Motor Vehicles Act, 1988

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 is an Act of the Parliament of India which regulates all aspects of road transport vehicles. The Act came into force from 1 July 1989. It replaced Motor Vehicles Act, 1939 which earlier replaced the first such enactment Motor Vehicles Act, 1914.[1] The Act provides in detail the legislative provisions regarding licensing of drivers/conductors, registration of motor vehicles, control of motor vehicles through permits, special provisions relating to state transport undertakings, traffic regulation, insurance, liability, offences and penalties, etc. For exercising the legislative provisions of the Act, the Government of India made the Central Motor Vehicles Rules 1989.[2]


Some of the definitions from the act are given below:

  • motor vehicle: Any mechanically propelled vehicle adapted for use upon roads whether the power of propulsion is transmitted thereto from an external or internal source

Important sections[edit]

  • Section 112: It prescribes the maximum speed at which each class or type of motor vehicle can be driven.
  • Section 113: The driver should not drive a vehicle exceeding the weight permitted to carry.
  • Section 129: A person driving a motor cycle shall wear helmet.
  • Section 134:: Duty of driver in case of accident and injury to a person including securing medical attention for the injured person and reporting to a police officer or at nearest police station within 24 hours.
  • Section 185: Driving by a drunken person or by a person under the influence of drugs is prohibited.


  1. ^ "Introduction". The Motor Vehicles Act, 1988. Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  2. ^ "Central Motor Vehicles Rules 1989". Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, Government of India. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 

External links[edit]