Mosbach

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Not to be confused with Moßbach.
Mosbach
Mosbach Merianblick 3.JPG
Coat of arms of Mosbach
Coat of arms
Mosbach   is located in Germany
Mosbach
Mosbach
Coordinates: 49°21′8″N 9°8′48″E / 49.35222°N 9.14667°E / 49.35222; 9.14667Coordinates: 49°21′8″N 9°8′48″E / 49.35222°N 9.14667°E / 49.35222; 9.14667
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Karlsruhe
District Neckar-Odenwald-Kreis
Subdivisions 6
Government
 • Mayor Michael Jann (CDU)
Area
 • Total 62.23 km2 (24.03 sq mi)
Elevation 156 m (512 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 22,913
 • Density 370/km2 (950/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 74801–74821
Dialling codes 06261
Vehicle registration MOS
Website www.mosbach.de

Mosbach is the capital of the Neckar-Odenwald district in the north of Baden-Württemberg, Germany, about 58 km east of Heidelberg. Its geographical position is 49.21'N 9.9'E.

It has a population of approximately 25,000 people distributed in six boroughs: Mosbach Town, Lohrbach, Neckarelz, Diedesheim, Sattelbach and Reichenbuch.

Geography[edit]

Mosbach is situated south of the Odenwald mountains at a height of 134-354m at the confluence of the Neckar and the Elz. The town is part of the conservation area Naturpark Neckartal-Odenwald and the UNESCO Geopark Bergstraße-Odenwald.

History[edit]

The settlement of Mosbach developed around the Benedictine monastery of Mosbach Abbey ("Monasterium Mosabach"), the first written record of which dates from the 9th century. In 1241 rights and privileges had been granted to Mosbach as an Imperial free city. These rights were lost in 1362 when Mosbach became part of the Electorate of the Palatinate. With the division of the lands of King Rupert in 1410, Mosbach became the capital of a small principality known as Palatinate-Mosbach as the inheritance for his son Otto I. With the death of his brother John, Count Palatine of Neumarkt 1443, the territory of Palatinate-Neumarkt was added in a personal union to Palatinate-Mosbach creating the territory of Palatinate-Mosbach-Neumarkt. This principality was dissolved with the death of Count Palatine Otto II in 1499. The city and adjoining territory reverted to the Electorate of the Palatinate, and Mosbach became the capital of the administrative district of "Oberamt Mosbach". In 1806 the city was made part of the Grand Duchy of Baden. In World War II, the Mosbach area was the location of an underground airplane engine factory.[2]

International relations[edit]

Mosbach is twinned with:

Points of interest[edit]

Its historic sites include:

  • the historic town centre with the pedestrian area and timber-framed houses, such as:
    • the Palm House built in 1610, which is the town’s emblem
    • the Salzhaus, which is the oldest timber-framed house
  • old town hall with tower
  • the former collegiate church, now a parish church, of which the nave is used by the Protestants, and the chancel by the Roman Catholics
  • the Tempelhaus in Neckarelz, which has the character of both a castle and a church.

Mosbach lies on the following heritage routes:

  • the Burgenstraße('“Castle Road”), linking many historic castles
  • the Deutsche Fachwerkstraße (“German Half-timbered Road”), joining the locations of many of the best German half-timbered buildings

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012 (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 12 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Gurney, Gene (Major, USAF) (1962), The War in the Air: a pictorial history of World War II Air Forces in combat, New York: Bonanza Books, pp. p220