Mötley Crüe

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Mötley Crüe
Crue CIMG4784.JPG
Mötley Crüe in 2008, from left to right: Nikki Sixx, Tommy Lee, Mick Mars, Vince Neil
Background information
Origin Los Angeles, California
Genres Heavy metal, glam metal, hard rock
Years active 1981 (1981)–present
Labels Mötley, Eleven Seven Music, Elektra, Leathür, Warner Music Group, Roadrunner
Associated acts 58, Brides of Destruction, London, Methods of Mayhem, Rock Star Supernova, Sixx:A.M.
Website motley.com
Members Nikki Sixx
Tommy Lee
Mick Mars
Vince Neil
Past members John Corabi
Randy Castillo
Samantha Maloney

Mötley Crüe is an American heavy metal band formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1981.[1][2][3] The group was founded by bass guitarist Nikki Sixx and drummer Tommy Lee, who were later joined by lead guitarist Mick Mars and lead singer Vince Neil. Mötley Crüe has been described through the years as one of the world's best-selling groups of all time, having sold more than 75 million records,[4] including 50 million in the U.S.[5]

The members of the band have often been noted for their hedonistic lifestyles and the persona they maintained. Various original members have had numerous brushes with the law, spent time in prison, suffered from alcoholism, suffered from long addictions to drugs such as cocaine and heroin, had countless escapades with women and are heavily tattooed. The band is considered as a part of the first wave of glam metal.[6] Their ninth and most recent studio album, Saints of Los Angeles, was released on June 24, 2008, and was certified Gold in January 2012. The band is currently embarking on a final tour[7] that will continue through 2015 before retiring.[8]


Band history[edit]

Early years (1981–1983)[edit]

Mötley Crüe was formed in 1981, when bass guitarist Nikki Sixx left the band London and began rehearsing with drummer Tommy Lee and vocalist/guitarist Greg Leon.[9] Lee had worked previously with Leon in a band called Suite 19[10] and the trio practiced together for some time with Leon eventually deciding not to continue. Sixx and Lee then began a search for new members and soon met guitarist Bob Deal, better known as Mick Mars. Mars was quickly auditioned and subsequently hired. Although a lead vocalist named O'Dean was auditioned,[11][12] Lee had known Vince Neil from their high school days at Charter Oak High School in Covina, California and the two had performed in different bands on the garage band circuit. On seeing Neil perform with the band Rockandi at the Starwood in Hollywood, California, Mars suggested they have him join the band by stating, "I don't care if he can sing. I don't care if he can do anything. The way he had that crowd going...THAT'S the guy we need." At first Neil refused the offer, but as the other members of Rockandi became involved in outside projects, Neil grew anxious to try something else. When Lee made one final appeal to audition, Neil accepted and was hired April 1, 1981. The newly formed band did not yet have a name. Sixx had said that he told the other bandmates that he was "thinking about calling the band Christmas." The other members were not very receptive to the idea. Then while trying to find a suitable name, Mars remembered an incident which occurred when he was playing with a band called White Horse, when one of the other band members called the group "a motley looking crew." He had remembered the phrase and later copied it down as Mottley Cru. After modifying the spelling slightly, "Mötley Crüe" was eventually selected as the band's name, with the stylistic decision suggested by Neil to add the two sets of metal umlauts supposedly inspired by the German beer Löwenbräu, which the members were drinking at the time.

"Listening to Queen inspired Mötley Crüe to work with Roy Thomas Baker on Too Fast for Love. He would come in, 'Hello Darlings ..' and listen for maybe thirty minutes or so and leave. And we're like, 'What?! Where's he going?'. But he produced Queen, so, man, we had to have him produce us, too"

 —Tommy Lee[13]

The band soon met their first manager, Allan Coffman, the thirty-eight-year-old brother-in-law of a friend of Mars's driver.[14] The band's first release was the single "Stick to Your Guns/Toast of the Town", which was released on their own record label, Leathür Records, which had a pressing and distribution deal with Greenworld Distribution in Torrance, California. In November 1981, their debut album Too Fast for Love was self-produced and released on Leathür, selling 20,000 copies. Coffman's assistant Eric Greif set up a tour of Canada,[15] while Coffman and Greif used Mötley Crüe's success in the Los Angeles club scene to negotiate with several record labels, eventually signing a recording contract with Elektra Records in late spring 1982. The debut album was then re-mixed by producer Roy Thomas Baker and re-released on August 20, 1982, two months after its Canadian Warner Music Group release using the original Leathür mixes, to coincide with the tour.

During the "Crüesing Through Canada Tour '82," there were several widely publicized incidents. First, the band was arrested and then released at Edmonton International Airport for wearing their spiked stage wardrobe (considered "dangerous weapons") through Customs and for Neil arriving with a small carry-on filled with porn magazines (considered "indecent material"); both were staged PR stunts. Customs eventually had the confiscated items destroyed. Second, while playing Scandals Disco in Edmonton, a spurious "bomb threat" against the band made the front page of the Edmonton Journal[16] on June 9, 1982; assistant band manager Greif and Lee were interviewed by police as a result. This too ended up being a staged PR stunt perpetrated by Greif. Lastly, Lee threw a television set from the upper story window of the Sheraton Caravan Hotel. Canadian rock magazine Music Express noted that the band were "banned for life" from the city. Despite the tour ending prematurely in financial disaster, it was the basis for the band's first international press.[17] In 1983, the band changed management from Coffman to Doug Thaler and Doc McGhee. McGhee is best known for managing Bon Jovi and later KISS, starting with their reunion tour in 1996. Greif subsequently sued all parties in a Los Angeles Superior Court action that dragged on for several years, and coincidentally later re-surfaced as manager of Sixx's former band, London. Coffman himself was sued by several investors to whom he had sold "stock in the band", including Michigan-based Bill Larson. Coffman eventually declared bankruptcy, as he had mortgaged his home at least three times to cover band expenses.

Rise to international fame (1984–1991)[edit]

Vince Neil1.jpg Tommy Lee.jpg Nikki Sixx.jpg Mick Mars - Erie, PA.jpg
Vince Neil Tommy Lee Nikki Sixx Mick Mars

After playing the US Festival, and with the aid of the new medium of MTV, the band found rapid success in the United States. The band members were as well known for their backstage antics, outrageous clothing, extreme high-heeled boots, heavily applied make-up, and seemingly endless abuse of alcohol and drugs. As for their recordings, their mixture of heavy metal and glam rock stylings produced several best-selling albums during the 1980s, including Shout at the Devil (1983), Theatre of Pain (1985), and Girls, Girls, Girls (1987), which showcased their love of motorcycles, whiskey and strip clubs, and which told tales of substance abuse, sexual escapades, and general decadence.

The band members have also had their share of scrapes with the law and life. In 1984, Neil was driving home from a liquor store in his De Tomaso Pantera when he was in a head-on collision; his passenger, Hanoi Rocks drummer Nicholas "Razzle" Dingley, was killed. Neil, charged with a DUI and vehicular manslaughter, was sentenced to 30 days in jail (though he only served 18 days) and received a $2,000,000 fine, a large sum for 1985. The short jail term was pleaded for by his lawyers enabling Neil to be able to tour and pay the fine. The album Theatre of Pain (1985) was dedicated in Dingley's honor. The band would also later release two box sets titled "Music to Crash Your Car To".

On December 23, 1987, Sixx suffered a heroin overdose. He was declared legally dead on the way to the hospital, but the medic, who was a Crüe fan, revived Sixx by giving him two shots of adrenaline to his heart, bringing him back to life.[citation needed] His two minutes in death were the inspiration for the song "Kickstart My Heart", which peaked at No. 16 on the Mainstream U.S. chart, and which was featured on the 1989 album Dr. Feelgood. From 1986 to 1987, Sixx kept a daily diary of his heroin addiction and eventually entered rehab in January 1988. In 2006, Sixx published his diaries as a best selling novel: The Heroin Diaries: A Year in the Life of a Shattered Rock Star, and in 2007 Sixx's side project band Sixx:A.M. released The Heroin Diaries Soundtrack as a musical parallel to the novel.

In 1988 McGhee was convicted for smuggling 40,000 pounds of marijuana, and as punishment he had to organize an anti-drug campaign.[18] In addition, another controversy that hit the band in 1988 was a lawsuit by Matthew Trippe. Trippe claimed that Nikki Sixx was hospitalised in 1983 after a car crash involving drugs and that he had been hired as Nikki's doppelgänger. The suit was regarding the loss of royalties from his time in Mötley Crüe and the case was not closed until 1993 when Trippe dropped his charges and disappeared from public view.[18]

Their decadent lifestyles almost shattered the band until managers Thaler and McGhee pulled an intervention and refused to allow the band to tour in Europe, fearing that "some [of them] would come back in bodybags". Shortly after, all the band members except for Mars underwent drug rehabilitation; Mars cleaned up on his own.

After finding sobriety in 1989, Mötley Crüe reached its peak popularity with the release of their fifth album, the Bob Rock produced Dr. Feelgood, on September 1, 1989. On October 14 of that year, it became a No. 1 album and stayed on the charts for 109 weeks after its release. The band members each stated in interviews that, due in no small part to their collective push for sobriety, Dr. Feelgood was their most solid album musically to that point,[citation needed] and indeed, it was their best selling album to date. The title track and "Kickstart My Heart" were both nominated for Grammys in the Best Hard Rock Category.[19] The band did find some success at the American Music Awards, as Dr. Feelgood was nominated twice for Favorite Hard Rock/Metal Award, losing once to Guns N' Roses' Appetite for Destruction, but winning the following year, beating out Aerosmith's Pump and Poison's Flesh & Blood. Mötley Crüe was also nominated twice for Favorite Hard Rock/Metal Artist.[20]

In 1989, McGhee was fired after the band alleged he had broken several promises that he made in relation to the Moscow Music Peace Festival, including giving his other band, Bon Jovi, advantages in terms of slot placement. Doug Thaler then assumed the role of sole band manager.

On October 1, 1991, the band's first compilation album, Decade of Decadence, was released. It peaked at No. 2 on the Billboard 200 album chart. It was reportedly designed as "just something for the fans" while the band worked on the next "all new" album.

Years of turmoil (1992–2003)[edit]

After Decade of Decadence was released, Neil left the band in February 1992, at a time when other bands in the 1980s glam metal scene (Ratt, Stryper, White Lion, Winger, Europe & Britny Fox) also broke up because of the rise in popularity of grunge. A controversy exists to this day over whether Neil was fired or quit. Sixx has long maintained that Neil quit the band. However, Neil disputes this and insists that he was fired. Neil was replaced by John Corabi (formerly of Angora and The Scream). Mötley Crüe's commercial success waned throughout the 1990s, although their self-titled March 1994 release made the Billboard top ten (#7). Thaler would manage the band alone until 1994, at which time the band conducted a mass firing when their album, Mötley Crüe, failed to meet commercial expectations. John Corabi suggested that the band work with Neil again as he believed he would always be seen as the voice of the band, which eventually resulted in his own firing in 1996.[citation needed]

The band reunited with Neil in 1997,[21] after their current manager, Allen Kovac, and Neil's manager, Bert Stein, set up a meeting between Neil, Lee, and Sixx. Agreeing to "leave their egos at the door," the band released Generation Swine. Although it debuted at No. 4, and in spite of a live performance at the American Music Awards, the album was a commercial failure, due in part to the band's label's lack of support.[citation needed] The band soon left Elektra and created their own label, Mötley Records.

In 1998, Mötley Crüe's contractual ties with Elektra Records had expired, putting the band in total control of their future. This included the ownership of the masters of all of their albums. In announcing the end of their relationship with Elektra Records, the band became one of the few groups in history to own and control their publishing and catalogue of recorded masters. In 1999, the band re-released all their albums, dubbed as "Crücial Crüe". The limited-edition digital re-masters included demos, live, instrumental, and previously unreleased tracks. Mötley Crüe released their compilation album Greatest Hits in late 1998, which had two new songs Bitter Pill and Enslaved and served as an updated version of their first compilation, Decade of Decadence.

In 1999, Lee quit the band to pursue a solo career due to increasing tensions with frontman Neil. He was replaced by Randy Castillo, who drummed on several Ozzy Osbourne albums. Castillo died of cancer on March 26, 2002. Former Hole drummer Samantha Maloney, who also filled in for Castillo at some previous shows, was hired as his replacement until 2004 when the original band got back together. In 2000 Mötley Crüe released New Tattoo which featured Randy Castillo on drums. The album charted at No. 41 and sold fewer than 200,000 copies.

Within the following six years, Sixx played in the bands 58 and Brides of Destruction, while Lee formed Methods of Mayhem and performed as a solo artist. Neil continued touring on an annual basis as a solo artist, singing mostly Mötley Crüe songs. Mars, who suffers from a rare hereditary form of arthritis called ankylosing spondylitis,[22] went into seclusion in 2001.

A 2001 autobiography entitled The Dirt packaged the band as "the world's most notorious rock band." The book made the top ten on The New York Times Best Seller list and spent ten weeks there.

Reunion and renewed success (2004–2007)[edit]

Nikki Sixx and Mick Mars performing onstage with Mötley Crüe, on June 14, 2005 in Glasgow, Scotland

A promoter in England, Mags Revell, began clamoring for a Mötley Crüe reunion, ostensibly presenting himself as the voice of anxious fans waiting for more from the band. After meeting with management several times, in September 2004, Sixx announced that he and Neil had returned to the studio and had begun recording new material. In December 2004, the four original members announced a reunion/final tour which began February 14, 2005, in San Juan, Puerto Rico. The resulting compilation album, Red, White & Crüe, was released in February 2005. It features the band members' favorite original songs plus three new tracks, "If I Die Tomorrow", "Sick Love Song" (co-written by Sixx and James Michael), and a cover of The Rolling Stones' classic "Street Fighting Man". A small controversy was caused when it was suggested that neither Lee nor Mars played on the new tracks (duties were supposedly handled by Vandals drummer Josh Freese). However, a VH1 documentary of the band's reunion later showed that Lee did indeed play on some of the tracks. The Japanese release of Red, White & Crüe includes an extra new track titled "I'm a Liar (and That's the Truth)". Red, White & Crüe charted at No. 6 and has since gone platinum.

In 2005, Mötley Crüe was involved in an animation-comedy spoof Disaster!,[23] which was written by Paul Benson and Matt Sullivan and which was used as the introduction film to concerts on their Carnival of Sins tour.

In 2006, Mötley Crüe went on the Route of All Evil Tour, co-headlining with Aerosmith and taking performers from Lucent Dossier Experience on the road with them. This was another well-attended tour following the Carnival of Sins tour of 2005. In June 2007, Mötley Crüe set out on a small European tour. A lawsuit was filed by Neil, Mars and Sixx against Carl Stubner, Lee's manager. The three sued him for contracting for Lee to appear on two unsuccessful reality shows the band claim hurt its image.[citation needed] It was later reported on Motley.com that the lawsuit had been settled.

Saints of Los Angeles (2008–2010)[edit]

On June 11, 2008, the band and manager Burt Stein filed suit against each other. Stein was Vince Neil's personal manager and also, according to the band and rival manager Allen Kovac, served as the band's manager at one time. The band and Kovac sued in Los Angeles County Superior Court, claiming Stein was not entitled to a cut of Mötley Crüe's earnings. Stein sued the same day in Nashville's federal court, saying he was entitled to 1.875 percent of what the band makes.[24] Other litigation between the parties also ensued in Nevada. In July 2009, lawyers for both sides announced that the disputes had been "amicably resolved" through a "global settlement".[25]

Mötley Crüe's ninth studio album, titled Saints of Los Angeles, was released in Japan on June 17, 2008 and in America on June 24, 2008. The album was originally titled The Dirt, as it was loosely based on the band's autobiography of the same name, but the title was later changed. In the US, the album was released by Eleven Seven Music. Eleven Seven also took over US distribution of their back catalog.

In the summer of 2008, Mötley Crüe headlined the popular 'Crüe Fest' music festival, which included opening acts Buckcherry, Papa Roach, Trapt, and Nikki Sixx's successful side project, Sixx:A.M.

Mötley Crüe had announced that the movie The Dirt, based on the book written by Mötley Crüe and Neil Strauss, could be released in 2009. However, as of September 2009, the Internet Movie Database (IMDb) lists 2011 as the probable release date. This is still subject to change, particularly because the "status" of the movie was listed as "unknown" in April 2009 (the date of IMDb's last update to "The Dirt").[26] It was reported on November 1, 2013 that director Jeff Tremaine will be directing the movie.[27]

Mötley Crüe play in Erie, PA March 7, 2009

iTunes picked "Saints of Los Angeles" in their "Best of 2008" in the Rock category as the number one song; the song was also nominated for a Grammy Award in the "Best Hard Rock Performance" category. The song was released in the music game series Rock Band as downloadable content the day the single was released. Additionally, the entire Dr. Feelgood album was released as downloadable content in Rock Band, excluding "T.n.T. (Terror 'n Tinseltown)".

The band played at the Download Festival in Donington Park (June 12–14, 2009), playing on the second stage on Friday night.

The band made a guest appearance in the season finale of "Bones" on May 14, 2009 entitled "The End in the Beginning", performing the classic song "Dr. Feelgood".

Mötley Crüe headlined Crüe Fest 2 festival, which ran from July to September 2009. Supporting them were Godsmack, Theory of a Deadman, Drowning Pool, and Charm City Devils. In addition to performing a set featuring material from Saints of Los Angeles, the band also celebrated the 20th anniversary of Dr. Feelgood by performing the album in its entirety on each night of the tour and re-releasing the album as a special 20th anniversary deluxe edition.[28]

Mötley Crüe headlined Ozzfest in 2010, along with Ozzy Osbourne and Rob Halford.

Recent events, The Final Tour and retirement (2011–present)[edit]

Mötley Crüe co-headlined a summer tour with Poison and special guests New York Dolls in 2011 for Mötley Crüe's 30th Anniversary and Poison's 25th anniversary.[29]

On August 30, 2011, Mötley Crüe, along with co-headliners Def Leppard and special guests Steel Panther, announced a UK Tour commencing in December 2011.[30]

In March 2012, Mötley Crüe announced a tour co-headlining with Kiss. The tour kicked off July 20 in Bristow, Virginia and ran through September 23.[31]

In spring 2012, the band announced they were recording a new song that was going to be called "Sex".[32] This track was officially released July 16, 2012, on their website.[33]

In February 2013, Mötley Crüe announced their biggest ever Canadian tour, with more US dates expected to be announced soon after The Tour with Kiss ran through Australia in March.

In March 2013, Sixx announced that the band plans to break up for good after their next album and a subsequent final tour.[34] Sixx has often expressed a desire for the band to end while they are still at what he feels is a high point in their career.[34][35][36] Vince Neil speculated that the band would release new music in 2014 and that the final tour would commence in either 2014 or 2015, saying that "Tours last about two years. So to finish the world, you’ve got to do the U.S., Canada, Europe, Asia...it takes some time."[37] Neil has also discussed the possibility of the band reuniting in the future, although Sixx has insisted that the band will never return following the tour.[34] Both Neil and Tommy Lee have speculated that the band's final tour is in part due to Mick Mars' health issues stemming from his ankylosing spondylitis, although Mars has since denied those claims, which have since also been refuted by Neil.[38]

On January 28, 2014 at the conference inside Beacher's Madhouse Theater in Hollywood, Mötley Crüe announced the full details of their retirement tour spanning 70 dates with Alice Cooper playing as a special guest. The tour is set to commence in Grand Rapids, Michigan on July 2, 2014. The band members have signed a "cessation of touring agreement" which will prevent them from touring under the Mötley Crüe name beyond the end of 2015. The tour will also serve to promote an upcoming country-music album paying tribute to the band, due for release in summer 2014, and their movie "The Dirt", due for release in 2015. However, the band did not release details on new material at the time.[39][40]

In a later interview, Sixx talked about the possibility of releasing new music, saying that "We have music written, [but] it's not put together yet". He also speculated that the band would release it in a song-by-song format as opposed to a full-length album format, elaborating with "It's hard, to be honest with you, to spend six [or] nine months to write eleven songs — all those lyrics… everything… the vocals, the guitars, the bass, the sonics, the mixing, the mastering, the artwork… You put it out and nothing [happens], because now people cherry-pick songs. So we go, 'Why don't we write songs and find vehicles to get one, two or four songs to ten million people rather than eleven songs to a hundred thousand people."[41]

On July 2, the band started their final tour at the Van Andel Arena, in Grand Rapids, Michigan. The tour started off with a drum solo by Producer Joe.[42]

Legacy and influence[edit]

Mötley Crüe has been featured on a number of VH1 countdown shows, "Dr. Feelgood" was ranked the No. 7 Greatest Air Guitar Song, "Live Wire" was ranked the No. 17 Greatest Metal Song Of All Time, and "Home Sweet Home" was ranked the No. 12 Greatest Power Ballad Of All Time.[43] Mötley Crüe was featured several times on VH1's 100 Most Metal Moments, the highest spot being No. 3. VH1 included the Tommy Lee sex tapes, The Dirt, and Ozzy Osbourne's and Nikki Sixx's pee incident. Mötley Crüe has been one of the bands featured on VH1's Behind the Music. The band was ranked No. 29 on VH1's list of the greatest hard rock bands.

Mötley Crüe was ranked tenth on MTV's list "Top 10 Heavy Metal Bands of All-Time" and ninth on "VH1's All Time Top Ten Metal Bands".[44] Mötley Crüe has influenced many bands and artists of all the world such as Slipknot, Steel Panther, Buckcherry, Papa Roach, Hinder, Pink Cream 69, Poison, Skid Row, Static-X, The 69 Eyes, Children of Bodom, Bang Tango, White Zombie, Marilyn Manson, Backyard Babies, System of a Down, L.A. Guns, Trapt, Faster Pussycat, Black Veil Brides, Guns N' Roses and Supergroupies among others.[45]

The video game Crüe Ball features some of Mötley Crüe's songs including their biggest hit "Dr. Feelgood".

Members[edit]

Discography[edit]

Studio albums

Concert tours[edit]

Awards and nominations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Handelman, David (13 August 1987). "All In the Name of Rock and Roll: On the Road with Mötley Crüe". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 7 December 2013. 
  2. ^ Leahey, Andrew. "Mötley Crüe Biography". AllMusic. All Media Guide (Rovi). Retrieved 2014-04-16. 
  3. ^ D. Kennedy, Gerrick (January 28, 2014). "Motley Crue calls it quits, announces 'final' tour". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Company. Retrieved 2014-04-16. 
  4. ^ {{http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M%C3%B6tley_Cr%C3%BCe_discography%7Ctitle=1980s-era rockers Motley Crue close out final night of Rock Fest|first=Chris|last=Vetter|publisher=Eau Claire Leader-Telegram|date=2013-07-22|accessdate=2014-05-09}}
  5. ^ "Motley Crue to Commemorate Vinyl Reissue With Limited Edition Leather Box Set, "Journals of the Damned"". Reuters. November 20, 2008. 
  6. ^ "Pop-Metal". AllMusic. Retrieved May 13, 2014. 
  7. ^ Mötley Crüe’s Final Tour
  8. ^ "Nikki Sixx Officially Announces The End Of Motley Crue". Ultimate Guitar. 
  9. ^ "Chronological Crüe". Members.ozemail.com.au. Retrieved 2010-10-15. 
  10. ^ "Greg Leon interview". Sleaze Roxx. March 25, 2007. Retrieved 2010-10-15. 
  11. ^ Mötley Crüe; Strauss, Neil (2007). The Dirt: Confessions du groupe de Rock le plus sulfureux au monde [The Dirt: Confessions of the World's Most Notorious Rock Band] (in French). Translated by Yves Balandret. Camion Blanc. pp. 84–85. ISBN 2-910196-53-4. 
  12. ^ Rizzi, Cesare (2000). Enciclopedia della musica rock. 3. 1981–1989, Volume 3 (in Italian). Giunti Editore Firenze Italy. p. 380. ISBN 88-09-01796-X. 
  13. ^ Phil Sutcliffe, Peter Hince, Reinhold Mack. "Queen: The Ultimate Illustrated History of the Crown Kings of Rock". p.27. Voyageur Press, 2009
  14. ^ "Chronological Crue". Members.ozemail.com.au. Retrieved 2010-10-15. 
  15. ^ 1982, Chronological Crue . Retrieved October 2, 2009.
  16. ^ "Edmonton Journal Library". Canada.com. Retrieved 2010-10-15. 
  17. ^ "Eric Greif Interview". Sleaze Roxx. April 28, 2007. Retrieved 2010-10-15. 
  18. ^ a b "Matthew Trippe - May 1988 - Klassic Kerrang Interviews". Klassickerranginterviews.weebly.com. December 10, 1993. Retrieved 2012-02-23. 
  19. ^ "Grammy Awards: Best Hard Rock Performance". Rock on the Net. Retrieved 2010-06-09. 
  20. ^ "American Music Awards: Favorite Heavy Metal / Hard Rock Artist". Rock on the Net. Retrieved 2010-06-09. 
  21. ^ Konow, David (2009). Bang Your Head: The Rise and Fall of Heavy Metal. Random House Digital, Inc. p. 346. ISBN 9780307565600. 
  22. ^ Lee, Tommy; Strauss, Neil; Vince Neil, Mick Mars, Nikki Sixx (2002) [2001]. The Dirt: Confessions of the World's Most Notorious Rock Band (reprint, illustrated ed.). HarperCollins. p. 448. ISBN 0-06-098915-7. OCLC 212381899. Retrieved December 18, 2011. 
  23. ^ Weinberg, Scott (March 9, 2005). "Rotten Tomatoes". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2010-10-15. 
  24. ^ Wood, E. Thomas (June 13, 2008). "Crue sued: Manager fires back in Motley feud". NashvillePost.com Retrieved on 2008-06-13. 
  25. ^ Wood, E. Thomas (July 27, 2009). "Nashville at law: Rival managers bury the heavy metal hatchet". NashvillePost.com Retrieved on 2009-07-27. 
  26. ^ The Dirt at the Internet Movie Database
  27. ^ 'Bad Grandpa' director takes on story of Motley Crue next
  28. ^ "news.news". Motley.com. March 16, 2009. Retrieved 2010-06-09. 
  29. ^ "Mötley Crüe and Poison to Co-Headline Tour". 2011. 
  30. ^ "Announcing Mötley UK Tour with Def Leppard and Steel Panther". August 30, 2011. 
  31. ^ "Kiss And Mötley Crüe Announce The Tour". 
  32. ^ Quellette, Mary (February 26, 2012). "Motley Crue Working On New Song". Loudwire.net. 
  33. ^ "Mötley Crüe website". 
  34. ^ a b c "Nikki Sixx: Motley Crue Will Call It Quits After New Album, Film, Soundtrack + final Tour". 
  35. ^ "Rolling Stone Mobile - News - Music: Nikki Sixx: Vegas Residency Is Start of Biggest Years Of Crue's Career". M.rollingstone.com. December 21, 2011. Retrieved 2012-02-23. 
  36. ^ "Nikki Sixx Talks Motley Crue's Eventual Farewell: We Want to Go Out on Top". 
  37. ^ "Vince Neil: ‘It’s Time’ for Motley Crue to Say Goodbye". 
  38. ^ "Vince Neil Clarifies Motley Crue's Reason For Retiring". antimusic. 2013-11-16. Retrieved 2013-11-18. 
  39. ^ Mötley Crüe Announce Retirement, Final Tour with Alice Cooper Rockcellarmagazine.com (2014-01-28). Retrieved on 2014-04-11.
  40. ^ Michaels, Sean (29 January 2014). "Motley Crüe sign pact which assures no more reunions". The Guardian. 
  41. ^ "NIKKI SIXX Says MÖTLEY CRÜE Will Release New Music 'One, Two Or Four Songs' At A Time". Blabbermouth.net. 
  42. ^ "Motley Crue Kicking Off The Final Tour on July 2 in Grand Rapids at Van Andel Arena!". wgrd.com. 
  43. ^ "Vh1's The Greatest: 25 greatest power ballads". Retrieved 2008-12-03. 
  44. ^ "MTVNews.com: The Greatest Metal Bands Of All Time". Mtv.com. March 9, 2006. Retrieved 2010-06-09. 
  45. ^ "All Music: Motley Crue". Allmusic.com. January 12, 2012. Retrieved 2012-01-12. 
  46. ^ a b "Mötley Crüe With Sevendust's Morgan Rose: First Video Footage Posted Online". Blabbermouth.net. Roadrunner Records. August 16, 2009. Retrieved 2014-04-16. 
  47. ^ "Mötley Crüe Recruits Street Drum Corps' Frank Zummo For Next Three Shows". Blabbermouth.net. Roadrunner Records. August 21, 2009. Retrieved 2014-04-16. 

External links[edit]