Moscow Canal

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Moscow Canal
MoscowChannel.jpg
Between Pestovskoye and Pyalovskoye reservoirs
Specifications
Length 79.6 miles (128.1 km)
Locks 8
Maximum height above sea level 531 ft (162 m)
History
Former names Moscow-Volga Canal
Date completed 1937 (1937)
Geography
Start point Ivankovo Reservoir
End point Moskva River

The Moscow Canal (Russian: Кана́л и́мени Москвы́), named the Moscow-Volga Canal until the year 1947, is a canal that connects the Moskva River with the Volga River. It is located in Moscow itself and in the Moscow Oblast. The canal connects to the Moskva River 191 kilometers from its estuary in Tushino (an area in the north-west of Moscow), and to the Volga River in the town of Dubna, just upstream of the dam of the Ivankovo Reservoir. Length of the canal is 128 km.

It was constructed from the year 1932 to the year 1937[1] by Gulag prisoners during the early to mid Stalin era, under the direction of Matvei Berman. During the process, about 22,000 prisoners died.[2]

Thanks to the Moscow Canal, Moscow has access to five seas: the White Sea, Baltic Sea, Caspian Sea, Sea of Azov, and the Black Sea. This is why Moscow is sometimes called the "port of the five seas" (порт пяти морей). Apart from transportation, the canal also provides for about half of Moscow's water consumption, and the shores of its numerous reservoirs are used as recreation zones.

One of the world's tallest statues of Vladimir Lenin, 25-meter (82 ft) high, built in 1937, is located at Dubna at the confluence of the Volga River and the Moscow Canal. The accompanying statue of Joseph Stalin of similar size was demolished in 1961 during the period of de-stalinization.[3]

25m tall statue of Lenin at Dubna

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maunch, C Zeller, T (2008) Rivers in History: Perspectives on Waterways in Europe and North America, University of Pittsburgh Press P73
  2. ^ Willi Münzenberg
  3. ^ Salys, Rimgaila (2009). The Musical Comedy Films of Grigorii Aleksandrov: Laughing Matters. Intellect Books. p. 271. 

Coordinates: 56°43′N 37°08′E / 56.717°N 37.133°E / 56.717; 37.133