Moscow International Business Center

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Moscow International Business Center under construction

Moscow International Business Center (Russian: Московский Международный Деловой Центр; ММДЦ), also referred to as Moscow-City[1][2] (Russian: Москва-Сити) is a commercial district in central Moscow, Russia. Located near the Third Ring Road in Presnensky District of western Moscow, the Moscow-City area is currently under development.

The Moscow IBC is expected to become the first zone in Russia to combine business activity, living space and entertainment in one single development.[3] The Moscow government first conceived the project in 1992.[4] An estimated 250,000 – 300,000 people will be working in, living in, or visiting the complex at any given time.[3]

In order to manage the project a public company CITY was created in 1992 which is responsible for overseeing the initial creation and development of Moscow City as well as its subsequent exploitation. CITY is also a general contractor and both landlord and lessor.

Overall responsibility for the architectural planning and design of Moscow City belongs to the architectural studio No. 6, which is a part of the large Moscow practice Mosproject-2 named after Mikhail Vasilyevich Posokhin. This group, headed by Gennadiy Lvovich Sirota, who is officially the Chief Architect of Moscow City, is in charge of overseeing the design of the complex as a whole and agreeing the details of individual projects. Each and every building lot has its own investor and architect.

The construction of the Moscow IBC is taking place on the Presnenskaya embankment of the Moscow River approximately 4 kilometers (2.5 mi) west of Red Square, and just east of the Third Ring Road. The project occupies an area of 60 hectares,[3] the territory chosen being the only area in central Moscow that can accommodate such a project. Before construction began, the area represented an old stone quarry where most of the buildings were old factories and industrial complexes that had been closed or abandoned. The total cost of the project is estimated at $12 billion.[4]

Layout[edit]

The plots of Moscow-City
Current status of construction
Completed Designed height Under construction Zero cycle Canceled Presumably
Plot number Name Started Completed Buildings in complex Roof height Max height Floors Total area, m² Notes
0 Tower 2000 and Bagration Bridge 1996 2001 1 104 104 34 61 057
1 Expocentre 1977 2008 8 15 15 10 165 000
2-3 Evolution Tower 2011 2014 1 247 255 54 169 000 The tower is glazing by 15 April 2014
4 Imperia Tower 2006 2011 2 230 239 59 287 723
6-8 Central core 2005 2014 1 50 50 6 450 000 Completed part of complex[5]
9 City of Capitals 2005 2009 3 302[6] 302 76 288 680 Europe's supertall
10 Naberezhnaya Tower 2003 2007 3 268[7] 268 59 254 000
11 IQ-quarter 2011 2015 3 177[8] 177 43 228 000 The tower is glazing by 15 April 2014
12 Eurasia Tower 2007 2014 1 309 309 70 207 542 Outside works by 15 April 2014
13 Federation Tower 2004 2015 2 360[9] 360 93 439 154 Completed part of complex[10]
14 Mercury City Tower 2009 2013 1 339 339 75 158 528 The tallest building in Europe
15 Grand City Moscow 2013 2016 1 283 283 50 315 282 Installed a construction crane
16 OKO 2011 2015 3 352[11] 352 85 429 600 75 floors have built by 15 April 2014
17-18 Multifunctional administrative-business complex 2013 2016 2 288 288 65 362 000 Preparations are underway to build
19 Northern Tower 2005 2007 1 105 132 [12] 27 135 000
20
21
22
23
24
25
29-30
31

Buildings[edit]

Central Core[edit]

One of the most difficult structures to build in the MIBC, the Central Core, is located on plots 6, 7 and 8. The Central Core consists of two main sections – the above-ground and underground.

The underground part includes three subway stations. One is opened as a part of Filyovskaya Line branch. Second opened in 2014 will be a part of Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya Line in the future. Third station will be opened in 2016 as part of the new line. The complex will also be connected to Vnukovo and Sheremetyevo airports via a high-speed transport system. Underground, parking is provided for up to 2750 vehicles, as well as central control rooms for maintenance, security, and other operations in the centre. The underground space also houses a shopping centre, which also functions as a lobby for the underground part of the complex, with walkways and passages for travel between other buildings in the MIBC. VIP parking will be available and is located on the western side of the Central Core.

The above-ground section is divided into three functional zones: a hotel on plot , a retail-entertainment complex on plots 8b and 7, and a cinema/concert hall with a capacity of 6000 people on a plot 6.

  • Total area: 450,000 m2 (4,843,760 sq ft)
  • Total investment: $300 million
  • Construction began: 2005
  • Construction completed: 2014

Tower 2000[edit]

The Tower 2000, 30-story office building with four underground floors, is located on the South bank of the Moscow River. The tower is connected to the MIBC by the Bagration pedestrian bridge, which was the first completed structure of the MIBC, finished in 1999. It is located on the opposite side of the river from the main development. There is also underground parking, restaurants, and other entertainment and attractions in the tower. The tower is 104 meters high,[13] and the total floor area of the complex is 61,057 square meters. Construction began in 1996 and the building was completed in late 2001.[4]

  • Height: 104 m (358 ft)
  • Floor count: 34
  • Total area: 61,057 m²
  • Construction began: 1996
  • Construction completed: 2001

Evolution Tower[edit]

Evolution tower

The Evolution Tower is a skyscraper currently under construction on plot 2 and 3 as part of the MIBC in Moscow, Russia. Each floor will be twisted 3° in relation to the preceding one, totaling 135°. The foundation of the Evolution Tower was built by BAUER Technologii, the Russian branch of BAUER Spezialtiefbau GmbH.

Project architect Tony Kettle and Karen Forbes, Professor of Art at the University of Edinburgh developed the design in detail, reflecting on the use of the spiral in earlier Russian architecture and proposing a dynamic composition which dramatically alters from different vantage points in the city. Its DNA related structure celebrates in a contemporary mode the inter-linking of individuals, generations and families.

Forming an important civic focus, on the key edge of the site which face towards Red Square it operates on both a personal level,and as a new expression of the city of Moscow. Its sensuous form is a critical element of the design addressing the quality of organic line, conceptual invention and a high level of technological engineering. The design recognises, indeed, celebrates the speed and energy of urban life in Moscow. It makes a statement of innovation amid the many historical landmarks.

  • Architect: Tony Kettle
  • Constructed by: Renaissance Construction
  • Total area of a plot: 2.549 ha
  • Total area: 200,000 m2 (2,152,782 sq ft)
  • Height: 255 m (837 ft)
  • Floor count: 54
  • Construction began: 2011
  • Construction completed: 2014

Imperia Tower[edit]

Imperia Tower

Imperia Tower is a 59-floor multipurpose complex located on plot 4 of the Moscow-City. The design of the tower was created by architects NBBJ. It consists of elliptical and hi-tech elements. Its location is on the first line of the MIBC, directly on the embankment.

The tower has an exit to the water and access to the city’s main transportation routes. All of the tower’s windows have panoramic views of the Moscow River, the Kremlin, the city center, the Vorobyovy Hills, Moscow University, Poklonnaya Gora and park areas in Western Moscow.

The tower space is in 3 parts:

  • Apartments (premium class apartments and penthouses) – 45 000 sq.m.
  • Hotel - 30 000 m2 (250 rooms)
  • Business space - 76,700 sq.m. Additional space (lobbies, escalators, etc.) is more than 53 000 sq.m.

The territory of the tower also includes a part of the Moscow River embankment for a moorage, cafes, restaurants and infrastructure development.

The apartments are private residential apartments of 45 000 sq.m, on floors 40-60. Two upper floors are two-level penthouses. The separate entrance and elevators separate the apartments from the business space of the tower.

The hotel is floors 33 to 41. With 250 rooms, it includes conference-halls, restaurants, a fitness-club and a spa-complex. Business space occupies the three levels from floor 2 to 31. The construction was completed in 2011.

  • Investors: ZAO “Fleiner-City” (Pavel Fuks), "Valtania Holding Ltd" (Valentin Yumashev)
  • Architect: NBBJ
  • Leasing agent: GDO City Properties Ltd
  • Total area: 287 723 м²
  • Floor count: 59
  • Construction began: 2006
  • Construction completed: 2011

City of Capitals[edit]

City of Capitals

The City of Capitals complex, symbolizing Moscow and St.Petersburg, is located on plot 9. The tower Moscow has become the first super-tall skyscraper in Europe.

More than half of the top floors are taken up to an entertainment complex, office suites, and large apartments. The Сity of Capitals consists of two towers – the 76-floor "Moscow Tower" and the 65-floor "St.-Petersburg Tower", reaching heights of 302 and 257 meters, respectively. Floors 17 and 18 of both towers are offices. The entire complex sits on a main lobby consisting of 6 underground floors and 4 aboveground floors of public space. The upper floors of the base structure will contain shops, a fitness centre, presentation halls, and restaurants.[14]

To create the concept for the offices in the City of Capitals, other business complexes and business centres from other parts of the world were studied.

The spatial structure of the complex with steps of columns nine meters high enables the organization of offices with open layouts from 500 up to 3,500 square meters. An entrance to the office section of the complex is situated near a quay, leading from underground parking to retail galleries.

  • Total area: 288,680 m2 (3,107,326 sq ft)
  • Height: 302 m (991 ft) and 257 m (843 ft)
  • Total area of a trading part: 10,000 m2 (107,639 sq ft)
  • Total area sports parts (fitness): 2,480 m2 (26,694 sq ft)
  • Total area of a public part, including restaurants and cinemas: 10,800 m2 (116,250 sq ft)
  • Total area of office part: 80,000 m2 (861,113 sq ft)
  • Total area of apartments: 101,440 m2 (1,091,891 sq ft)
  • Parking capacity: 2000 cars
  • Total investment: $450 million
  • Construction began: 2005
  • Construction completed: 2009

Naberezhnaya Tower[edit]

Naberezhnaya Tower

The “Naberezhnaya Tower” is a complex located on plot 10 of the Moscow-City. It includes three buildings with 17, 27 and 60 floors. In October 2004, the 17-story building was fully completed. In October 2005 the second, 27-story building was put into operation. Construction of the third skyscraper began in January 2005. Three plazas, one for each building, are at the first level below ground, and they are connected by a central pier.

A first class office complex, including one underground floor, which will be reserved for retail trade, will be located in the tower. The other underground floors will be used as parking space.

  • Block A is 85 metres, 17 floors tall. Completed in 2004.
  • Block B is 127 metres, 27 floors tall. Completed in 2005.
  • Block C is 268 meters, 59 floors tall. Completed in 2007.
  • Height: 268 m (879 ft)
  • Total area of the site: 1,6 ha
  • Total area of: Tower A - 39,718 m2 (427,521 sq ft); Tower B - 53,994 m2 (581,187 sq ft); Tower C - 160,200 m2 (1,724,378 sq ft)
  • The contractor: Enka Insaat & Sanayi A.S.
  • The design architect: RTKL & ENKA Architectural Office
  • The structural engineers: Thornton-Tomasetti Engineers & ENKA Design Office
  • Construction began: 2003
  • Construction completed: 2007

IQ-quarter[edit]

IQ-quarter, located on plot 11 of the Moscow-City, will be the transfer point between different subway and light railway lines, as well as other public systems. There will also be offices, hotels, a clinic, and parking.

There will be a transfer station between the metro and a high-speed transport system, which is planned to extend from Moscow-City, eventually ending at the three local airports. The multilevel terminal will connect the underground zones of Moscow-City to the metro stations and to other municipal transportation, lighted by means of light wells, with retail space, living and office areas.

The complex will contain 106 office suites, three hotels with 342 rooms, a main hospital, points of retail trade, and parking for up to 1250 vehicles.

  • The heights of the buildings: Tower 1: 85 m (279 ft); Tower 2: 141 m (463 ft); Tower 3: 177 m (581 ft)
  • Number of floors in the towers: Tower 1 - 22; Tower 2 - 34; Tower 3 - 43
  • Territory of a building site: 1,137 ha
  • Territory of a site under construction of objects: 1,025 m
  • Total area: 228,000 m2 (2,454,172 sq ft)
  • Construction began: 2011
  • Construction completed: 2015

Eurasia Tower[edit]

Eurasia Tower

The Eurasia Tower, located on plot 12 of the MIBC, is an office/recreational space with a total area of 207,542 square meters. It will be situated on a three-tier podium which will have a fitness centre, entertainment, restaurants, and shops. Other areas will be distributed as follows: 106,231 square meters will be reserved for office space, and residential apartments will occupy 21,185 square meters. On the bottom, there will be parking for more than 1000 cars. The external design of the building is a combination of classical and modernist styles. On the outside of the building, a scenic elevator will run up and down, allowing people to enjoy views of the entire city. While two thirds of the tower have been built, the current status is 'on hold'

  • Number of floors: 70
  • Height: 309 m (1,014 ft)
  • Total investment: $250 million
  • Total area: 207,542 m2 (2,233,963 sq ft)
  • The area of office premises: 106,231 m2 (1,143,461 sq ft)
  • The area of premises: 21,185 m2 (228,033 sq ft)
  • Parking capacity: 1000
  • Architect: Swanke Hayden Connell Architects
  • Developer: Mos City Group
  • Construction began: 2007
  • Construction completed: 2014

Federation Tower[edit]

Federation Tower
  • Tower A: 97 floors – 360 m (1,181 ft)
  • Tower B: 62 floors – 242 m (794 ft)

The Federation Tower is located on plot 13 of the Moscow-City. Upon completion, this will be the tallest building in Europe, at the height of 360 meters. The structure represents a design of two tri-hedral towers with heights of 360 and 242 meters above the ground, located on a common base of 10 floors. A restaurant is planned in the towers, along with office suites and residential apartments divided by technical floors. In the base of the towers a full complex of retail and household services is planned. The underground part includes parking places, technical premises, and the walkway connecting the complex with the central part of a Business Center, northern departure and a complex 12 site.

The building is actively used as a sightseeing object and a high-rise structure for extreme sports lovers (base jumpers, climbers, etc.), as well as a site for shooting films and videos (TV shows, advertising, and movie production). In 2012, the Moscow-24 TV channel shot a movie about the business complex. Another film dedicated to the skyscraper was made by the US TV Discovery Channel in 2009.

  • The contractor: Renaissance Construction
  • Architect: Prof. P. Schweger and S. Tchoban (Germany)
  • Total investment: $500 million
  • Total area: 439,154 m2 (4,727,014 sq ft)
  • Total area of a plot: 1,07 ha
  • Height: 360 m (1,181 ft)
  • Construction began: 2004
  • Construction completed: 2015

Mercury City Tower[edit]

The Mercury City Tower is a multipurpose building with housing, offices and shops.[15] The tower is located on plot 14 of the MIBC. The structure's height is 339 meters [16] above ground, with five underground floors. Architect Frank Williams says that it is the first environmentally friendly building in Russia, and it is designed to collect melting snow water, as well as provide 70% of the workplaces with access to daylight.[16][17] In May 2011, the developer announced that Mercury City Tower had reached 230 m (750 ft), with over half of the external walls covered in copper coloured cladding. The construction exceeded the 301.6 m (990 ft) of City of Capitals tower, also in Moscow, on 17 January 2012. On 25 July 2012, the 75th level was under construction. The tower was initially expected to be completed in late 2012.[18] According to its development company, the building was topped out at 339 m (1,112 ft) on 1 November 2012.

  • Floor count: 75
  • Height: 339 m (1,112 ft)
  • Total area: 158,000 m2 (1,700,698 sq ft)
  • The area of offices: 86,000 m2 (925,696 sq ft)
  • The area of apartments: 24,000 m2 (258,334 sq ft)
  • The area of fitness center: 5,000 m2 (53,820 sq ft)
  • The area of restaurants: 3,500 m2 (37,674 sq ft)
  • Trading premises: 6,200 m2 (66,736 sq ft)
  • Those a premise: 16,900 m2 (181,910 sq ft)
  • Parking place: 18,000 m2 (193,750 sq ft)
  • Architect: M.M. Posohin, Frank Williams (USA), G.L. Sirota
  • Construction began: 2009
  • Construction completed: 2013

OKO[edit]

OKO - a complex of buildings is located on plot 16 of the Moscow-City. The site is divided into 16a and 16b.

On the section 16a will be built two high-rise building of 49-storey, 245 meters high and 85-storey height of 352 meters. Each building will also have an underground floor. The buildings will house both residential and office space, occupying roughly the same part: for offices rid 122,493 m², a residential apartments - 122 507 m². 

On the section 16b will be built building consisting of a three star hotel, which will house 330 rooms, and the parking lot for 3740 cars. Hotel height will be 79 meters with 22 floors, a parking lot will have 14 floors, of which 5 - ground, the other 9 will have a total height of 44 meters.

  • Floor count: North Tower - 49; South Tower - 85
  • Height: North Tower - 245; South Tower - 352
  • Total area: 249 600 m²
  • Parking capacity: 1135
  • The design architect: «Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP»
  • Construction began: 2011
  • Construction completed: 2015

Northern Tower[edit]

Northern Tower

The Northern Tower — one of the smallest buildings of the MIBC, located on plot 19. The Northern Tower was built by Strabag SE. The construction completed in 2007 year. The height of the building is 105 m, floor area — 135 000 м². In the tower there are office suites, restaurants, cafe, fitness centre and parking space.

  • Floor count: 27
  • Total area: 135,000 m2 (1,453,128 sq ft)
  • Height: 105 m (344 ft)
  • Construction began: 2005
  • Construction completed: 2007

Transport[edit]

Major thoroughfares through Moscow-City are the Third Ring and Kutuzovsky Prospekt.

Three metro stations were initially planned for the Filyovskaya Line. The station "Delovoi Tsentr" (Business Center) opened in 2005, and was later renamed "Vystavochnaya" ("Exhibition") in 2009. The branch extended to the "Mezhdunarodnaya" ("International ") station in 2006, and all work on third station, Dorogomilovskaya (between Kiyevskaya and Delovoi Tsentr), has been postponed. It was recently announced that there are plans to extend the branch as far as the Savyolovskaya station, on the Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya Line.

A rapid transit system to Vnukovo Airport and Sheremetyevo Airport with terminals in each airport is also planned.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official website". Eng.citynext.ru. Retrieved 25 September 2010. 
  2. ^ "Construction World: Integrated Body For Urban Design Policy And Development Of Moscow". Stroi.ru. Retrieved 25 September 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c "ОАО "СИТИ" – Москва-Сити – Московский международный деловой центр". Citynext.ru. 14 September 2010. Retrieved 25 September 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c "Moscow International Business Centre (MIBC), Moscow". Design Build Network. Retrieved 25 September 2010. 
  5. ^ Сonstruction of the concert hall
  6. ^ Height of Moscow Tower
  7. ^ Height of C block
  8. ^ Height of Tower 3
  9. ^ Height of Vostok Tower
  10. ^ Zapad Tower in use; on the Vostok Tower is built 77 floor (295 meters); Spire - Canceled
  11. ^ Height of South tower
  12. ^ Antenna
  13. ^ Emporis GmbH. "Bashnya 2000, Moscow, Russia". Emporis.com. Retrieved 25 September 2010. 
  14. ^ "Capital City : New standards of comfortable living". Capitalcity.ru. Retrieved 25 September 2010. 
  15. ^ "Mercury City Tower, Moscow". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 25 September 2010. 
  16. ^ a b Emporis GmbH. "Mercury City Tower, Moscow, Russia". Emporis.com. Retrieved 25 September 2010. 
  17. ^ Spliteye Multimedia LLC at http://www.spliteye.com/. "Mercury City Tower, Frank Williams And Partners Architects, LLP : Portfolio International". Archfwa.com. Retrieved 25 September 2010. 
  18. ^ "Russia: Moscow Mercury City Tower (332m) Photos & Renderings". Eliterics. 2011. Retrieved 13 July 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 55°44′48″N 37°32′13″E / 55.74667°N 37.53694°E / 55.74667; 37.53694