Мошенской район (Russian)
Location of Moshenskoy District in Novgorod Oblast
|Federal subject||Novgorod Oblast|
|Administrative structure (as of November 2012)|
|Administrative center||selo of Moshenskoye|
|Municipal structure (as of December 2012)|
|Municipally incorporated as||Moshenskoy Municipal District|
|Area||2,568 km2 (992 sq mi)|
|Population (2010 Census)||7,309 inhabitants|
|Density||2.85 /km2 (7.4 /sq mi)|
|Time zone||MSK (UTC+04:00)|
|Established||October 1, 1927|
|Moshenskoy District on WikiCommons|
Moshenskoy District (Russian: Мошенско́й райо́н) is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-one in Novgorod Oblast, Russia. It is located in the east of the oblast and borders with Khvoyninsky District in the north, Pestovsky District in the east, Lesnoy District of Tver Oblast in the southeast, Udomelsky District of Tver Oblast in the south, and with Borovichsky District in the west. The area of the district is 2,568 square kilometers (992 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality (a selo) of Moshenskoye. Population: 7,309 (2010 Census); 9,486 (2002 Census); 10,679 (1989 Census). The population of Moshenskoye accounts for 34.3% of the district's total population.
The western part of the district lies in the basin of the Msta River, with its main tributary within the limits of the district being the Uver. The eastern part belongs to the basin of the Mologa. The principal river in the basin of the Mologa on the territory of the district is the Kobozha. Since the Msta belongs to the basins of the Volkhov River and the Baltic Sea, whereas the Mologa drains to the Volga and the Caspian Sea, the divide between the Caspian Sea and the Atlantic Ocean crosses the district from north to south.
There are many lakes in the district. The biggest ones are Lake Meglino, which is shared with Pestovsky District and drains into the Mologa, Lake Velikoye, the source of the Kobozha, and Lake Korobozha, the source of the Uver.
Most of the area of the district is covered by forests.
The area was originally populated by the Finno-Ugric peoples; Krivich Slavs arrived later. By the 16th century, the area belonged to Bezhetskaya pyatina of the Grand Duchy of Moscow. The selo of Moshenskoye was first mentioned in 1545. During the Time of Troubles, the area supported the cause of Minin and Pozharsky. In 1613, there was a battle with Swedish troops, which the Swedish lost.
In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate). In 1727, separate Novgorod Governorate was split off. In 1776, the area was transferred to Novgorod Viceroyalty. In 1796, the viceroyalty was abolished, and the area, which was a part of Borovichsky Uyezd, was transferred to Novgorod Governorate. Much of the current territory of the district was a part of Nikolo-Moshenskaya Volost of Borovichsky Uyezd.
In August 1927, the governorates and uyezds were abolished. Moshenskoy District, with the administrative center in the selo of Moshenskoye, was established within Borovichi Okrug of Leningrad Oblast effective October 1, 1927. It included parts of former Borovichsky Uyezd. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were abolished, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. On September 20, 1931, Orekhovsky and Opechensky Districts were abolished and merged into Moshenskoy District. On January 1, 1932, a part of abolished Konchansky District was merged into Moshenskoy District. On August 3, 1939, Opechensky District, merged into Moshenskoy District in 1931, was restored. On July 5, 1944, Moshenskoy District was transferred to newly established Novgorod Oblast, where it remained ever since with a brief interruption between 1963 and 1965. On February 1, 1963, the district was abolished in the course of the abortive Nikita Khrushchev's administrative reform and merged into Borovichsky Rural District. On January 12, 1965, Moshenskoy District was re-established.
In 1927, Orekhovsky District with the administrative center in the selo of Klimkovo and Konchansky District with the administrative center in the selo of Konchanskoye were also established, both as a part of Borovichi Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On September 20, 1931, Orekhovsky District was abolished and merged into Moshenskoy District. On January 1, 1932, Konchansky District was abolished and split between Borovichsky, Moshenskoy, and Khvoyninsky Districts.
Effective October 1, 1927, Opechensky District with the administrative center in the selo of Opechensky Posad was established as well, as a part of Borovichi Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On September 20, 1931, Opechensky District was abolished and merged into Borovichsky District, but on August 3, 1939, it was restored. On July 5, 1944, the district was transferred to Novgorod Oblast. On November 17, 1960, Opechensky District was abolished, and its area was split between Borovichsky and Moshenskoy Districts.
In the district, there are small-scale enterprises of timber industry and food industry.
As of 2012, the total area for use in agriculture was 331 square kilometers (128 sq mi). The main agricultural specializations in the district were cattle breeding (with meat and milk production) and growing of potato and crops.
A paved road connecting Pestovo and Borovichi crosses the district from east to west. It is connected to the selo of Moshenskoye by a local road. There are also other local roads, as well as local bus traffic.
The Uver River was used as a part of Vyshnevolotsky Canal System constructed in the 18th century to bypass the rapids on the Msta. The system became outdated already in the 19th century and was eventually surpassed by Tikhvinskaya water system and by Mariinsk Canal System. It is no longer in use.
Culture and recreation
The district contains two cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally ninety-three objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance. Most of these are archaeological sites.
Alexey Maksheyev, an author and historian, as well as a military officer, was born in Olekhovo,[clarification needed] which was his family estate and is currently located within the limits of the district. He spent long periods in the estate and was buried there.
The family of the author Vitaly Bianki lived in the village in Mikheyevo[clarification needed] between 1935 and 1942, and the author visited the village on several occasions. Currently, the village holds an annual conference devoted to Bianki.
- Law #559-OZ
- Resolution #121
- Law #370-OZ
- "Район сегодня" (in Russian). Администрация Мошенского муниципального района. Retrieved June 11, 2012.
- "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
- The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
- Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
- Snytko et al., p. 85
- "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
- Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
- "История района" (in Russian). Администрация Мошенского муниципального района. 2011. Retrieved June 11, 2012.
- Snytko et al., pp. 48–49
- Snytko et al., pp. 116–117
- Snytko et al., pp. 87–88
- Snytko et al., pp. 125–126
- Snytko et al., p. 106
- Snytko et al., p. 199
- "Ореховский (авг. 1927 – сент. 1931)" (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved June 11, 2012.
- "Кончанский район (август 1927 – январь 1932)" (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved June 11, 2012.
- Snytko et al., p. 217
- "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved January 9, 2011.
- Новгородская областная Дума. Областной Закон №559-ОЗ от 11 ноября 2005 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Новгородской области», в ред. Областного закона №232-ОЗ от 1 апреля 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в Областной Закон "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Новгородской области"». Вступил в силу 1 января 2006 г. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №75, 23 ноября 2005 г. (Novgorod Oblast Duma. Oblast Law #559-OZ of November 11, 2005 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Oblast Law #232-OZ of April 1, 2013 On Amending the Oblast Law "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast". Effective as of January 1, 2006.).
- Администрация Новгородской области. Постановление №121 от 8 апреля 2008 г. «Об реестре административно-территориального устройства области», в ред. Постановления №85 от 25 февраля 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в реестр административно-территориального устройства области». Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №49-50, 16 апреля 2008 г. (Administration of Novgorod Oblast. Resolution #121 of April 8, 2008 On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #85 of February 25, 2013 On Amending the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast. ).
- Новгородская областная Дума. Закон №370-ОЗ от 22 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории Мошенского муниципального района, наделении их статусом сельских поселений, определении административных центров и перечня населённых пунктов, входящих в состав территорий поселений», в ред. Закона №199-ОЗ от 28 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 3-1 областного Закона "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории Мошенского муниципального района, наделении их статусом сельских поселений, определении административных центров и перечня населённых пунктов, входящих в состав территорий поселений"». Вступил в силу со дня, следующего за днём официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №2, 12 января 2005 г. (Novgorod Oblast Duma. Law #370-OZ of December 22, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Within the Territory of Moshenskoy Municipal District, on Granting Them Rural Settlement Status, on Establishing Their Administrative Centers, and on Compiling the Lists of Inhabited Localities Within the Settlement Territories, as amended by the Law #199-OZ of December 28, 2012 On Amending Article 3-1 of the Oblast Law "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Within the Territory of Moshenskoy Municipal District, on Granting Them Rural Settlement Status, on Establishing Their Administrative Centers, and on Compiling the Lists of Inhabited Localities Within the Settlement Territories". Effective as of the day following the day of the official publication.).
- Снытко, О. В.; et al. (2009). С. Д. Трифонов, Т. Б. Чуйкова, Л. В. Федина, А. Э. Дубоносова, ed. Административно-территориальное деление Новгородской губернии и области 1727-1995 гг. Справочник (in Russian). Saint Petersburg. Retrieved June 11, 2012.