Mosty u Jablunkova
|Mosty u Jablunkova
Mosty koło Jabłonkowa
|First mentioned||16th century|
|• Mayor||Josef Szotkowski|
|• Total||33.95 km2 (13.11 sq mi)|
|Elevation||490 m (1,610 ft)|
|• Density||120/km2 (300/sq mi)|
|Postal code||739 98|
Mosty u Jablunkova (help·info) (Polish: , German: Mosty bei Jablunkau) (1920-1949: Mosty) is a village in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic, located in the Jablunkov Pass. It has 3,937 inhabitants, 18.3% of the population are the Poles. 83.9% of the population are religious, of whom 93.8% are Catholic. It lies in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia, on the slopes of the Silesian Beskids mountain range.
The name is cultural in origins literally meaning bridges. It is sometimes conjectured that the name was conveyed by settlers from other village in Cieszyn Silesia also named Mosty, who supposedly established the village. In the past the village was also named Mostarze (1652) denoting rather its inhabitants.
In 1785 the village became a seat of a Catholic parish.
After Revolutions of 1848 in the Austrian Empire a modern municipal division was introduced in the re-established Austrian Silesia. The village as a municipality was subscribed to the political district of Teschen and the legal district of Jablunkau. According to the censuses conducted in 1880, 1890, 1900 and 1910 the population of the municipality grew from 1,959 in 1880 to 2,318 in 1910 with a majority being native Polish-speakers (growing from 98% in 1880 to 98.5% in 1910) accompanied by German-speaking (at most 38 or 2% in 1880) and Czech-speaking people (at most 7 or 0.3% in 1900). In terms of religion in 1910 the majority were Roman Catholics (98.6%), followed by Protestants (25 or 1.1%) and Jews (6 people). The village was also traditionally inhabited by Silesian Gorals, speaking Jablunkov dialect.
After World War I, fall of Austria-Hungary, Polish–Czechoslovak War and the division of Cieszyn Silesia in 1920, it became a part of Czechoslovakia. Following the Munich Agreement, in October 1938 together with the Zaolzie region it was annexed by Poland, administratively adjoined to Cieszyn County of Silesian Voivodeship.
There are many opportunities for sport and recreation in the village:
- Three pistes with natural and artificial snow and also night skiing
- Small aquapark
- Football field, volleyball fields
European road E75 runs through Mosty u Jablunkova from Jablunkov and continues to Slovakia. There is also a customs office on the route, though border checks have been abolished with both countries' accession to the Schengen zone.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms of Mosty u Jablunkova consists of a two-arched red brick bridge in golden shield and a black Silesian eagle.
The flag of Mosty u Jablunkova contains three vertical stripes: white, yellow and white in ratio 1:2:1. The yellow stripe contains an unbound reproduction of the coat of arms. The flag ratio is 2:3.
- Hosák et al. 1980, 99.
- "2001 census data". Czech Statistical Office.
- Mrózek, Robert (1984). Nazwy miejscowe dawnego Śląska Cieszyńskiego [Local names of former Cieszyn Silesia] (in Polish). Katowice: Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach. p. 120. ISSN 0208-6336.
- Panic, Idzi (2011). Śląsk Cieszyński w początkach czasów nowożytnych (1528-1653) [Cieszyn Silesia in the beginnings of Modern Era (1528-1653)] (in Polish). Cieszyn: Starostwo Powiatowe w Cieszynie. p. 166. ISBN 978-83-926929-5-9.
- Piątkowski, Kazimierz (1918). Stosunki narodowościowe w Księstwie Cieszyńskiem (in Polish). Cieszyn: Macierz Szkolna Księstwa Cieszyńskiego. pp. 267, 285.
- "Ustawa z dnia 27 października 1938 r. o podziale administracyjnym i tymczasowej organizacji administracji na obszarze Ziem Odzyskanych Śląska Cieszyńskiego". Dziennik Ustaw Śląskich (in Polish) (Katowice). nr 18/1938, poz. 35. 31 October 1938. Retrieved 1 July 2014.
- Hosák, Ladislav; Rudolf Šrámek (1980). Místní jména na Moravě a ve Slezsku II, M-Ž. Praha: Academia.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mosty u Jablunkova.|
- (Czech) Official website
- (Czech) Ski centre Mosty u Jablunkova
- (Czech) Ski centre Mosty u Jablunkova
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