Sheremetyevo International Airport

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Sheremetyevo International Airport
Международный аэропорт Шереметьево
Sheremetyevo logo.png
Sheremetyevo view.JPG
Sheremetyevo view
IATA: SVOICAO: UUEE
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator International Airport Sheremetyevo
Serves Moscow
Location Khimki, Moscow Oblast, Russia
Hub for * Aeroflot * Nordavia * Nordwind Airlines
Elevation AMSL 622 ft / 190 m
Coordinates 55°58′22″N 037°24′53″E / 55.97278°N 37.41472°E / 55.97278; 37.41472Coordinates: 55°58′22″N 037°24′53″E / 55.97278°N 37.41472°E / 55.97278; 37.41472
Website www.svo.aero
Map
UUEE is located in Moscow Oblast
UUEE
UUEE
Location in Moscow Oblast
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07R/25L 3,700 12,139 Concrete
07L/25R 3,550 11,647 Concrete
Statistics (2013)
Number of Passengers 29,256,000
Aircraft Movements 243,858
Press release[1]
The Sheremetyevo International airport

Sheremetyevo International Airport (Russian: Международный Аэропорт Шереме́тьево; IPA: [ʂɨrʲɪˈmʲetʲjɪvə]) (IATA: SVOICAO: UUEE) is an international airport located in Khimki, Moscow Oblast, Russia, 29 km (18 mi) northwest of central Moscow. It is a hub for passenger operations of the Russian international airline Aeroflot, and is one of the three major airports that serve Moscow, along with Domodedovo International Airport and Vnukovo International Airport (the IATA city code for Sheremetyevo, Domodedovo, and Vnukovo is MOW). It is now the second-largest airport in Russia, after Domodedovo. In 2013, the airport handled 29,256,000 passengers and 243,858 aircraft movements.[1]

History[edit]

Sheremetyevo's Terminal F was built for the 1980 Moscow Olympics.

Sheremetyevo was opened on 11 August 1959; the first international flight was on 1 June 1960 to Berlin (Schönefeld Airport). The new airport received its name for two nearby venues: the village of Sheremetyevsky and the Savelov station on the railway of the same name. Sheremetyevo-1 (used by domestic flights) was opened on 3 September 1964. On 12 September 1967, the first scheduled passenger flight of the Tupolev Tu-134 departed from Sheremetyevo (to Stockholm), followed by the first scheduled flight of the Ilyushin Il-62 (to Montreal) on 15 September. Sheremetyevo-2, the larger of the two terminal complexes, opened on 1 January 1980 for the 1980 Summer Olympics. It was built according to the principles of design of Hannover-Langenhagen Airport, and was the arrival and departure point for international flights. Flights to cities in Russia and charter flights arrived and departed from Sheremetyevo-1. There is no physical connection between the two terminal complexes; they are essentially separate airports that use the same set of runways. Pulkovo Airport in Saint Petersburg; Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport in Minneapolis-Saint Paul, Minnesota; Sydney Airport in New South Wales, Australia; Perth Airport in Western Australia; Ferihegy in Budapest; and Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Manila, Philippines are other examples. In the 2000s, Sheremetyevo saw growing competition from a newer and more comfortable Domodedovo International Airport. With major airlines leaving Sheremetyevo (most notably, Lufthansa, British Airways, Iberia, Japan Airlines, Brussels Airlines, Austrian Airlines, and Swiss International Air Lines), the need for reconstruction had become evermore evident.[citation needed]

Terminal E was opened in 2010.
Departure board at Sheremetyevo 'F'

Since 3 July 2010, a walkway opened between Terminals D, E, F, and the Aeroexpress railway terminal on the public access side.[2] Since 2 November 2010, a walkway opened between Terminals D, E, and F on the security side.[3] Both of these simplify transfer between transit flights. After the reconstruction, the southern complex of the airport (terminals D, E and F) will be able to receive up to 25 million passengers annually. Ultimately, after the northern part of the airport is reconstructed, the airport will have the capacity to receive 40 million passengers annually.[4] Since December 25, 2009, all terminals have been identified by letters (Latin characters) as opposed to numbers. In December 2011, a new Area control center (ACC) was opened. It consolidates the gathering, monitoring, and control of the airport's different control centres across all of the organizations that have an impact on its efficient operation.[5] The Situational Center also forms part of the airport control center. SC is intended for joint work of top-managers, heads of state bodies, and partners of Sheremetyevo. It is activated only in the case of an emergency.[6]

Future development[edit]

A 20-year master plan (until 2025) that includes the incorporation of Terminal 3, the construction of a third runway, and the phased expansion of the airport, was developed in September 2008. The master plan aims to create a strategy for long-term land development. The Ministry of Transport has granted approximately $2bn from the Federal budget and $1bn from non-budgetary funds for the upgrade project. The contract to prepare the airport master plan was awarded to Scott Wilson Group.[7] Additionally, the airport's two runways are set for major reconstruction, including widening and resurfacing. The Moscow Oblast government has reserved adjacent land for a future third runway.

Terminals and infrastructure[edit]

Sheremetyevo International Airport currently has four operating passenger terminals and one special terminal reserved for the use of private and business aviation. The airport's terminals are divided into two groups based on geographical location: the north and south terminal areas. The two terminal areas are linked by regular internal and external bus services.

North terminals[edit]

Terminal A[edit]

Sheremetyevo's business aviation facility - Terminal A.

Opened in 2012 to the east of Terminal B, Terminal A is used for the servicing of business and private aviation. Twenty-two remote stands, which previously made up the 'Western Sector' of Terminal B, now belong to Terminal A.

Terminal B[edit]

Terminal B, previously Sheremetyevo-1, catered mainly to internal low-cost flights.[4] Currently, the terminal has 64 remote aircraft stands, including 8 stands used for the maintenance of Aeroflot aircraft, and five in the 'Eastern Sector' which are used to service cargo flights. Located in the northern part of the airport, the terminal was put into operation in 1964. Is divided into two buildings: the arrival hall zone and departures area. Terminal B is remarkable for its architecturally unique and unusual spaceship-like gate area, which is connected to the main building by a passenger footbridge. The terminal's design was masterminded by a project team working under the guidance of architects and G Elkin Yu Kryukov.

Terminal C[edit]

Terminal C - Charter and international flights

Terminal C cost an estimated US$87.7 million to construct. It has 40,000 m2 (430,000 sq ft) of floorspace and has a capacity of 5 million passengers per year. The terminal now tends to handle flights of CIS carriers and charter airlines. On March 12, 2007, Sheremetyevo opened its first entirely new-build terminal for the servicing of international flights. Located in the northern part of the airport and adjacent to Terminal B, it has 30 check-in counters, 36 passport control booths, a three-level automatic baggage sorting system, and six air bridges. Terminal C is connected by way of an elevated pedestrian gallery with a multistory parking facility for 1,000 vehicles. In autumn 2008, an orthodox chapel (of Archangel Michael and the other Bodiless) was opened on the terminal's third (departures) floor.

South terminals[edit]

Terminal D[edit]

Sheremetyevo's Terminal D

Terminal D, opened in November 2009, is adjacent to Terminal F. The 172,000 m2 (1,850,000 sq ft) building is a hub for Aeroflot and its SkyTeam partners, with capacity for 12 million passengers per year.[8] Aeroflot had been trying to implement the project of a new terminal (Sheremetyevo-3) since January 2001. However, construction only began in 2005, with commissioning of the complex finally taking place on 15 November 2009. The acquisition of its own terminal was a condition of Aeroflot's entry into the SkyTeam airline alliance, thus necessitating the construction. The main contractor for the build was a Turkish company - Enka. Terminal D has 22 jetways and 11 remote stands. On November 15, 2009 at 9:15 a.m., the first flight from Terminal D (the new official name of Sheremetyevo-3) departed for the southern resort city of Sochi. Despite this, Aeroflot took a number of months (due to unexpected administrative delays) to transfer all of its international flights from Terminal F to D (a full transfer was originally planned for February 2010).[9] Whilst previously Terminal D had remained a separate legal entity from the rest of Sheremetyevo Airport, in spring 2012, it became an integrated unit of "Sheremetyevo International Airport" JSC. As part of the deal, Aeroflot, VEB Bank, and VTB Bank, all of which had invested in the construction of Terminal D, became part shareholders in the airport as a whole. The basis for the architectural and artistic image of Terminal D is that of a giant swan with outstretched wings.

Terminal E[edit]

Sheremetyevo's Terminal F

Terminal E[10] opened in 2010 as a capacity expansion project, connecting terminals D and F. The terminal's construction has allowed for the development of terminals D and F, as well as the railway station, into a single south terminal complex. The terminals of this complex are connected by a number of pedestrian walkways with travelators, thus allowing for passengers to move freely between its constituent facilities. In December 2010, a new chapel dedicated to St. Nicholas opened on the second floor of Terminal E. The terminal is used for international flights, primarily by Aeroflot and its SkyTeam partners. Terminal E has 8 jetway equipped gates. The V-Express Transit Hotel between security/passport check-ins provides short-term accommodations for passengers changing planes without having to present a visa for entering Russia. The hotel drew international attention in June 2013 when Edward Snowden checked into the hotel while seeking asylum.[11]

Terminal F[edit]

Opened on May 6, 1980 for the Moscow Summer Olympics, Terminal F, previously Sheremetyevo-2, has 15 jetways and 21 remote aircraft stands. The terminal was designed to service 6 million passengers per year. Until the completion of Terminal C, it was Sheremetyevo's only terminal that was capable of adequately servicing international flights. The design is a larger version of the one of Hannover-Langenhagen Airport by the same architects. A major reconstruction of the terminal and its interior space was completed by late 2009. For the convenience of passengers, the departures lounge and Duty Free zone were thoroughly modernised, whilst a number of partition walls were removed to create extra retail and lounge space.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Air Astana Airbus A320 on stand at Sheremetyevo International Airport.
Aeroflot Airbus A330-300 taxiing at Sheremetyevo International Airport.
Delta Air Lines Boeing 767-400 with SkyTeam livery on stand at Sheremetyevo International Airport, Terminal D.
Nordavia Boeing 737-500 taxiing at Sheremetyevo International Airport.
Rossiya Airbus A319 taxiing at Sheremetyevo International Airport.
Aeroflot Boeing 777-300ER during landing.
Nordwind Airlines Boeing 767-300 taxiing at Sheremetyevo International Airport.
Airlines Destinations Terminal
Adria Airways Ljubljana F
Aeroflot Abakan, Anapa, Antalya, Arkhangelsk (begins 2 January 2015),[12] Astrakhan, Baku, Barcelona, Barnaul, Berlin-Schönefeld, Bishkek, Budapest, Blagoveshchensk, Cancún, Chelyabinsk, Chișinău (resumes 27 October 2014),[13] Chita, Copenhagen, Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk (suspended),[14] Dresden, Düsseldorf, Eilat-Ovda, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Hanoi, Hanover, Havana, Helsinki, Hong Kong, Ho Chi Minh City, Irkutsk, Istanbul-Atatürk, Kaliningrad, Karagandy, Karlovy Vary, Kazan, Kemerovo, Khabarovsk, Kharkiv, Kiev-Boryspil, Kraków, Krasnodar, Krasnoyarsk-Yemelyanovo, Larnaca, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Magnitogorsk,[15] Miami, Milan-Malpensa, Mineralnye Vody, Minsk-National, Murmansk (begins 2 January 2015),[12] Munich, New York-JFK, Nizhnekamsk, Nizhnevartovsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Novokuznetsk,[16] Novosibirsk, Novy Urengoy,[17] Odessa, Omsk, Orenburg, Oslo-Gardermoen, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Perm, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Punta Cana, Riga, Rome-Fiumicino, Rostov-on-Don, Saint Petersburg, Samara, Seoul-Incheon, Simferopol, Sochi, Stockholm-Arlanda, Stuttgart, Surgut, Tallinn, Tashkent, Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tbilisi (resumes 26 October 2014),[18] Tenerife-South, Tokyo-Narita, Tomsk, Toronto-Pearson,[19] Tyumen, Ufa, Ulaanbaatar, Ulan-Ude, Venice, Vilnius, Voronezh, Vladivostok, Volgograd, Warsaw-Chopin, Washington-Dulles, Yakutsk,[20] Yekaterinburg, Yerevan, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk,
Seasonal: Gelendzhik, Innsbruck[21]
D
Aeroflot Bucharest-Henri Coandă, Dubai-International, Málaga, Nice, Prague, Thessaloniki, Tivat, Vienna, Zagreb
Seasonal: Dubrovnik, Split
E
Aeroflot Amsterdam, Athens, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beirut, Beijing-Capital, Belgrade, Bologna, Brussels, Cairo, Delhi, Guangzhou, Geneva, Hong Kong, Malé, Shanghai-Pudong, Sofia, Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Zürich
Seasonal: Goa, Denpasar/Bali, Phuket, Salzburg,
Charter Chambéry, Heraklion, Rhodes, Verona
F
Aeroflot
operated by Dobrolet
Kazan (begins 1 October 2014), Perm, Samara, Simferopol, Surgut, Ufa, Volgograd, Yekaterinburg, [22] B
Aeroflot
operated by Donavia
Mineralnye Vody, Rostov-on-Don, Stavropol D
Aeroflot
operated by Orenair
Irkutsk,[23] Khabarovsk, Krasnodar[23] D
Air Algérie Algiers, Vienna (begins 29 October 2014)[24] C
Air Astana Almaty, Astana, Atyrau[25] E
Air China Beijing-Capital F
Air France Marseille, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Paris-Orly[26] E
Air Koryo Pyongyang[27] C
Air Malta Malta[28] F
Air One Pisa (ends 30 October 2014) C, E
Air Serbia Belgrade F
airBaltic Riga E
Alitalia Milan-Malpensa, Rome-Fiumicino D
Ariana Afghan Airlines Baku, Kabul[29] C
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Seasonal: Burgas, Varna
F
China Eastern Airlines Shanghai-Pudong, Xi'an[30] F
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou, Ürümqi, Wuhan F
Cyprus Airways Larnaca F
Czech Airlines Karlovy Vary, Prague F
Delta Air Lines New York-JFK D
Estonian Air Tallinn E
Finnair Helsinki D
Hainan Airlines Beijing-Capital F
KLM Amsterdam E
Iran Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini (resumes 23 September 2014)[31] F
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon D
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin F
MIAT Mongolian Airlines Berlin-Tegel, Ulaanbaatar F
Nordavia Arkhangelsk, Murmansk, Naryan-Mar, Syktyvkar D
Nordwind Airlines Seasonal Charter: Alicante, Antalya, Barcelona, Catania, Cagliari, Enfidha, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Ibiza, Larnaca, Málaga, Monastir, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Palermo, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tenerife C
Onurair Antalya Е
Orenair Charter: Alicante ,[32] Agadir, Antalya, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Cancún, Dalaman, Dubai-International, Hangzhou, Hurghada, Marsa Alam, Mombasa, Pardubice, Phuket, Punta Cana, Sharjah, Sharm el-Sheikh, Split, Xi'an, Taba, Tianjin C
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca E
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Stockholm-Arlanda D
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu (begins 1 October 2014) F
TAROM Bucharest-Henri Coandă[33] E
Transaero Airlines Antalya, Hurghada, Phuket, Sharm el-Sheikh
Seasonal: Punta Cana, Salzburg (begins 27 December 2014)
Charter: Burgas, Enfidha, Rhodes, Varna
F

Cargo[edit]

An MD-11 of Aeroflot Cargo upon arrival at Sheremetyevo.
Airlines Destinations
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Amsterdam, Atyrau, Beijing-Capital, Chengdu, Frankfurt, Frankfurt-Hahn, Hong Kong, Leipzig-Halle, Milan-Malpensa, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Shanghai-Pudong, Seoul-Incheon, Tokyo-Narita, Zaragoza, Zhengzhou
Korean Air Cargo Frankfurt, Seoul-Incheon
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt, Seoul-Incheon, Tokyo-Narita
Polet Airlines Hong Kong, Lahore
TNT Airways Liège

Transport and accessibility[edit]

Train[edit]

In November 2004, an express train connection was established from the Savyolovsky station to the Lobnya station, which is 7 km (4.3 mi) from the airport, with the remainder of the journey taken by bus or taxi. On 10 June 2008, a 60,000 square meter rail terminal opened in front of Terminal F, with direct service from Savyolovsky station. A shuttle bus service ferries passengers to Terminal B and Terminal C.[34] From 28 August 2009, the line was extended to Belorussky station, and by 2015, it is intended that a new central rail terminal will serve all three of Moscow's main airports. As of 2010, the train operates to Belorussky station nonstop, with the service at Savyolovsky eliminated. The rail link is operated by Aeroexpress, a subsidiary of Russian Railways.[35]

Road[edit]

The main road leading to the airport — Leningradskoye Highway — has experienced large traffic jams. Slow buses and faster minivans (fixed price shared taxis, known as marshrutkas) connect Sheremetyevo with Moscow's extensive metro network. Official airport taxis are available from taxi counters in arrivals. Prices to the city are fixed based on zones. A shuttle bus connects the northern cluster (Terminals B and C) with the south cluster (Terminals D, E, and F).

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 26 September 1960, Austrian Airlines Flight 901 crashed 11 km (6.8 mi) short of the runway at Sheremetyevo Airport. Of the 37 people on board, 31 died.[36]
  • On 27 November 1972, Japan Airlines Flight 446, a DC-8-62, crashed while in an initial climb on a route from Sheremetyevo International Airport to Haneda Airport. There were 14 crew members and 62 passengers on board the aircraft. A total of 9 crew and 52 passengers died, with a total of 61 of 76 occupants dead.[37]
  • On 6 July 1982, Aeroflot Flight 411, an Ilyushin Il-62, crashed on takeoff; all 90 on board died.[38]
  • On 28 July 2002, a Pulkovo Airlines Ilyushin Il-86 with 16 crew members and no passengers on board crashed shortly after takeoff. Two stewardesses survived.
  • On 23 June 2013, Edward J. Snowden, a former intelligence contractor on the run from American authorities, arrived on a flight from Hong Kong. He had resided in this airport for a month before being granted temporary asylum.[citation needed]
  • On 3 June 2014, Ilyushin Il-96 RA-98010 of Aeroflot was damaged beyond economical repair in a fire whilst parked.[39]

In popular culture[edit]

  • The airport is the setting of the opening of "Olympic Games" (1980), the 13th episode of the animated television series Nu, pogodi! (1969–2006).
  • In Tom Clancy's spy novel The Cardinal of the Kremlin (1988), the US Negotiations team lands at Sheremetyevo from Shannon Airport in Ireland. The KGB chairman and his prisoner also arrive there to board the Negotiations team VC-137 out to defect to the United States.
  • In the action thriller film Air Force One (1997), the president of the United States takes off from Sheremetyevo, but the plane is hijacked by terrorists shortly after takeoff.
  • The airport is featured in the action spy film The Bourne Supremacy (2004) starring Matt Damon. Terminal 2 is shown, followed by a scene shot at the arrival/pick-up area outside Terminal 2.
  • The airport (with a different name, Zakhaev International Airport) is featured in the first-person shooter video game Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2 (2009) in the controversial mission "No Russian", during which Terminal D is attacked by terrorists.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sheremetyevo International Airport: Operating Results 2009
  2. ^ http://svo.aero/en/between-terminals/south/
  3. ^ Sheremetyevo International Airport Launches Walkway between Terminals D and E — Sheremetyevo International Airport
  4. ^ a b Sheremetyevo to Apply Literal Identification of Terminals
  5. ^ "Sheremetyevo's AMC: an investment in efficiency", airport-technology.com, February 2012
  6. ^ "The new control center of Sheremetyevo airport"
  7. ^ "Sheremetyevo International Airport (SVO/UUEE), Russian Federation"
  8. ^ The Moodie Report - Moscow Sheremetyevo T3 opening slated for November
  9. ^ Transfer of international flights to the Sheremetyevo Terminal D delayed once more
  10. ^ Official website - Airport Map
  11. ^ Snowden’s plane lands in Havana, NSA leaker not seen aboard — RT News
  12. ^ a b L, J (24 April 2014). "AEROFLOT Plans Moscow – Arkhangelsk / Murmansk Service from Jan 2015". Airline Route. Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
  13. ^ Пахольницкий, Николай (16 July 2014). ""Аэрофлот" окрыляет Молдову". Коммерсантъ-MD. Infinit-Media. Retrieved 16 July 2014. 
  14. ^ Notice for passengers
  15. ^ ""Аэрофлот" будет летать из Москвы в Магнитогорск". TRAVEL.RU. 12 March 2013. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  16. ^ "Аэрофлот открыл продажу билетов на регулярные рейсы Москва – Новокузнецк - Москва". Новости. Аэрофлот. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  17. ^ L, J (25 December 2013). "AEROFLOT Resumes Novy Urengoy Service from late-March 2014". UBM Live. Retrieved 25 December 2013. 
  18. ^ "Season timetable". destination: Tbilisi. Sheremetyevo International Airport. Retrieved 7 April 2014. 
  19. ^ Aeroflot annonce un Moscou – Toronto | Air Journal
  20. ^ Плохотниченко, Юрий (11 December 2012). ""Аэрофлот" будет летать из Москвы в Якутск". Travel.ru. Retrieved 13 December 2012. 
  21. ^ http://www.aeroflot.ru/eng/about.aspx?ob_no=549&d_no=35020
  22. ^ "Dobrolet Booking". Dobrolet. Retrieved 26 May 2013. 
  23. ^ a b "АЭРОФЛОТ И ОРЕНБУРГСКИЕ АВИАЛИНИИ НАЧИНАЮТ СОВМЕСТНУЮ ЭКСПЛУАТАЦИЮ ЛИНИЙ МОСКВА - ИРКУТСК И МОСКВА - КРАСНОДАР". АвиаПорт.Ru. Retrieved 23 May 2012. 
  24. ^ Air Algerie to Consolidate Vienna / Moscow Operations in W14
  25. ^ "Эйр Астана. Новый рейс Атырау-Москва-Атырау". International Travel plus. 1 February 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  26. ^ "Air France хочет летать в Москву из обоих аэропортов Парижа". Travel.ru. 8 October 2012. Retrieved 9 October 2012. 
  27. ^ "Flights Schedule". Air Koyro. Retrieved 29 January 2013. 
  28. ^ "Flights Schedule". Air Malta. Retrieved 29 January 2013. 
  29. ^ Ariana schedule
  30. ^ L, J (9 June 2014). "China Eastern Adds Xi’An – Moscow Service from July 2014". Airline Route. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  31. ^ "Iran Air Resumes Moscow Service from late-Sept 2014". Airline Route. 19 September 2014. Retrieved 19 September 2014. 
  32. ^ http://online.labirint.travel/seats_monitor.php?town=2&country=70&date1=25.04.2014&date2=25.07.2014
  33. ^ L, J (22 October 2013). "TAROM Resumes Geneva and Moscow Service in W13". Airline Route. Retrieved 22 October 2013. 
  34. ^ "Aeroexpress services and the tariffs". 
  35. ^ Train Takes Stress Out of Sheremetyevo
  36. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 14 September 2009. 
  37. ^ "28 NOV 1972 McDonnell Douglas DC-8-62 Japan Air Lines - JAL." Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 23 March 2009.
  38. ^ ASN Aircraft accident Ilyushin 62M CCCP-86513 Moskva-Sheremetyevo Airport (SVO)
  39. ^ Hradecky, Simon. "Accident: Aeroflot IL96 at Moscow on Jun 3rd 2014, caught fire while parked". The Aviation Herald. Retrieved 3 June 2014. 

External links[edit]