Mosteiros (Ponta Delgada)
|Civil Parish (Freguesia)|
A coastal perspective of the village of Mosteiros, the westernmost settlement on the island of São Miguel
|Official name: Freguesia dos Mosteiros|
|Localities||Chã das Machadas, Lomba dos Homens, Lombinha, Mosteiros|
|- elevation||200 m (656 ft)|
|Highest point||Casa Velha|
|- location||Sete Cidades Massif, Mosteiros, Ponta Delgada|
|- elevation||520 m (1,706 ft)|
|Lowest point||Sea Level|
|- location||Atlantic Ocean|
|Length||4.42 km (3 mi), West-East|
|Width||4.14 km (3 mi), North-South|
|Area||9.20 km2 (4 sq mi)|
|- land||8.6 km2 (3 sq mi)|
|- urban||.6 km2 (0 sq mi)|
|Density||130 / km2 (337 / sq mi)|
|- location||Rua Pensões, Mosteiros, Ponta Delgada|
|President Junta||Paulo Jorge Franco Almeida|
|- summer (DST)||Azores (UTC0)|
|ISO 3166-2 code||PT-|
|Postal Zone||9555-156 Mosteiros|
|Area Code & Prefix||(+351) 292 XX XX XX|
|Patron Saint||Nossa Senhora da Conceição|
|Parish Address||Rua Pensões, 1
|Statistics: Instituto Nacional de Estatística|
|Geographic detail from CAOP (2010) produced by Instituto Geográfico Português (IGP)|
Mosteiros is a civil parish in the municipality of Ponta Delgada on the Portuguese island of São Miguel in the Azores. The population (based on the 2001 census) was 1196, in an area of approximately 9.2 square kilometres (3.6 sq mi); there are 130 inhabitants per km².
It was only around 1480, that the first peoples began to settle this part of the island, mostly by the maritime access, for many years.
The community of Mosteiros was built on ancestral fishing for many years, even as its territory was cultivated by farmers. Today, these activities have been complemented by tourist-related activities.
Today, the parish of Mosteiros is the only municipality in Ponta Delgada that retains one unique roadway that is used by its residents to access the fajã. The Ramal dos Mosteiros, which connects it to the main Estrada Regional 1-1ª roadway allow residents to enter and leave the isolated community, as the precarious roads in the areas of Pico de Mafra or Terras Queimadas (normally affected by weather and unstable geomorphology).
Mosteiros is located in the northwestern part of the island of São Miguel, connected by the Estrada Regional 1-1ª roadway to Ponta Delgada in the southeast and Ribeira Grande in the northeast. The main village is located on a fajã at the tip of the island, surrounded by coastal cliffs that reach 20 metres (66 ft). The parish is primarily recognizable by a group of islets that lie offshore: two small islets to the northwest, and a group in the southwest, including one further west and two smaller islets, slightly east of the large islet. The word Mosteiros, meaning monastery in the Portuguese language, was named for these islets: the largest of these islets is shaped like a church.
The development of the community has been highlighted by the construction of two triatos or impérios, associated with Cult of the Holy Spirit: the Impéro da Grota (located in the garden near the main Church) and the Império das Lombas (raised over the old structure). In addition, several reparations were completed on the school Escola Comendador Ângelo José Dias, the seat of the parish, philharmonic band and extension of the ETAR (sewage and drainage). The Jardim da Eira Velha, a greenspace in the community was also elaborated, overlooking the sea and fishing port, in addition to the changing rooms of the football field.
The conclusion of the Caminho da Pedra Queimada, which connects the Rua das Pensões to the regional roadway (at Lomba dos Homens) was part of an attempt to improve the community's access. This was also the case with the paving and extensions of the Caminho do Concelho, which connects the Ramal dos Mosteiros to Pico de Mafra. Another solution defended by the parish council was the opening of a new road along the cliffs to the top of Rua das Vinhas until Rua Nova, a solution that has the foresight of providing new residential homes.
Agriculture dominates in the interior, with herding of dairy cattle and the cultivation of some fruits and vegetables.
- INE, ed. (2010), Censos 2011 - Resultadas Preliminares [2011 Census - Preliminary Results] (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Instituto Nacional de Estatística, retrieved 1 January 2012
- IGP, ed. (2010), Carta Administrativa Oficial de Portugal (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Instituto Geográfico Português, retrieved 1 July 2011