Japanese box art. The game logo's wooden/metallic structure is intended to invoke feelings of unease and discomfort.
|Genre(s)||Role-playing video game|
Mother 3 is a 2006 role-playing video game developed by Nintendo, Brownie Brown and HAL Laboratory and published for the Game Boy Advance handheld game console. The game has only been released in Japan, though it has a cult following among English-speakers. It was written by Shigesato Itoi, the creator of the series, and directed by Nobuyuki Inoue. The music was composed by Shogo Sakai. While Mother 3 is the sequel to EarthBound and is the third game in the series, the story focuses on a new, unrelated cast of characters.
Mother 3 is set on the "Nowhere Islands", a series of sparsely inhabited islands on Earth. The game switches perspectives between the main characters, who are all people (or animals) who live on the islands. The game focuses on twins named Lucas and Claus, their family, and the friends who join them to fight against the mysterious Pigmask Army. The game's story is a tragedy: its main themes involve coping with the loss of family members and the perils of consumerism. The game also has many comedic elements, such as parody of other video games. The game was advertised as "funny, strange, [and] heartrending".
Mother 3 had a very long development cycle: it began development in 1994 as a Super Famicom title, but development transitioned to the Nintendo 64DD, then to the Nintendo 64, and finally to the Game Boy Advance. Although Nintendo of America has not announced plans to localize Mother 3, a fan translation group has released a patch to translate the game into English. According to Itoi there are no plans to create a fourth Mother game, and has announced not to create another installment. However, he may continue making other games besides Mother.
The gameplay of Mother 3 is very similar to the previous games in the series. The player controls a main character from an overhead perspective and moves around to explore, talk to characters, and travel through dangerous environments. In dangerous areas, enemies such as Pigmasks, wild animals, and robots will move around and chase the player. If the player comes into contact with an enemy, they will enter battle. Up to three other characters will follow the player, and if any of them are touched from behind, the battle will begin with the player at a disadvantage. The player can also dash to stun enemies or dispose of enemies that are too weak to waste time fighting.
The game retains the battle system found in Mother and EarthBound, characterized by non-animated enemy sprites and a distorted, animated background. The player controls up to four characters in combat, with the exception of some non-playable characters who follow the player over the course of the story and contribute randomly to the fight. All characters can attack enemies with weapons and use items in combat, and each character has some unique abilities. Each character also has individual statistics typical for role-playing games, such as Offense, Defense, and IQ (which affects PSI powers).
Combat in Mother 3 includes a unique musical combo system not found in previous titles. To use this system, the player must tap buttons in time with the beat of the background music, with most enemies having their own beat and/or tempo. The player can hear this tempo by putting an enemy to sleep, allowing the player to hear a "heartbeat". Like Earthbound, combat uses a "rolling health" system: instead of a character's health being immediately lost when injured, the health meter of the character will roll down over time. This allows a mortally wounded character to perform actions like attacking or healing himself, as long as the player acts quickly enough. If a battle ends while a characters' health is still counting down, it will stop decreasing.
The player can save the game by talking to creatures called "Save Frogs", which are abundant and appear at various areas in the game. Currency is not available early in the game, as Nowhere Islands features a communal gift-giving system. Currency is introduced later in the game as "Dragon Power" (DP), which is earned from defeating enemies. DP is stored away after battle, requiring the player access it from the Save Frogs.
It is set in the Nowhere Islands in an unknown time period which is estimated to be at least a thousand years after the events of EarthBound. The only inhabited part of the island besides a few scattered homes is the main characters' hometown.
The first location observed is Tazmily Village ("Tatsumairi Village" in official translations). It is a rural Western-styled village with a communal gift-giving system. Nearby the village are a forest and Osohe Castle, a relic of older times. New Pork City is the final location in the game, and was featured in Super Smash Bros. Brawl.
Once the Pigmask Army arrives, they begin building many other facilities around the island. As the game progresses, their hold on the island becomes stronger and more structures are built. They also introduce currency, or "Dragon Points" to the inhabitants of Tazmily. Their largest facility is New Pork City, which seems to be designed as some kind of amusement park. Most of the additions created after the Pigmasks arrive have themes from American culture, psychedelia, and rock music (which are normal for the series).
There are six main characters in Mother 3: Lucas, a young boy; Flint, a livestock farmer and father of Lucas and his brother Claus; Kumatora, a princess; Duster, a thief; Boney, Flint's dog; and Salsa, a performing monkey. The game frequently switches perspective between the characters as the story progresses, but the later chapters of the game focus on Lucas, Boney, Kumatora, and Duster.
These characters have abilities unique to them. Flint has "full power attacks", including attack and defense buffs and an attack that strikes multiple enemies; Duster is capable of using several "thief tools", including staples to nail down enemies and a snake that doubles as a grappling hook; Salsa's technique is Dance, where he does a dance to affect the enemy's disposition; Lucas and Kumatora use PSI, which is similar to magic in fantasy role-playing games; and Boney's is Sniff, which is used to reveal enemy stats like hit points and PSI weaknesses. Mother 3 features few returning characters from Earthbound, including Dr. Andonuts and Porky Minch, as well as the Mr. Saturns, a race of small creatures who speak in a strange dialect.
The game opens with Hinawa and her two children Lucas and Claus at Tazmily Village visiting her father Alec. After a few days they start their walk back home just as a mysterious group of uniformed men wearing pig masks invade the nearby forest. The trees of the forest suddenly catch fire, and a Drago (a dinosaur-like creature that is normally friendly) violently kills Hinawa. The Pigmasks reveal that they used cybernetics to turn the once-friendly creature into a mindless killing machine. When Hinawa's husband, Flint, finds out about this, he becomes consumed with rage and sadness. He vents his anger by attacking the other villagers, and is finally knocked unconscious and arrested. The next day Claus visits Flint in jail and gives him a tool to escape, also promising that he will avenge Hinawa's death. After escaping jail Flint finds out from Lucas that Claus left the village with a knife, and has indeed gone after the Mecha-Drago. Flint, determined to save his son, goes with Alec into the mountains where the Dragos live. They find Claus's shoes but their search is interrupted by the enraged Mecha-Drago, and they defeat it after a tiring battle. A baby Drago defends the dying mecha one, and Alec convinces Flint not to strike the killing blow by comparing this to Hinawa's death. Exhausted, they abandon their search for Claus and Flint accepts it.
Soon after, thief-in-training Duster goes with his father, Wess, to retrieve the Hummingbird's Egg from Osohe Castle. They meet Kumatora, the princess of Osohe Castle, and find that the egg is booby trapped, and the trio are sent into the castle's sewer system. Kumatora and Wess wash up on a sandbank, but Duster goes missing, losing his memory and eventually becoming the bass player for a popular band that performs at the nearby Club Titiboo. He hides the egg in the process, not knowing what it is. Meanwhile, a banana-loving man named Yokuba (Fassad in translated versions) starts to sell enigmatic "Happy Boxes" to the villagers.
Three years after Tazmily has been transformed into a fiercely consumerist society with a monetary system in place for the first time, a Happy Box appears in nearly every house. Pigmasks have installed a military base in the town, and hire villagers to work for them at facilities around the island. Lucas learns about his mother dead and his brother missing and Flint spends all of his time up in the mountains searching for Claus. Lucas goes around town and sees all of the changes the Pigmasks have made. He finds Wess in a dirty retirement home which has replaced his house. Wess asks Lucas to find Duster, so Lucas goes with his dog Boney to Club Titiboo in search of him. Right after he leaves, he meets Ionia, a member of a group of beings who are thousands of years old known as the Magypsies. Ionia teaches Lucas how to use PSI (a mental ability that is useful in combat) and reveals that Lucas can use a unique offensive ability called PSI Love to imply that he also taught it to Claus in his past. Lucas and Boney sneak into the club and meet Kumatora, who is also looking for Duster while disguised as a waitress. The three of them find Duster, restore his memories, and convince him to help them find the Hummingbird Egg. They do so, and demolish a lightning generator tower that has been destroying the homes of villagers not willing to conform to the monetary system or buy Happy Boxes. They are chased to the top of the tower by Fassad, who slips on one of his own banana peels and falls off. They try to escape by hanging from the ladder of a Pigmask ship, but are thrown off. Lucas and Boney awaken in a field of sunflowers, where they see Hinawa's ghost. Lucas runs after her, accidentally running off the side of a cliff and onto a haystack. They meet Ionia again, who tells Lucas about the Seven Needles which seal off the gigantic "Dark Dragon" hidden under the island. Whether the world would be destroyed or created anew upon the Dragon's release depends on whether the one who pulls them is good or evil. They set off to pull as many of the needles as they can before a mysterious Masked Man leading the Pigmasks transfers his own heart onto the dragon. On the way they reunite with Kumatora and Duster. After Lucas and the Masked Man manage to pull three needles each, Lucas, Kumatora, Duster and Boney are invited to the neon superhaven New Pork City by Master Porky, leader of the Pigmasks. The city turns out to be mostly made out of crude, childish theme park attractions and fake cardboard buildings. They find an imprisoned Leder, the village's bell-ringer, who speaks for the first time and tells Lucas that there once existed a world much different from Nowhere Islands. The world wound up being destroyed by the humans who inhabited it. Before apocalypse, a white ship carried people to the Nowhere Islands where they worked to create a utopia under the Dragon's protection. They replaced their memories of the old world with the new one of Nowhere Islands to prevent them from destroying the islands as well. The Hummingbird Egg was created to store the old memories. Leder watched over the village as the only one who retained his memories, ringing a bell to keep their memories from reverting. He reveals that Porky discovered the islands by time traveling, filling his city with people taken from other eras (most of whom work as Pigmasks). Porky learned of the white ship and the Dragon from Locria, who betrayed the Magypsies. Since Porky could not pull the Needles, he turned the Masked Man (who could pull the needles because he can use PSI Love) into a soulless cyborg under his control. Leder urges Lucas and his friends to pull the seventh needle before the Masked Man so that the world will be created anew instead of destroyed. Fassad later battles them in New Pork City and is defeated for the last time. They later discover that Fassad was the final Magypsy, Locria.
On the 100th floor of the "Empire Porky Building" they meet Master Porky, who turns out to be an old man with the mind of a child (and as a child he was the primary antagonist of EarthBound). After being suddenly dropped into an elevator, Lucas, Kumatora, Duster, and Boney, along with Flint (who goes his separate way) go down to the Needle and Lucas' party battle Porky. Even though his extensive time traveling has rendered him unable to die, Porky's machine runs out of energy after being severely damaged, and he decides to encase himself in a completely impenetrable capsule. However, the capsule cannot be reopened, and Porky cannot attack, trapping Porky inside for eternity. When Lucas reaches the needle he is attacked by the Masked Man, and discovers that the Masked Man is actually his twin Claus. Flint, Kumatora, Duster, and Boney are knocked unconscious by Claus's PSI lighting, but due to Lucas' Franklin Badge, it reflects back and strikes Claus, leaving Lucas unharmed. Lucas and Claus begin their final duel.
Lucas is unable to bring himself to attack his twin brother, even as he attacks Flint who attempts in vain to bring Claus to his senses. Hinawa's ghost pleads with Lucas and Claus to stop fighting, and eventually Claus regains his memories and with his what little control of his body he has left, kills himself by reflecting his PSI lighting attack on Lucas' Franklin Badge one last time in order to free his soul. Claus draws his last breath, and Lucas pulls the final Needle. This leads to a cataclysmic event involving the islands ripping into pieces. After the credits and the game's "END?" screen, the player can move around on a blank screen and talk to all of the characters. Because the player can talk to Lucas, who is the playable character for most of the game, it seems that the player is interacting with the characters directly (instead of through another character.) All of the characters reassure the player that they are fine despite the islands being destroyed, and say goodbye to the player. Whether this is the afterlife or someplace that the people escaped to is left ambiguous. However, if what Ionia said is true, Lucas made the dragon and rebuilt the world. Finally the credits roll, the real "END" screen, and the game's wooden title is shown.
Shigesato Itoi was involved in the development of all versions of Mother 3. It was originally in development for the Super Famicom shortly after the release of EarthBound, and was later transferred to the Nintendo 64DD. After the 64DD proved to be a failure, the developers moved it to the Nintendo 64. Owing to difficulties in the development, it was delayed several times and ultimately cancelled until it was re-released for the Game Boy Advance. Shigesato Itoi announced that he currently had no plans to make a Mother 4 because of how difficult making Mother 3 was. When asked about his thoughts on a Mother 4, Shigesato Itoi responded by stating that he had no plans to make such a game, and that "this time, I'd like to be the player." He also commented that if anyone said that they would like to make Mother 4, he would tell them to "go for it".
The logo for Mother 3 is its title composed of both wood and metal. Itoi states that when things that do not match at all are attached to one another, it is unsettling. In the only novel Itoi has written, Family Fall Out, he wrote about a hearse, which contains a "casket of both metal and wood," a contrast between organic and inorganic that "makes you feel a little weird." He calls these feelings of uneasiness and discomfort "modern feelings", describing the logo as a symbol of that, and explains his desire "to incorporate these horribly unpleasant things from the beginning." The logo has remained the same since it was revealed. While the Nintendo 64 version featured several different subtitles attached to the title, Itoi chose not to use subtitles in the Game Boy Advance version, saying that he felt providing a subtitle was too strong a message that says "I want you to look at it this way." The official tagline for Mother 3 is "WELCOME TO MOTHER3 WORLD" [sic].
Osohe Castle, a locale in the game, was created by Itoi as a time table of sorts. He commented that no matter how correctly you portray a time period, it's easy for it to appear to be shallow, but when you dig up a fossil, you realize that it inhabited this world at one time, using the Nazca Lines as an example.
Itoi describes the world of Mother 3 as being "macho", saying that "the good guys are strong and fight, and so do the bad guys, set up to mean might equals right." Itoi also said that he had a difficult time creating another location called the Tanehineri Islands, which included a twisted, nightmarish world caused by the characters' consumption of psilocybin mushrooms. It is very similar to Moonside, a location from EarthBound that was opened up by the main characters being hypnotized. The temporary dialogue Itoi used for Tanehineri Island was so unpleasant that he could not stand to look at it, and tried to tone it down by rewriting it, though commenting that he still found it unpleasant. Itoi stated his worst nightmare would be his friends and family being evil, which is a recurring theme in the hallucinations that Lucas and company suffer. He stated that Tanehineri Island features a similar flavor to shows such as Twin Peaks and Lost.
Game Boy Advance version 
When Shigesato Itoi decided to convert Mother and EarthBound to the Game Boy Advance (GBA), he realized there would be pressure to revive Mother 3, which he was initially opposed to. Due to encouragement from fans, however, he decided to begin the development of it on the Game Boy Advance. At the end of several television advertisements for Mother 1 + 2, a compilation cartridge containing the predecessors of Mother 3, a creature called Mr. Saturn announces that "We're making Mother 3 for the GBA too! Dakota!" It was later announced on a release list by Nintendo. The GBA version was developed by Nintendo, HAL Laboratory and Brownie Brown, the latter a wholly owned Nintendo subsidiary formed by ex Square members. Itoi wrote the scenario and supervised the development. It was initially proposed to Itoi to adapt the cancelled Mother 3 to a book or film, but Itoi found them both implausible, saying that the scale did not feel right. Development of the GBA version began when someone came to Itoi, asking whether it can be made into a Game Boy Advance game. Itoi had not thought about it, so he merely told him "I don't know." Itoi thought it over, and realized that he was trapped in a mindset that everything he made had to be epic and grandiose. He commented that at the time, his attitude when approaching his work is "I want to shock the world!" and "I'm going to squeeze everything I can imagine, all of my creativity into this one project." as if he were working on his magnum opus. He came to the realization that there's a different niche he can fill, which was one of the contributing factors to choosing the Game Boy Advance. Itoi chose to use pixelated visuals over CG, saying that "flashy CG is just not an option for me", commenting that CG looks too ordinary. Itoi chose to use hiragana over kanji after playing Dragon Quest while sick in bed.
Mother 3 was created with a different feel from its predecessors. When the character of Bronson is about to reveal Hinawa's death to Flint, he states "I have good news and I have bad news." Itoi stated that this uneasy line was necessary, as if the characters continued with this mood, he would not be able to introduce things such as the Oxygen Tanks, a light-hearted device. One of the themes incorporated into Mother 3 is representing the physiology of the human body, such as the Asthma Spray utilized to treat asthma attacks in Mother. He compares the learning of PSI to menstruation, and says that when Lucas or Kumatora, the two characters who can learn PSI, get feverish, they learn a new PSI power, which Itoi says is similar to real life, explaining that whenever he feels sluggish or exhausted, he is certain that good things will follow. A scene where Lucas learns how to use PSI from the Magypsy Ionia while in a hot springs features the character telling Lucas to "just deal with it", commenting that he approached it with an older man's perspective as opposed to a "child's heart". He also comments that children are good at picking up the general idea behind things, and that if he lives to be 90, he hopes one of those kids as a grownup comes to him and says "A long time ago, in third grade, I played MOTHER 3. I was really nervous and confused about what was going on in the hot spring in that tunnel... And that's what led me to the place I am today."
Before the release of Mother 3, Shigesato Itoi launched a section on his web site that would reveal content week-by-week, such as wallpaper, ringtones, and images of enemies featured in the game. Mother 3 was eventually released on April 20, 2006. A limited edition version of Mother 3 was sold in Japan in addition to the basic title. The "Deluxe Box" included a special edition Game Boy Micro and a Franklin Badge.
Final battle 
The scenario between Lucas and Claus was written for the Nintendo 64 version while Itoi was in Saipan. While the N64 version was "much, much darker", the Game Boy Advance version is more light-hearted, which Itoi attributes to becoming a good person and because he was not presented with as many confrontations back during the N64 version's development as he was during the GBA version's. Since the scenario for the final battle had been written, it had always been a confrontation between two brothers. Itoi had several choices for each line in the final battle, and had to digest each of them. He set choosing the dialogue aside until later, separating himself from his other jobs and isolating himself, concentrating on writing it. During the final battle, Hinawa's ghost appears, scolding the two boys and telling them to stop fighting, though she is harder on Lucas, because he is still alive. Itoi stated that the player feels very sorry for Claus, and that even more so than the good, the bad need to be rescued. He further states that "there's a deep meaning behind it, but they had to keep it simple because the game was written in Hiragana". He had to beg the developer Brownie Brown to "add in the program the operations in the game perfectly enough to add the super subtle timing between lines."
The music for the game was composed exclusively by Shogo Sakai; he had previously composed music for several games such as Virtua Fighter 2 and Super Smash Bros. Melee. Shigesato Itoi stated that Sakai was given the position because he understood Mother 3 the most, given that he could not use Keiichi Suzuki or Hirokazu Tanaka, the composers for the first two games, as they were both busy with other projects. Itoi also said that given the massive amount of songs in the game, over 250, he needed someone who had a lot of time to dedicate to the project and who could focus exclusively on it. "Love Theme", the main theme of Mother 3, was composed late in the game's development; earlier in development Itoi intended to use the "Pigmask Army" theme as the main theme of the game. Itoi requested that "Love Theme" be playable on a piano with only one finger, as the "Eight Melodies" theme from Mother had gained popularity and been played in elementary schools due to its simplicity.
The MOTHER3+ soundtrack album was first released by Tokyo Itoi Shigesato Office on November 2, 2006, and then distributed through the iTunes Store on February 2, 2007, featuring an additional bonus track, "MOTHER3 – theme of LOVE". Another album of music from the game, MOTHER3i, was released on February 6, 2007 by Tokyo Itoi Shigesato Office in the iTunes Store and other online music services. Each track of Mother3i is a combination of several tracks from the game itself, though it still does not cover all of the tracks from the game.
Pre-release and release 
It appeared on the top five most-wanted list in Famitsu after it was announced. Writer Tim Rogers wrote that Mother 3 may "be the most important game of this year". It had great response from pre-orderers and was one of the top 20 best-selling games of the first half of 2006.
Critical response 
|Eurogamer||7 / 10|
|Famitsu||35 / 40|
|GamesTM||8 / 10|
|NGC Magazine||7.7 / 10|
|Play||10 / 10|
Four editors for Famitsu gave it a 10, 9, 8, and 8 out of 10. 1UP.com's Jeremy Parish compared Mother 3 to the notoriously delayed Duke Nukem Forever, but wrote that the delays were since Mother 3 became less technologically advanced was "deeply impressed" by its "involving, rhythm-based battle system, its charming visuals, and its moving storyline". Eurogamer's Simon Parkin praised the storytelling; he wrote that while it "initially appears to be a straightforward tale told in primary colours", it "soon demonstrates a breadth and depth of quality that few titles many times its budget achieve". He added that its character designs, which he called "unusually Western in appearance", "communicate comedy and tragedy with unexpected impact". He compared the method of splitting chapters up between different main characters to Dragon Quest IV: Chapters of the Chosen, which also used this method. He felt that the gameplay was simple, but was "elegant in its simplicity" and was a "journey palatable even to genre detractors". GamerTell's Jenni Lada named it the "Second Runner-Up" for their list of must-import Game Boy Advance games. She explained that its low ranking on the list was due to it being hard to understand for those who cannot read hiragana. GamePro attributed their continued use of the Game Boy Advance in part to Mother 3, concluding that it "may be the GBA's best RPG". GameSpy's Andrew Alfonso praised its "interesting and entertaining gameplay", "nice visuals", and "fast-paced gameplay", but felt that it did not "appear to be an incredibly deep game". GameSpot's Greg Kasavin called it amusing, and wrote that it had a chance to be released in English considering Nintendo's English localizations of Brain Age: Train Your Brain in Minutes a Day! and Electroplankton.
Fan translation 
On October 17, 2008, Starmen.net released a fan translation patch that, when applied on a copy of the ROM image, translates the game into English. In an interview with UGO.com, Reid Young, alias Reidman, co-founder of Starmen.net, stated that when they realized Nintendo was not going to localize Mother 3, they decided to undertake the task, for themselves and for fans of the game. The project took more than a year to complete, which included translating, writing, and revising the game text, as well as extensive hacking and testing to ensure that the game properly and correctly displays the translated text. The translation included minor deviations from the original, such as localization of place-names and puns. Few dramatic changes were made, but at least three characters were renamed: "Yokuba," loosely derived from the word "欲" (yoku), which is Japanese for "greed", was replaced with "Fassad", loosely derived from the French word "façade" and, incidentally, the word "فساد" (fasād), which is Arabic for "corruption". Also, "Yoshi-Koshi" and "Tamekichi," Kumatora and Duster's aliases at Club Titiboo, were replaced with "Violet" and "Lucky," respectively. In Mother 3, if one names Kumatora and Duster "Yoshi-Koshi" and "Tamekichi," their aliases in Club Titiboo are different. At least two locations were renamed as well; the Telly Forest, renamed the Sunshine Forest, and Tanehineri Island, renamed Tanetane Island. The translation patch received over 100,000 downloads from the web site in the first week of its release. The lead translator, Clyde Mandelin, alias "Tomato", expected that the patch would be downloaded a few thousand times, and called its reception a "pleasant surprise." He commented that one of the biggest hurdles in hacking the game was the "sprite text"-heavy naming screen. Owing to CPU problems, a split-second graphical glitch occurs after the player confirms his or her name choices and before the main gameplay begins. Mandelin worried about the impression this glitch would make on players, speculating that people playing for the first time would think that the glitch reflected on a poor overall hacking job for the game as a whole.
Mandelin stated in an interview with Simon Parkin of Gamasutra that he knew that this translation was not completely legal and that if Nintendo objected, he would have stopped the translation immediately. The team has also stated the same in their project FAQ. The industry response has been quite positive; Mandelin has received e-mails from video game industry professionals expressing their gratitude for his efforts, sometimes even offering to buy him drinks. While Nintendo has not provided an official comment on the translation, employees of Nintendo and Square Enix have expressed excitement for the project. Other localizations are currently in development by the translation team, including Spanish, Portuguese, French, Italian, Dutch, German, and Malay.
Eurogamer's Simon Parkin wrote that the translation was full of "wit and vim". GamerTell's Jenni Lada called it "undoubtedly one of the best known fan translations in existance [sic]" She added that "it's one of the few translation projects where even people in the game industry were happy and didn’t object".
Demand for an international release 
1UP.com's Jeremy Parish wrote that the lack of an international release was due to the poor timing of its release at the end of the Game Boy Advance's life and that Rhythm Tengoku was also affected by this. GamesRadar's David Houghton jokingly included Mother 3 in its list of the most "hideous mums" due to its lack of an English release. GamePro's Jeremy Signor included it in his list of the 14 best Japanese role-playing video games. He praised Brownie Brown for being "able to pack a lot of emotion and characterization into these simple-yet-detailed sprites". GameSpy's Jonti Davies included it in his list of video games that are "stuck in Japan". However in an interview with Satoru Iwata, Iwata hinted a Western release for the game after he had talks with the games creator Shigesato Itoi
In other media 
Several elements from Mother 3 were featured in Super Smash Bros. Brawl for the Wii. Players could control Lucas, who was originally going to be featured in Brawl's predecessor Super Smash Bros. Melee. It also featured a location from Mother 3, New Pork City, and its primary antagonist, Porky, as a boss. In the DSiWare game, A Kappa's Trail (developed by Brownie Brown), a Pigmask is playable, and there are many Mother 3 references.
Since the announcement of EarthBound 64, Nintendo and other organizations have produced pieces of Mother 3 merchandise. A strategy guide was created by Enterbrain called "Mother 3 Perfect Guide" on June 8, 2006.
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- "Translations Into Other Languages". Clyde Mandelin. 2008-07-09. Retrieved 2009-02-06.
- Lada, Jenni (2010-03-05). "Important Importables: Notable fan translation projects". GamerTell.
- Houghton, David. "Gaming's most hideous mums". GamesRadar. Retrieved 2011-05-27.
- Signor, Jeremy (2011-02-22). "The 14 Best Unreleased JRPGs". GamePro. Archived from the original on 2011-11-30.
- Davies, Jonti (2006-12-16). "Stuck in Japan". GameSpy.
- Sakurai, Masahiro (2007-10-01). "Lucas". Smash Bros. DOJO!!. Retrieved 2009-03-22.
- "速報スマブラ拳!!: ネス" (in Japanese). Nintendo. 2001-07-17. Retrieved 2007-10-21.
- Sakurai, Masahiro (2008-03-17). "Boss Strategies". Smash Bros. DOJO!!. Retrieved 2009-03-22.
- "Mother 3 Perfect Guide". Play Asia. Retrieved 2009-01-19.
- Official websites
- (Japanese) Official website
- (Japanese) 1101.com (Shigesato Itoi's website): Mother 3
- (Japanese) Mother capture