Motorway 1 (Greece)

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A1 motorway shield

A1 motorway
Αυτοκινητόδρομος 1
Route information
Part of E75
Length: 550 km (340 mi)
Major junctions
North end: Evzonoi
South end: Athens
Location
Regions: Central Macedonia, Thessaly, Central Greece, Attica
Major cities: Thessaloniki, Katerini, Larisa, Lamia, Athens
Highway system
Motorways in Greece

The Greek Motorway 1 (Greek: Αυτοκινητόδρομος 1, code: A1) is a motorway in Greece. Partly under construction, it is the 2nd longest motorway in Greece. It is the principal north-south road connection in Greece, connecting the country's capital Athens with the regions of Thessaly and Macedonia, as well as the country's second largest city, Thessaloniki.

The motorway begins at Kifissou Avenue, Athens, just north of the Bay of Phaliro, and continues northward to Evzonoi, on the border with the country's northern neighbour, the Republic of Macedonia, where it continues as the M1. Before the European routes numbers were changed, the northern part from Efzoni to EO2 was E5N while today, the entire road is part of European route E75. The task of maintaining and charging for parts of the motorway has recently been ceded to private consortia, originally as part of the deal for the construction of the Ionia Odos. Each of them currently enforces a different tolling policy. From Athens to Maliakos Bay drivers pay twice northbound and once southbound, while on the part from northern Maliakos bay up to the intersection with A2/E90 in northern Greece (that part is named Aegean Motorway), drivers pay four times on both directions.

The part west of downtown Athens runs over the Cephisus river and Kifissou Avenue. From north of the boundary of Voiotia - Phthiotis, up to near Velestino, the tollway runs close to the coast of the Aegean Sea. It then continues north of the Tempe Valley and up to the junction of the European route E90. It then shares a 25 km common part with A2 / E90 (on a west-east direction), and then, at the "Axios Interchange", continues north to Evzoni and the national border with FYROM. Its total length is approximately 550 km.

History[edit]

The motorway used to be entirely a 2-lane highway and ended near Katerini until 1973. The section Athens - Lamia opened in August 1962 as a 14 m width road. The section Lamia - Larissa opened in October 1967 as a 14 m width road. The section Larissa - Katerini opened in September 1959 as a 13 m width road (except the Tempe valley pass opened as 10 m road). The section Katerini - Thessaloniki opened in September 1973 as a 14 m width road. The section Axios junction - Evzoni (border) opened in July 1973. The section Axios junction - Polykastro opened as a 14 m width road, while the section Polykastro - Evzoni (border) opened as a motorway.

When it was extended to Thessaloniki and to the border with FYROM, the motorway had 4-lanes. It was extended during construction in the north in the 1980s and the south in the early and mid 1990s which began near the Afidnes toll. In 1995, Motorway 1 had motorway characteristics in the sections Athens - Thebes and Kleidi - Thessaloniki, while the section Thebes - Kleidi was an undivided 14 m road. In 1998, the motorway had 6-lanes up to north of Thebes, and 4 lanes from Thebes up to the Tempe Valley with a few sections at western Magnesia still having 2 lanes. Since then, the Larissa bypass has been constructed. As of 2005 it complies with all motorway standards for most of its length, except for 78 km around the Maliakos Bay and 25 km through the Tempe Valley, further to the north. Plans are underway to upgrade to motorway status at these parts with bypasses at the Maliakos Gulf part, and new tunnels at the Tempe Valley part. Construction of the Maliakos part is almost complete, with only the Lamia and Stylida bypasses still unfinished. The tunnels at Tempe will be complete by 2015.

The new circular road round Athens now means that traffic can continue to the Peloponnese, linking up with the motoway under construction to the port city of Patras and that of Kalamata.

Exit list[edit]

The exits of the completed sections of the A1 motorway:[1]

Regional unit Exit Name Destinations Notes
Kilkis Evzonoi border crossing (FYROM) M1-MKD.svg M1 northern terminus of the A1
Evzonoi GR-EO-1.svg GR-1
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Polykastro
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - K-24.svg
Thessaloniki Vathylakkos
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - K-24.svg
Agios Athanasios GR-EO-2.svg GR-2
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - K-24.svg
Chalastra north
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - K-24.svg
19 Axios interchange Autokinetodromos A2 number.svg A2
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
18 Nea Malgara
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Road-sign-p35.svg
Imathia 17 Kleidi interchange Autokinetodromos A2 number.svg A2
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Pieria Aiginio
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Nea Agathoupoli
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Makrygialos
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Korinos
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Katerini GR-EO-1.svg GR-1
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Nea Efesos
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Paralia Litochorou
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Litochoro
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Plaka Litochorou
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Leptokarya GR-EO-1.svg GR-1
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Road-sign-p35.svg
Leptokarya - Evangelismos section under construction or planned Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - K-20.svg
Larissa Evangelismos GR-EO-1.svg GR-1
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Road-sign-p35.svg
Larissa 1 GR-EO-1.svg GR-1
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Larissa 2
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Larissa 3 GR-EO-6.svg GR-6
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Larissa 4 interchange Autokinetodromos A4 number.svg A4
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Kileler
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Road-sign-p35.svg
Mega Monastiri
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Magnesia Velestino GR-EO-6.svg GR-6
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Aerino GR-EO-1.svg GR-1
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Mikrothives GR-EO-30.svg GR-30
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Almyros
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Road-sign-p35.svg
Sourpi
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Agioi Theodoroi
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Phthiotis Pelasgia
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Raches GR-EO-1.svg GR-1
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Raches - Agia Marina section under construction or planned Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - K-20.svg
Phthiotis Agia Marina GR-EO-1.svg GR-1
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Road-sign-p35.svg
Agia Paraskevi
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Lamia
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Bralos GR-EO-27.svg GR-27
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Thermopyles
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Molos
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Kainourgio
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Kamena Vourla
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Latomeio
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Agios Konstantinos
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Longos
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Arkitsa
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Livanates
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Atalanti
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Tragana
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Road-sign-p35.svg
Malesina
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Martino
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Boeotia Kastro GR-EO-48.svg GR-48
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Akraifnio
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Thebes barracks
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Thebes GR-EO-43.svg GR-43
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Ritsona GR-EO-44.svg GR-44
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Schimatari GR-EO-45.svg GR-45
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Chalcis interchange Autokinetodromos A11 number.svg A11
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Oinoi
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
East Attica Oinofyta
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Malakasa GR-EO-79.svg GR-79
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Markopoulo
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Kapandriti GR-EO-81.svg GR-81
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Afidnes
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Road-sign-p35.svg
Agios Stefanos GR-EO-83.svg GR-83
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
North Athens Varympompi
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Kifisia
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Lykovrysi
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Metamorfosi
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Metamorfosi interchange Autokinetodromos A6 number.svg A6
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Central Athens Anagenniseos Street
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Krestenis Street
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Vryoulon Street
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Acharnon Street
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Agioi Anargyroi
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Liosion Street
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Patisia
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Peristeri north
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Konstantinoupoleos Avenue
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Ethnarchou Makariou Street
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Peristeri south GR-EO-8.svg GR-8
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
West Athens Iera Odos
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Petrou Ralli Avenue
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Piraeus Agias Annis Street
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Peiraios Street GR-EO-56.svg GR-56
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Piraeus southern terminus of the A1

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Motorways - Exit Lists, accessed 29 August 2012