Moskal

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Text in Ukrainian: "Thank you God that I am not a Moskal"

Moskal (москаль, moskalik, moskal’) is a historical term for Russians used in Ukraine until 20th century. It is also a family name predominantly found amongst residents of Eastern Europe. Moskal is also one of characters of a popular gathering in Ukraine Vertep.

Nowadays, it is considered to be an ethnic slur in the countries of the former Soviet Union and Russian Empire. It is primarily used as a slur in Ukraine, Poland, and Belarus.[1][2] Similarly Ukrainian word zhyd (Ukrainian: жид) referring to a Jewish national since Middle Ages became a slur during the Soviet period as well.

M.Fartukh "Moskali destroy Kiev", illustration from an 1934 history textbook (referring to the destruction of Kiev in 1169)

Moskal can be a type of ethnic slur with a mild negative connotation.

Another ethnic slurs that refer to Russians, common in Ukraine, are katsap (uk:кацап) and vatnik.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dictionary of the Russian language. D.N.Ushakov, M., 1940
  2. ^ The Merriam-Webster English dictionary
  3. ^ Edyta M. Bojanowska (2007) "Nikolai Gogol: Between Ukrainian And Russian Nationalism" ISBN 0-674-02291-2, p. 55: "In the 'low', folksy world of the provincial narrators, a Russian is a moskal ("Muscovite")", a foreigner and an intruder, at best a carpetbagger, at worst a thief in league with the devil."

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