Mosteiros (Ponta Delgada)

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Mosteiros
Civil Parish
Mosteiros sao miguel.jpg
A coastal perspective of the village of Mosteiros, the westernmost settlement on the island of São Miguel
Official name: Freguesia dos Mosteiros
Country  Portugal
Autonomous Region  Azores
Island São Miguel
Municipality Ponta Delgada
Localities Chã das Machadas, Lomba dos Homens, Lombinha, Mosteiros
Center Lombinha
 - elevation 200 m (656 ft)
 - coordinates 37°53′1″N 25°48′58″W / 37.88361°N 25.81611°W / 37.88361; -25.81611Coordinates: 37°53′1″N 25°48′58″W / 37.88361°N 25.81611°W / 37.88361; -25.81611
Highest point Casa Velha
 - location Sete Cidades Massif
 - elevation 520 m (1,706 ft)
 - coordinates 37°52′44″N 25°47′31″W / 37.87889°N 25.79194°W / 37.87889; -25.79194
Area 8.95 km2 (3 sq mi)
 - urban .6 km2 (0 sq mi)
Population 1,123 (2011)
Density 125 / km2 (324 / sq mi)
LAU Junta Freguesia
 - location Rua Pensões
President Junta Paulo Jorge Franco Almeida
Timezone Azores (UTC-1)
 - summer (DST) Azores (UTC0)
Postal Zone 9555-156
Area Code & Prefix (+351) 292 XX XX XX
Demonym Mosteirense
Patron Saint Nossa Senhora da Conceição
Location of the civil parish of Ginetes in the municipality of Ponta Delgada
Statistics: Instituto Nacional de Estatística[1]
Geographic detail from CAOP (2010)[2] produced by Instituto Geográfico Português (IGP)

Mosteiros is a civil parish in the municipality of Ponta Delgada on the Portuguese island of São Miguel in the Azores. The population in 2011 was 1,123,[3] in an area of 8.95 square kilometres (3.46 sq mi).[4]

History[edit]

It was only around 1480, that the first peoples began to settle this part of the island, mostly by the maritime access, for many years. The community of Mosteiros was built on ancestral fishing for many years, even as its territory was cultivated by farmers.

The word Mosteiros, meaning monastery in the Portuguese language, was named for these islets: the largest of these islets is shaped like a church.[5] As Gaspar Frutuoso noted:

"Between the large islet and ponta Ruiva, by the cliffs, until the promontory of Escalvados, there are some large depressions and well made fumaroles, in the form of a church, or monastaries, or of both things, that older settlers called the monasataries [Mosteiros], situated on the fajã that ran from the peak in Sete Cidades".[5]

The parochial church, dedicated to Our Lady of the Conception, was constructed at various stages and remotes the beginning of the 17th century.[5]

Today, these activities have been complemented by tourist-related activities.

Geography[edit]

Mosteiros is located in the northwestern part of the island of São Miguel, connected by the Estrada Regional 1-1ª roadway to Ponta Delgada in the southeast and Ribeira Grande in the northeast.[5] The main village is located on a fajã at the tip of the island, surrounded by coastal cliffs that reach 20 metres (66 ft). The parish is primarily recognizable by a group of islets that lie offshore: two small islets to the northwest, and a group in the southwest, including one further west and two smaller islets, slightly east of the large islet.

The development of the community has been highlighted by the construction of two triatos or impérios, associated with Cult of the Holy Spirit: the Impéro da Grota (located in the garden near the main Church) and the Império das Lombas (raised over the old structure).[5] In addition, several reparations were completed on the school Escola Comendador Ângelo José Dias, the seat of the parish, philharmonic band and extension of the ETAR (sewage and drainage). The Jardim da Eira Velha, a greenspace in the community was also elaborated, overlooking the sea and fishing port, in addition to the changing rooms of the football field.

The conclusion of the Caminho da Pedra Queimada, which connects the Rua das Pensões to the regional roadway (at Lomba dos Homens) was part of an attempt to improve the community's access. This was also the case with the paving and extensions of the Caminho do Concelho, which connects the Ramal dos Mosteiros to Pico de Mafra. Another solution defended by the parish council was the opening of a new road along the cliffs to the top of Rua das Vinhas until Rua Nova, a solution that has the foresight of providing new residential homes.

Economy[edit]

Agriculture dominates in the interior, with herding of dairy cattle and the cultivation of some fruits and vegetables.

Culture[edit]

The festivities in honour of the patron saint occur on the third Sunday of August.[5]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ INE, ed. (2010), Censos 2011 - Resultadas Preliminares [2011 Census - Preliminary Results] (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Instituto Nacional de Estatística, retrieved 1 January 2012 
  2. ^ IGP, ed. (2010), Carta Administrativa Oficial de Portugal (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Instituto Geográfico Português, retrieved 1 July 2011 
  3. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  4. ^ Eurostat
  5. ^ a b c d e f DRAC (2010), p.30
Sources
  • DRAC, ed. (2010). Festas das ilhas de São Miguel e Santa Maria 2010 [Festivals of the islands of São Miguel and Santa Maria 2010] (in Portuguese). Ponta Delgada, Azores: Direcção Regional das Comunidades. p. 16.