Motoo Hayashi (林 幹雄 Hayashi Motoo?, born January 3, 1947) is a Japanese politician of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), Yamasaki Faction, and a member of the House of Representatives in the Diet (national legislature).
A native of Katori District, Chiba, Hayashi graduated the Nihon University's College of Arts in 1970. Hayashi began his political career as a secretary to his late father, Taikan Hayashi, who served as chief of the former Environment Agency in the early 1990s.
Motoo Hayashi was elected to the assembly of Chiba Prefecture for the first time in 1983 and served for three times. He was elected to the House of Representatives for the first time in 1993. An expert on issues related to Narita International Airport, he was appointed Senior Vice-Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport (Koizumi Cabinet) in 2003. He has pledged to improve Japan's transport network. 
On August 1, 2008 Prime Minister Yasuo Fukuda appointed him to the cabinet position of National Public Chairman, State Minister in Charge of Okinawa and Affairs Related to the Northern Territories.
Hayashi is currently serving in his fifth term in the Lower House representing Chiba's Tenth District and is a member of Yasuo Fukuda's cabinet.
Hayashi also served as Chairman of the Committee on Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism of Diet, Minister of State, Chairman of National Public Safety Commission (Aso Cabinet), and Acting Chairman, Election Strategy Committee.
- Nippon Kaigi Diet discussion group (日本会議国会議員懇談会 - Nippon kaigi kokkai giin kondankai)
- Conference of parlementarians on the Shinto Association of Spiritual Leadership (神道政治連盟国会議員懇談会 - Shinto Seiji Renmei Kokkai Giin Kondankai) - NB: SAS a.k.a. Sinseiren, Shinto Political League
Hayashi gave the following answers to the questionnaires submitted by Mainichi to parlementarians:
- in 2012:
- in favor of the revision of the Constitution
- in favor of the right of collective self-defense (revision of Article 9)
- in favor of the reform of the National assembly (unicameral instead of bicameral)
- in favor of reactivating nuclear power plants
- against the goal of zero nuclear power by 2030s
- in favor of the relocation of Marine Corps Air Station Futenma (Okinawa)
- in favor of evaluating the purchase of Senkaku Islands by the Government
- in favor of an effort to avoid conflict with China
- against the participation of Japan to the Trans-Pacific Partnership
- against a nuclear-armed Japan
- against the reform of the Imperial Household that would allow women to retain their Imperial status even after marriage
- in 2014:
- in favor of the revision of the Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution
- in favor of the right of collective self-defense
- in favor of nuclear plants
- no problem for visits of a Prime Minister to the controversial Yasukuni Shrine
- no answer regarding the revision of the Murayama Statement
- no answer regarding the revision of the Kono Statement
- no answer regarding laws preventing hate speech
- no answer regarding question whether Marine Corps Air Station Futenma is a burden for Okinawa
- in favor of the Special Secrecy Law
- in favor of teaching 'morality' in school
- Japan Times, "Fukuda's new lineup", August 3, 2008.
- Hayashi Motoo profile on LDP website: jimin.jp/english/profile/members/114638.html (retrieved Dec 17, 2014)
- Nippon Kaigi website
- Mainichi 2012: senkyo.mainichi.jp/46shu/kaihyo_area_meikan.html?mid=A12010001001
- Mainichi 2014: senkyo.mainichi.jp/47shu/meikan.html?mid=A12010003003
- Official website in Japanese.