Motions relating to methods of voting and the polls

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Motions relating to methods of voting and the polls
Class Incidental
In order when another has the floor? No
Requires second? Yes
Debatable? No
May be reconsidered? To close polls, no; to reopen polls, negative vote only; all others, yes
Amendable? Yes
Vote required: Majority, except two-thirds for motion to close polls

Motions relating to methods of voting and the polls, in parliamentary procedure, are incidental motions used to obtain a vote on a question in some form other than by voice or by division of the assembly; or to close or reopen the polls. For instance, a motion can be made to cast votes using black and white balls or a signed ballot.[1] These motions generally cannot be used to specify a voting system other than a majority vote, such as a plurality vote[2] or preferential vote.[3] That can only be done through a provision in the bylaws. Likewise, proxy voting is generally prohibited, except in situations in which membership is transferable, as in stock corporations.[4]


  1. ^ Robert, Henry M. (2000). Robert's Rules of Order Newly Revised, 10th ed., p. 273
  2. ^ RONR, p. 392
  3. ^ RONR, p. 413
  4. ^ RONR, p. 414–415