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Mosta (or Il-Mosta) is a town situated in the middle of the island of Malta, to the north-west of Valletta. In 2010, it had a reported population of 19,018. Mosta celebrates the feast of the Assumption every 15 August, popular among both the locals and the tourists. The town has many legends such as the Mosta Bride (L-Gharusa tal-Mosta) and a lot of historical places such as the Victoria Lines and medieval chapels. Mosta has its own scouts and girl guides as well as two band clubs (Nicolo' Isouard and Santa Marija) and two fire works factories that make spectacular fire works. A lot of traffic passes through Constitution Street, one of Mosta's main streets which connects the South to the North. The main attraction in Mosta is the Rotunda - a huge round church with the third largest unsupported dome in the world.
St Marija Assunta Church
Mosta boasts the third largest unsupported dome in the World dedicated to the Assumption. The Feast of the Assumption is held on August 15 and it is a public holiday. The church is also known as the Rotunda of St Marija Assunta. On 9 April 1942, the church was nearly destroyed during World War II. An Axis bomb hit the dome of the church but failed to explode. The detonator was removed and a replica bomb is now displayed as a memorial.
The Rotunda was designed by George Grognet de Vasse, a French citizen resident in Mosta. Mosta residents, at that time totalling not more than 1500, built the church. It took them 27 years to complete but the result is a tourist attraction of world standard. Grognet chose the type of stone by insisting on having one slab from each quarry operating in the Islands. He then proceeded to test their durability. In the end he chose a quarry in Mosta near to Ta' Vnezja, at the gate of an old military airfield.
Mosta seen from Mdina showing Mosta Dome
The Cumbo Tower
The Cumbo Tower was the stronghold of Mosta in the Middle Ages. It is presently owned by the Contessa Preziosi, the daughter of the late Barone della Quleja.
One attraction in Mosta is the Speranza Chapel ('Speranza' meaning 'hope'), which is situated close to the Speranza Valley. It was built in the 18th century, between 1760 and 1761. A legend tied to this small Chapel recounts that during a Turkish invasion, a young girl and her sisters were taking care of their family's sheep. While the sisters escaped, the little girl couldn't run very fast because she limped slightly. It is said that she hid in a cave (it is found under the Chapel, on its left side), and that she prayed to Our Lady and promised that, if she was to get out of there alive,she would build a chapel dedicated to Our Lady. When the Turkish invaders chasing her arrived, they didn't look for her in the cave because they thought the girl could not be hiding there because the web was intact.
There is also the historical farmhouse of the Marquis Mallia Tabone, which is run by the Talent Mosti philanthropy, in collaboration with the adjacent school's council. The farmhouse overlooks the valley of Wied il-Ghasel. It houses exhibitions which are held during the year. Exhibitions vary from paintings, photography, artisan work, hobbies, etc. Literary evenings are held occasionally, by volunteers, where famous Maltese writers are interviewed and topics of cultural interest are discussed.
Twin towns – Sister cities
Mosta has two "sister cities"
- Borg, Victor (2002). Rough Guide to Malta and Gozo. Rough Guides. pp. 151–2.
- Castillo, Dennis (2006). The Maltese Cross: a strategic history of Malta. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 184.
- Millbrae Sister Cities - Mosta millbraesistercities.org
- (Italian) Comune di Ragusa: Comunicati Stampa ragusa.gov.it