|Date of birth||19 November 1960|
|Place of birth||Hadera, Israel|
|Knessets||16, 17, 18|
|Party represented in Knesset|
|2009–2013||Minister of Communications|
|2011–2013||Minister of Welfare & Social Services|
Moshe Kahlon (Hebrew: משה כחלון, born 19 November 1960) is an Israeli politician who served as a member of the Knesset for Likud and as Minister of Communications and Minister of Welfare & Social Services.
Kahlon was born in the Givat Olga neighbourhood of Hadera, the son of Libyan immigrants and one of seven children. He served in the Israel Defense Forces from 1978 to 1986, in the Ordnance Corps. After completing his army service he started a business of importing appliances for cars. He later studied political science and general studies at the University of Haifa, receiving a Bachelor's degree before going on to gain an Bachelor of Laws from the Netanya Academic College.
Kahlon was first elected to the Knesset in the 2003 elections, and was appointed Deputy Speaker of the Knesset. In the run up to the 2006 elections, he surprisingly won third place on Likud's list in the party's primaries. He retained his seat again in the 2009 elections after being placed sixth on the Likud list, and was appointed Minister of Communications on 31 March.
In the Knesset, Kahlon has worked to improve the financial situation of the economically disadvantaged sectors of Israeli society. In this endeavor, he worked to pass a bill to reduce electricity charges for poor families and headed an inquiry into bank fees. Kahlon was also credited with leading the "Cellular Revolution", a set of moves that allowed new competitors to enter the cellular communications market in Israel, including Golan Telecom. This drastically reduced cellular communications prices in the market. On 19 January 2011 he was appointed Minister of Welfare & Social Services after the resignation of Isaac Herzog.
Kahlon announced he would be taking a break from politics, and did not run in the 2013 Knesset elections. In response to reports that he was going to form a new political party, Kahlon announced on 3 November 2013 that he would not. It was subsequently reported that Kahlon would initiate a new party to run in the next Israeli legislative election, to be held by 2017; possible running-mates were reported to include Yoav Galant and Meir Dagan. In April 2014, after a period of silence, Kahlon announced in an interview with the newspaper Yedioth Ahronoth his intention to return to politics "imminently", but that he had not decided on a "framework" for his return; in the same interview, he criticised the socio-economic and diplomatic policies of Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu, adding to speculation that he would attempt to run against Netanyahu in the future elections.
- "חדשות - תקשורת nrg - ...כחלון הזדמנויות: ראיון עם שר". Nrg.co.il. Retrieved 9 December 2013.
- Moshe Kahlon BICOM Biography
- MK Kahlon wins Likud primaries Haaretz, 13 January 2006
- New bill would give discounted electricity to poor families Haaretz, 12 January 2007
- MK Kahlon fed up with banking fees Haaretz, 15 November 2006
- Somfavli, Attila (14 October 2012). "Political Bomb: Moshe Kahlon Won't Be a Candidate for a Knesset Seat". Ynet. Retrieved 9 December 2013. (Hebrew)
- Lubin, Annie (23 October 2012), Moshe Kahlon: 'Don't be So Sure Likud is Going to Win', Israel Nation News, retrieved 9 December 2013
- Yanover, Yori (1 November 2012), Moshe Kahlon Stirring Up the Next Earthquake in Israel’s Elections, The Jewish Press, retrieved 9 December 2013
- Nachemi, Yossi (4 November 2012), Kahlon: The not-running man, The Times of Israel, retrieved 8 December 2013
- Former Likud political rock star to form new party, The Times of Israel, 8 December 2013, retrieved 9 December 2013
- Popular ex-Likud Minister Slams Old Party, Plans Political Comeback, The Times of Israel, 8 April 2014, retrieved 8 April 2014
- Moshe Kahlon on the Knesset website