D1 motorway (Slovakia)

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D1 Motorway
Diaľnica D1
 in operation    under construction    in planning
Route information
Part of E50E58E75 E571
Length: 271 km (168 mi)
Planned: 517 km (321 mi)
Major junctions
From: Diaľnica D2.svg D2 in Bratislava
 

D4 D4 near Bratislava (planned)
Rýchlostná cesta R1.svg R1 near Trnava

Diaľnica D3.svg D3 near Žilina
To: M06 border with Ukraine (planned)
Location
Regions: Bratislava Region, Trnava Region, Trenčín Region, Žilina Region, Prešov Region, Košice Region
Major cities: Bratislava, Trnava, Trenčín, Žilina, Martin, Poprad, Prešov, Košice
Highway system

D1 is a motorway (Slovak: diaľnica) in Slovakia. Its route is Bratislava (D2/D4) - Trnava (R1) - Trenčín (R2) - Púchov (R6) - Žilina (D3) - Martin (R3) - Poprad - Prešov (R4) - Košice (R4) - Michalovce - SK/UA border.

It forms part of the following European routes: E50, E58, E75, E571 and of the V.A Pan-European corridor (Trieste) - Bratislava - Žilina - Košice - Uzhorod - (Lviv)

As of June 2014, out of the total 517 km there were:

  • 319,619 km in operation (13,82 km as a semi-highway)
  • 86,28 km under construction
  • 109,22 km in planning

With the exceptions of sections in Bratislava a vignette is required to use the motorway

Chronology[edit]

The first plans to connect Prague to Slovakia and Mukachevo in today's Zakarpattia Oblast in Ukraine, which was part of Czechoslovakia at that time, were in the 1930s. The construction of the motorway (freeway) began in the Czech part in the late 1930s, but in the Slovak part nothing was built. After the end of World War II, highway construction was abandoned, due to post-war reconstruction. But in the 1960s, traffic was growing very fast, and a new plan for a D1 highway was available soon, without the part in Zakarpattia Oblast, which became part of the USSR in 1945.

In the Czech part of Czechoslovakia construction work began in 1967. In the Slovak part it began in 1973 by the construction of the part Ivachnová - Liptovský Mikuláš, a 14 km long section in northern Slovakia, along with the construction of the Liptovská Mara dam. In 1972 construction of section from Bratislava to Senec began (it was D61 at that time) and in the 1970s extended to Trnava (total 36 km). The 19 km Prešov - Košice motorway was added in 1980. Until the Dissolution of Czechoslovakia in 1993, another 20 km were built - from L. Mikuláš to Hybe -, totalling some 52 km in the Slovak part, contrasting to 224 km in Czech part. D61 was built to the village of Horná Streda few kilometres behind Piešťany in 1988, with the total length of that section 42 km. Further 45 km were built after 1993 on D1, and another 27 km on D61, until D1 and D61 merged with each other to form the current D1 motorway.

In 1999, Dzurinda's government stopped or slowed down construction on unopened sections - around Sverepec, for example and stopped preparation for various others. Construction continued again since 2002. Construction works continue today, and the planned date for finishing the entire motorway from Bratislava to Košice varies. The most difficult section to construct will be between Žilina and Ružomberok, as there will be most of the tunnels on the entire motorway, including the longest one near Višňové. The motorway has also disputed planned section around Prešov, as there are disagreements over the planned routes.

There are plans to "finish" D1 between Bratislava and Košice in 2015 - with several important exceptions. Žilina and Prešov bypasses will be temporarily substituted by four-lane road through these towns and all tunnels between Žilina and Prešov will be opened only as two-lane tunnels with two-way traffic. Four-lane motorway connecting two largest towns in Slovakia will be finished at the earliest in 2018. .

D1 will be completed around year 2020, as 3+3 lane motorway from Bratislava to Trnava, 2+2 lane motorway from Trnava to Michalovce and 1+1 lane highway from Michalovce to Slovakia/Ukraine border.

D1 in Bratislava-Petržalka
junction Trnava with R1
D1 motorway nearby Siladice village
junction Beluša
D1 near Sverepec

Sections of the motorway[edit]

As of May 2010, these sections were open:

Motorway section Length Opening
Bratislava/D2 - Bratislava/Vajnory 12 km 1985
Bratislava/Vajnory - Sverepec 153 km 1972
Sverepec - Vrtižer 10 km 2010
Vrtižer - Hričovské Podhradie 13 km 2006
Ivachnová - Važec 60 km 1973
Važec - Mengusovce 12 km 2007
Mengusovce - Jánovce 25 km 2008
Jablonov - Studenec (half profile) 5,5 km 2011
Studenec - Beharovce 3,5 km 2010
Beharovce - Fričovce 14 km 2001
Svinia - Prešov/west 7 km 2010
Prešov/south - Budimír 19 km 1982

As of May 2010, these sections were under construction:

Motorway section Length Opening
Jablonov - Studenec 5,5 km 2011

All sections from the west to the east, as of March 2011(including planned sections):

Motorway section Length Status Opening
Bratislava/D2 - Bratislava/Vajnory 12 km open 1985–2005 Bratislava urban freeway
Bratislava/Vajnory - Sverepec 153 km open 1972–2005 Bratislava - Považská Bystrica/south
Sverepec - Vrtižer 10 km open 2010 Považská Bystrica bypass
Vrtižer - Hričovské Podhradie 13 km open 2006–2007 Považská Bystrica/north - Žilina/west
Hričovské Podhradie - Dubná Skala 24 km under construction 2018-2019 Žilina bypass
Dubná Skala - Turany 16 km under construction 2015 [Turany]] - Hubová 16 km planned 2019 [Hubová]] - Ivachnová 13 km under construction 2017 Žilina/east - Ružomberok
Ivachnová - Važec 48 km open 1973–2000 Ružomberok - Vysoké Tatry
Važec - Mengusovce 12 km open 2007 Vysoké Tatry "bypass"
Mengusovce - Poprad-Tatry Airport 8 km open 2009 Vysoké Tatry "bypass"
Poprad-Tatry Airport - Jánovce 18 km open 2008 Poprad bypass
Jánovce - Jablonov 18,5 km under construction 2015 between Poprad and Branisko
Jablonov - Studenec 5,5 km open 2011 (hlaf profile), 2013 between Poprad and Branisko
Studenec - Beharovce 3,5 km open 2010 between Poprad and Branisko
Beharovce - Fričovce 14 km open 2001–2003 Branisko bypass
Fričovce - Svinia 11 km under construction 2015 between Branisko and Prešov
Svinia - Prešov/west 7 km open 2010 between Branisko and Prešov
Prešov/west - Prešov/south 7 km planned 2015 Prešov bypass
Prešov/south - Budimír 19 km open 1982–1988 Prešov - Košice
Budimír - bidovce 13 km planned 2015 Košice bypass
Košické Oľšany - Pozdišovce 40 km planned 2013–2018 Košice - Michalovce
Pozdišovce - border with Ukraine 43 km planned 2020 Michalovce - Ukraine

Bridges and viaducts[edit]

This is a list of bridges and viaducts as seen when moving from Bratislava:

Bridge near Podtureň
  • Ovsište (567 m)
  • Prístavný most (1080 m)
  • Prievoz (1756 m)
  • Horná Streda (772 m)
  • Beckov (336 m)
  • Drietoma (238 m)
  • Súčanka (404 m / 486 m)
  • Újazd (486 m / 490 m)
  • Kočkovský kanál (187 m)
  • Nosický kanál (227 m)
  • Ladce (189 m / 186 m)
  • Pružinka (902 m)
  • Sverepec I (443 m / 480 m)
  • Sverepec II (315 m / 310 m)
  • Kunovec (open July 2010)
  • Galanovec (open July 2010)
  • Matúška (open July 2010)
  • Považská Bystrica (1444 m, open 30 May 2010)
  • Hričovský kanál (1695 m, July 2010)
  • Vrtižer (open July 2010)
  • Plevník-Drienové
  • Predmier (2 lanes)
  • Dolný Hričov (1804 m, planned, open 2012?)
  • Lietavská Lúčka (1091 m, planned, open 2012?)
  • Dubná Skala (planned)
  • Turčianské Kľačany (422 m, planned)
  • Turany (planned)
  • Krpeľany (planned)
  • Kraľovany (planned)
  • Stankovany (planned)
  • Hubová I (planned)
  • Hubová II (planned)
  • Lisková (planned)
  • Podtureň (1038 m)
  • Jamníček (179 m)
  • Belá (308 m)
  • Dovalovec (534 m)
  • Hybica (571 m / 565 m)
  • Východná (380 m)
  • Jánošiková studnička (381 m)
  • Belianský potok (347 m)
  • Čierny jarok (184 m)
  • Važec (638 m, open 2007?)
  • Štrba (open 2007?)
  • Pod Skalkou (open 2008)
  • Levoča (planned)
  • Spišský Hrhov (planned)
  • Beharovce (225 m, 2 lanes)
  • Studenec (102 m, 2 lanes)
  • Pongrácovce (343 m, 2 lanes)
  • Fričovce (407 m)
  • Malá Svinka (255 m, open 2008)
  • Malý Šariš (494 m, open 2008)

Tunnels[edit]

This is a list of tunnels as seen when moving from Bratislava:

  • Ovčiarsko (2275 m, under construction since 7/2014, open 2018)
  • Žilina (651 m, under construction since 7/2014, open 2018)
  • Višňové (7460 m, signed, open 2019)
  • Malá Fatra (470 m, propossed, open 2019)
  • Rojkov (1550 m, planned, open 2019)
  • Havran (2702 m, planned, open 2019)
  • Čebrať (2080 m, under construction since 7/2014, open 2017)
  • Lučivná (250 m, open nov/dec 2007)
  • Bôrik (999 m, open 2009)
  • Šibenik (600 m, under construction, 2015)
  • Branisko (4975 m, 2 lanes)
  • Prešov (2244 m, planned, open 2019)
  • Dargov (1050 m, planned)

Notes[edit]

Tunnels:

  • Šútovo, Malá Fatra and Rojkov tunnels - possibly replaced by the Korbeľka Tunnel (5700 m, planned)
  • Orechový les - only unofficial name

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

External links/References[edit]