Mosynopolis (Greek: Μοσυνόπολις, Bulgarian: Мосинопол or Месинопол), known in late Antiquity as Maximianoupolis (Μαξιμιανούπολις), was a Byzantine town in Thrace located on the Via Egnatia near the modern Greek city of Komotini. The town was destroyed by the Bulgarian tsar Kaloyan in 1207 after his victory over the Latin Empire in the battle of Mosynopolis. The monk Ephrem says that the city had been taken in 1190 by Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor.
Ecclesiastical history 
A single bishop is known, Paul, who assisted at the council of 878, which re-established Photius. The see is mentioned in the Notitia of Leo the Wise, about 900; in that for 940; in that for 1170 under the name of Misinoupolis.
- Kiel, Machiel (1971). "Observations on the History of Northern Greece during the Turkish Rule: Historical and Architectural Description of the Turkish Monuments of Komotini and Serres, their place in the Development of Ottoman Turkish Architecture and their Present Condition". Balkan Studies 12: 417.
- Cæsares, V. 5695, in Patrologia Graeca, CXLIII, 216.
- Le Quien, Oriens christianus, I, 1205.
- Heinrich Gelzer, Ungedruckte ... Notitiæ episcopatuum, 558.
- Gelzer, Georgii Cyprii Descriptio orbis Romani, 79.
- Parthey, Hierocles Synecdemus, 122.
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