Moscow City Police

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Main Department of Internal Affairs of Moscow
Главное управление внутренних дел по городу Москве
Common name Moscow Police
Abbreviation GUVD Moscow
Moscow militia.jpg
Sleeve patches of the Moscow Municipal Militia issued from 1990s-?
GUVD Moscow emblem.gif
Logo of the Main Department of Internal Affairs of Moscow.
Moscow militia2.jpg
Breastplate of the Moscow Municipal Militia Central District issued from 1990s-2011
Motto служа закону, Служим народу
serve the law, Serve the people
Agency overview
Formed January 19, 1722
Preceding agency Municipal Police
Employees 80,000 (2011)
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction* City of Moscow in the oblast of Moscow, Russia
Size 1,091 km2 (421.2 sq mi)
Population 11,514,300
Legal jurisdiction As per operations jurisdiction.
Governing body MVD
General nature
Specialist jurisdiction
Operational structure
Headquarters Petrovka 38, Tverskoy District
Police Officers 50,500 (2010)
acting Police Chief responsible Anatoly Yakunin
Parent agency MVD
Units
Website
Official Site
Footnotes
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.
Moscow Police HQ, Petrovka 38, Tverskoy District.

The Main Department of Internal Affairs of the city of Moscow (Russian: Главное управление внутренних дел по городу Москве) or just Moscow Police (Russian: Московская полиция), established in 1722, is the largest municipal police force in Russia, with primary responsibilities in law enforcement and investigation in Moscow. The Moscow Police is one of the oldest police departments in Russia. Its headquarters are located at Petrovka 38 in Tverskoy District, Moscow.

The Moscow Police is part of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD); the police is also subordinate to the Moscow government. The main responsibilities are internal security, human rights and freedoms, suppression and detection of crime, and protection of public order.

The police is headed by the chief, who is appointed and removed from office by Presidential decree on the recommendation of the Minister of Internal Affairs. Before he suggests a nomination, the president consults the mayor of Moscow. The police is overseen by the MVD and the government of Moscow.

Currently, the acting police chief is Anatoly Yakunin, who was appointed June 2, 2012.

History[edit]

The first municipal police was established on January 19, 1722, during the reign of Peter I.

On October 28, 1917, by the direction of People's Commissars, was issued a decree On the workers as the new Soviet police. The workers' militia was renamed to the Soviet of Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies militia.

In 1946, a law was passed that transformed the Council of People's Commissars into the Council of Ministers, coinciding with the reorganization of the People's Committee of Internal Affairs into the Ministry of Interior, respectively, the city committee of the NKVD was reorganized into the Office of Internal Affairs.

In 1973, the Office of Internal Affairs of Moscow City was transformed into the Main Department of Internal Affairs (GUVD), and regional offices - in the Interior Department.

In 2011, the Militsiya became the Politsiya (Полиция) as the Russian police reform initiated by President Dmitry Medvedev began to improve the efficiency of Russia's police forces. In addition, he ordered the resignation of certain high-ranking police officers.

Structure[edit]

1st operational regiment (mounted police)[edit]

The first operational regiment (mounted police) (Russian: Первый оперативный полк (конная полиция)) is responsible for patrolling parks, preventing crime and maintaining order at public events (invasion, and other major music and sporting events). In the "mounted police" in Moscow are about 1,000 policemen and 255 horses.

The HQ Located on Airport Street, Viktorenko 10.

2nd Regiment of operational police[edit]

Two operational regiment of militia police in Moscow (Russian: 2-й оперативный полк полиция ГУВД по г. Москве) - formed in 2004 merging the three regiments of militsiya (now police) operating in Moscow, responsible for patrol services. The main task is to ensure public order during mass events in Moscow. Also, staff of the 2nd Regiment of operational police are devoted to power support various departments of the criminal police.

The unit reports directly to the police leadership and the Moscow Police Directorate of public order Directorate for Public Order (Russian: Управление обеспечения общественного порядка) (UOOP). It is the second largest unit in the Moscow Police after the Moscow riot police.

Zonal center for dogs trainers[edit]

Zonal dog service center (Russian: Зональный центр кинологической службы) - is the largest center for the training of dogs in Moscow. Dogs are trained for different purposes: search for narcotics, explosives, firearms and the search for the detention. The dogs are in the nursery not far from Moscow in two-story cages, separated by areas of work. Dogs who are seeking weapons of living apart from the dogs involved in detention. Used breeds - German Shepherd, Giant Schnauzer, Doberman, Labrador, Setter, and others.

The center is located in Veterinary part, a platform for training at the detention area for training to find explosives, Veterinary part, "maternity hospital" and "Kindergarten" and "nursing home" for dogs who retired. On the one dog running a dog specialist. They work all their lives together.

MUR[edit]

Moscow Criminal Investigation Department (Russian: МУР, Московский уголовный розыск) is a division of the Main Department of Internal Affairs in Moscow, Includes Criminal Investigation Department of the Moscow police and the criminal investigation division of district and municipal law enforcement agencies. The Head of the department is Oleg Baranov (Since 2011).

The Moscow CID's roots are from the Moscow detective prikaz (Russian: Сыскной приказ) of the Grand Duchy of Moscow who was established in 1619 replacing the interrogation mission (Russian: Розыскная экспедиция established in 1763.

In 1782 the Bureau of Criminal Affairs (Палата уголовных дел) established and it was the Moscow department of the Russian gendarmerie.

Divisions[edit]

Directorate for Public Order[edit]

Directorate for Public Order (Russian: Управление обеспечения общественного порядка). Managing the maintenance of public order in Moscow. Head of Department - Colonel Alexander D. Blagov. Main Purposes:

  • Organization of the patrol service orders;
  • Organization to ensure security for the cultural and socio-political activities;
  • Organization to ensure safety during sports activities.

Riot Police unit[edit]

Riot Police making arrests during the Dissenters March, 2007

On October 23, 1987 on the basis of the 2nd Regiment patrol by the order of USSR Interior Ministry was created a special police squad assignment - OMON. The main tasks - providing security for the various events, saving lives during emergencies and disasters and epidemiological aggravations and etc.

Moscow City Police Commissioners[edit]

The Moscow City Police Commissioner is the head of the Moscow City Police Department, appointed by the Mayor of Moscow. The Commissioner is a policeman administrator appointed by the Mayor of Moscow, after the approvement of the Moscow City Duma.

Oberpolizmeister[edit]

Heads of Internal affairs of Moscow City Committee[edit]

  • Samokhvalov Vadim G. (1973 - September 1979)
  • Trushin Vasily Petrovich (1979 - January 1984)
  • Borisenkov Vladimir G. (1984 - August 1986)
  • Peter S. Bogdanov (1986 - April 1991)
  • Myrikov Nikolai Stepanovich (April - September 1991)

Heads of the Moscow Internal Affairs Main Dept.[edit]

  • Murashev Arkady (September 1991 - November 9, 1992)
  • Pankratov, Vladimir I. (1991 - 2 March 1995)
  • Kulikov Nikolay (1995 - December 4, 1999)
  • Shvidkin Viktor Andreevich (1999–2001)
  • Vladimir Pronin (July 24, 2001 - April 28, 2009)
  • Ivanov, Alexander Kuzmich (April 4, 2009 - September 7, 2009)
  • Vladimir Kolokoltsev (September 7, 2009 - March 24, 2011).

Moscow Police Commissioner[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]