In mathematics, motivic L-functions are a generalization of Hasse–Weil L-functions to general motives over global fields. The local L-factor at a finite place v is similarly given by the characteristic polynomial of a Frobenius element at v acting on the v-inertial invariants of the v-adic realization of the motive. For infinite places, Jean-Pierre Serre gave a recipe in (Serre 1970) for the so-called Gamma factors in terms of the Hodge realization of the motive. It is conjectured that, like other L-functions, that each motivic L-function can be analytically continued to a meromorphic function on the entire complex plane and satisfies a functional equation relating the L-function L(s, M) of a motive M to L(1 − s, M∨), where M∨ is the dual of the motive M.
Basic examples include Artin L-functions and Hasse–Weil L-functions. It is also known (Scholl 1990), for example, that a motive can be attached to a newform (i.e. a primitive cusp form), hence their L-functions are motivic.
Several conjectures exist concerning motivic L-functions. It is believed that motivic L-functions should all arise as automorphic L-functions, and hence should be part of the Selberg class. There are also conjectures concerning the values of these L-functions at integers generalizing those known for the Riemann zeta function, such as Deligne's conjecture on special values of L-functions, the Beilinson conjecture, and the Bloch–Kato conjecture (on special values of L-functions).
- Another common normalization of the L-functions consists in shifting the one used here so that the functional equation relates a value at s with one at w + 1 − s, where w is the weight of the motive.
- Langlands 1980
- Deligne, Pierre (1979), "Valeurs de fonctions L et périodes d'intégrales", in Borel, Armand; Casselman, William, Automorphic Forms, Representations, and L-Functions, Proceedings of the Symposium in Pure Mathematics (in French) 33.2, Providence, RI: AMS, pp. 313–346, ISBN 0-8218-1437-0, MR 0546622, Zbl 0449.10022
- Langlands, Robert P. (1980), "L-functions and automorphic representations", Proceedings of the International Congress of Mathematicians (Helsinki, 1978) 1, Helsinki: Academia Scientiarum Fennica, pp. 165–175, MR 0562605 alternate URL
- Scholl, Anthony (1990), "Motives for modular forms", Inventiones Mathematicae 100 (2): 419–430, doi:10.1007/BF01231194, MR 1047142
- Serre, Jean-Pierre (1970), "Facteurs locaux des fonctions zêta des variétés algébriques (définitions et conjectures)", Séminaire Delange-Pisot-Poitou 11 (2 (1969–1970) exp. 19): 1–15