Educational Sciences Press, T. Ševčenkos g. 31, LT-03111 Vilnius, Lithuania, 2012, ISBN 978-609-408-241-2
- "Komunistička strategija osvajanja vlasti".
- "Sedemdeset let prikrita resnica".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Moša Pijade.|
- Jaša Romano (1980). "Jews of Yugoslavia 1941 - 1945". Federation of Jewish communities of Yugoslavia. Retrieved 2007-08-16.
- "Šezdeset godina Tanjugove fotografije:Vili Šimunov Barba". Tanjug.
- Sephardic Jews and Communism