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For other uses, see Moskal (disambiguation).
Text in Ukrainian: "Thanks God I am not a Moskal"

Moskal (москаль, moskalik, moskal’) is is a term for Russians used in Ukraine, Belarus and Poland and currently considered to be derogatory.[1][2]

M.Fartukh "Moskali destroy Kiev", illustration from an 1934 history textbook (referring to the destruction of Kiev in 1169)

Moskal can be a type of ethnic slur with a mild negative connotation.

Another ethnic slur that refer to Russians, common in Ukraine and Poland, is katsap (uk:кацап) and kacap (kacap) respectivelly.

Cultural influence[edit]

"Moskal" is a stock character of the traditional Ukrainian puppet theatre form vertep.

It also gave rise to a number of East Slavic family names: Moskal (surname), Moskalenko, Moskalyov/Moskalev, Moskalik, Moskalyuk/Moskaluk, Moskalchuk.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Dictionary of the Russian language. D.N.Ushakov, M., 1940
  2. ^ The Merriam-Webster English dictionary
  3. ^ Edyta M. Bojanowska (2007) "Nikolai Gogol: Between Ukrainian And Russian Nationalism" ISBN 0-674-02291-2, p. 55: "In the 'low', folksy world of the provincial narrators, a Russian is a moskal ("Muscovite")", a foreigner and an intruder, at best a carpetbagger, at worst a thief in league with the devil."

External links[edit]