Moson County

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Moson county
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
12th century–1920

Coat of arms of Moson

Coat of arms

Location of Moson
Capital Moson (until 1271)

Magyaróvár (1271 onwards)
47°53′N 17°16′E / 47.883°N 17.267°E / 47.883; 17.267Coordinates: 47°53′N 17°16′E / 47.883°N 17.267°E / 47.883; 17.267

History
 -  Established 12th century
 -  Treaty of Trianon 4 June 1920
Area
 -  1910 1,989 km2 (768 sq mi)
Population
 -  1910 94,500 
Density 47.5 /km2  (123.1 /sq mi)
Today part of Hungary, Austria, Slovakia

Moson (Hungarian, German: Wieselburg) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary in present-day eastern Austria and northwestern Hungary, on the right (south) side of the Danube river. Moson is also the name of a town, nowadays part of the city Mosonmagyaróvár, Hungary.

Geography[edit]

Moson county shared borders with the Austrian land Lower Austria and the Hungarian counties Pozsony (Bratislava), Győr and Sopron. The river Danube runs along the north of the county, and the lake Neusiedler See lies partly in the county. Its area was 2013 km² around 1910.

Capitals[edit]

The capital of the county was the town of Moson initially. The capital was moved to nearby Magyaróvár in the Middle Ages. Moson and Magyaróvár merged in 1939 to form the city of Mosonmagyaróvár.

History[edit]

The Moson comitatus arose as one of the first comitati of the Kingdom of Hungary.

In 1918 (confirmed by the Treaty of Trianon 1920), a tiny part of Moson county close to Bratislava became part of newly formed Czechoslovakia. The eastern part stayed in Hungary and merged with Győr county and a very small part of Pozsony county to form Győr-Moson-Pozsony county. The western part became part of the new Austrian land Burgenland.

After World War II, Győr-Moson-Pozsony county merged with Sopron (county) to form Győr-Sopron county. This county was renamed to Győr-Moson-Sopron county in the early 1990s.

Demographics[edit]

1900[edit]

In 1900, the county had a population of 89,714 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

1910[edit]

In 1910, the county had a population of 94,479 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Total:

Subdivisions[edit]

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Moson county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Magyaróvár Magyaróvár (now Mosonmagyaróvár)
Nezsider Nezsider, AT Neusiedl am See
Rajka Rajka

Neusiedl am See is now in Austria.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-25. 
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-25. 
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-25. 
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-25.