Mother Heroine

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Honorary title
Mother Heroine
MotherHeroine.jpg
Obverse of the Order "Mother Heroine"
Awarded by  Soviet Union
Type Honorary title
Eligibility Citizens of the Soviet Union
Awarded for Raising 10 or more children
Status No longer awarded
Statistics
Established July 8, 1944
Kazakh "Алтын алка" ("Golden pendant")

Mother Heroine (Russian: Мать-героиня) was an honorary title in the Soviet Union awarded for bearing and raising a large family. The state's intent was not only to honour such large families but also to increase financial assistance to pregnant women, mothers of large families and single mothers, and to promote an increased level of health in mother and child.[1]

Award History[edit]

The honorary title "Mother Heroine" was established on July 8, 1944 by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet.[1] Its statute, including multiple increases in available state pensions for these families or single mothers, was amended 15 times from its original establishment until the last amendment contained in Decree number 20 of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of May 7, 1986.

Award Statute[edit]

The honorary title "Mother Heroine" was awarded to mothers bearing and raising 10 or more children. The title was accompanied by the bestowal of the Order "Mother Heroine" and a certificate conferred by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union. It was awarded upon the first birthday of the last child, provided that nine other children (natural or adopted) remained alive. Children who had perished under heroic, military or other respectful circumstances, including occupational diseases, were also counted. The award was created simultaneously with the Order of Maternal Glory (Russian: Орден "Материнская слава") and the Maternity Medal (Russian: Медаль материнства), intended for women with five to nine children.[1]

They were also entitled to a number of privileges in terms of retirement pension, the payment of public utility charges, and the supply of food and other goods.[1]

Approximately 430,000 women were awarded this title during its existence.

If worn with honorary titles of the Russian Federation, the latter have precedence.[2]

Award Description[edit]

The honorary title "Mother Heroine" entitled the recipient to wear the Order "Mother Heroine" which was a gold star with silver straight rays between the arms forming an inversed pentagon; it was suspended by a silver plated ring through the suspension loop to a metallic, red-enameled scroll-shaped mount bearing the gilt relief inscription "MOTHER HEROINE" (Russian: МАТЬ-ГЕРОИНЯ).[1]

Post-Soviet Awards[edit]

Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the award was abolished in most post-Soviet republics.

  • In the Russian Federation it was abolished in 1991 but replaced in 2008 with the Order of Parental Glory.
  • In Tajikistan it was withdrawn in 1996 to discourage large families.
  • In Ukraine it was canceled upon independence but restored in 2001.[3]
  • In Kazakhstan, mothers of 10 or more children have since 1995 been awarded the Altyn Alka (Алтын алка, "Golden pendant") and mothers of eight or nine children have received the Kumis Alka (Кумiс алка, "Silver pendant").

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union of July 8, 1944" (in Russian). Legal Library of the Soviet Union. 1944-07-08. Retrieved 2012-02-25. 
  2. ^ "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of September 7, 2010 No 1099" (in Russian). Russian Gazette. 2010-09-07. Retrieved 2012-02-25. 
  3. ^ Gender, Politics and Society in Ukraine, University of Toronto Press, 2012, ISBN 1442640642

External links[edit]