The Moscow Conservatory (Russian: Московская Государственная Консерватория им. П. И. Чайковского, Moscow State Conservatory named for P. I. Tchaikovsky) is a higher musical education institution in Moscow, and the second oldest conservatory in Russia after St. Petersburg Conservatory. Along with the St. Petersburg Conservatory, it is one of the leading music universities in the country.
It was co-founded in 1866 as the Moscow Imperial Conservatory by Nikolai Rubinstein (brother of the famous Russian pianist and composer Anton Rubinstein, who founded the St. Petersburg Conservatory in 1862) and Prince Nikolai Petrovitch Troubetzkoy.
At its opening, Tchaikovsky was appointed professor of theory and harmony, a post he held until approximately 1878. Since 1940, the conservatory has borne Tchaikovsky's name.
Prior to the Revolution the choral faculty of the conservatory was second to the Moscow Synodal School and Moscow Synodal Choir, but in 1919 both were closed and merged into the choral faculty. Some of the students now listed as being of the conservatory were in fact students of the Synodal School.
Some notable graduates
Notable current professors
- Yuri Bashmet – viola
- Eduard Grach – violin
- Sergei Kravchenko – violin
- Sergei Dorensky – piano
- Natalia Gutman – cello
- Andrei Eshpai – composition
- Vera Gornostayeva – piano
- Alexei Lubimov – pianist
- Victor Merzhanov – piano
- Gennady Rozhdestvensky – conducting
- Yuri Slesarev – piano
- Nataly Timashpolsky - piano
- Eliso Virsaladze – piano
- Mikhail Voskresensky – piano
- Irina Zhurina – voice
- The Moscow Conservatory. Information Booklet. Second Edition. Moscow, 2001. ISBN 5-89598-111-9.
- Moscow Conservatoire. Moscow, 1994. ISBN 5-86419-006-3.
- Moscow Conservatory: Traditions of Music Education, Art, and Science 1866–2006. Moscow: "Moskovskaya Konservatoriya" Publishing House, 2006.
- Loomis, George (April 18, 2001), "Moscow's Great Hall Turns 100", International Herald Tribune
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