Motandra guineensis

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Motandra guineensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Apocynoideae
Tribe: Apocyneae
Genus: Motandra
Species: M. guineensis
Binomial name
Motandra guineensis
(Thonn.) A.DC.
Synonyms[1]
  • Baissea guineensis (A.DC.) Roberty
  • Echites guineensis Thonn.
  • Echites paniculatus Thonn. ex A.DC.
  • Motandra altissima Stapf
  • Motandra pyramidalis Stapf
  • Motandra rostrata K.Schum

Motandra guineensis grows as a climbing shrub or liana up to 40 metres (130 ft) long, with a stem diameter of up to 10 centimetres (3.9 in). Its fragrant flowers feature a white to greenish white corolla. Fruit is dark green with paired follicles, each up to 18 centimetres (7.1 in) long. M. guineensis is found in a variety of habitats from sea-level to 1,200 metres (3,900 ft) altitude. Local medicinal uses include as a treatment for eye infections, toothache, headache and postpartum stomach pain.[2] The plant is found in Guinea, Mali, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Sudan, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Gabon, the Republic of Congo, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi, Uganda and Angola.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Motandra guineensis". The Plant List. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  2. ^ Medicinal Plants. PROTA. 2008. pp. 388–389. ISBN 978-9-05782-204-9. 
  3. ^ Search for "Motandra guineensis", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 17 August 2013