Mount Ślęża

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Ślęża
Sloneczniki-Sleza.jpg
View from north-west
Elevation 718 m (2,356 ft)
Location
Location Poland, Lower Silesian Voivodeship
Range Ślęża Massif
Coordinates 50°51′54.061″N 16°42′31.741″E / 50.86501694°N 16.70881694°E / 50.86501694; 16.70881694
Topo map Slezabasic.png

Ślęża [ˈɕlɛ̃ʐa] (German: Zobten or Zobtenberg, later also Siling) is a mountain in the Sudetes foothills (Polish: Przedgórze Sudeckie) in Lower Silesia, 30 km (19 mi) from Wrocław, southern Poland. This natural reserve built mostly of granite is 718 m high and covered with forests.

The top of the mountain has a PTTK tourist Mountain hut, a TV and radio mast, church Mary, poorly visible ruins of the castle and observation tower. The mountain and its surrounding region form the protected area called Ślęża Landscape Park.

Sacred mountain[edit]

Ślęża
Ancient (probably Celtic) cult sculpture of a bear at the top of Mount Slęża
The church at the top

During the Neolithic Period and at least as far back as the 7th century BC Mount Ślęża (Zobten) was a holy place of the heathen tribes of the Lusatian culture.[citation needed] It was then settled by Celts and later by Germanic Lugians.[citation needed] Scientists believe that the sacred wood of the Alcis from Germanic mythology mentioned by Tacitus in his Germania was located on Mount Slęża. The Silingi, a subpopulation of the East Germanic tribe known as the Vandals are the earliest inhabitants of Silesia known by their name, however the greater part of them moved westwards after the 5th century A.D. and the remainder were slowly replaced in the 6th century by Slavic tribes who assimilated the few remaining East Germanic inhabitants.[1] The Silingi were part of the Przeworsk culture.[citation needed] The name of the territory Silesia either derives from the Ślęza River, or from Mount Ślęża, which themselves derive their name from either, according to Germanist authors the Silingi people.[2] or, according to Slavisist authors, the Ślężanie people.

The Slavic Ślężanie tribe settled in the area around the 6th Century AD. In the 10th Century, Mieszko I of the Piast dynasty incorporated Silesia into the Polish state. The etymology of the mountain is highly disputed between a Slavic, Germanic, or other Indo-European origin. The name has been recorded in several forms. As monte Silencii, in 1108, or as monte Slez in 1245.

Christianity came first via the Byzantine Church Slavonic missionaries saints Cyril and Methodius and by the diocese of Regensburg, then in the 10th century Bohemia received a bishopric, Prague, which was itself subject to the archbishopric of Mainz.

Mount Sleza was an ancient holy place for local tribes dedicated to a sun deity, and remained a holy place during Christian times as well. In the first half of the 12th century, the owner of the place was the Polish dukes' governor, Piotr Włostowic, who founded there an Augustinian convent which was subsequently moved to Wrocław in 1153.

Etymology[edit]

Peak part of the mountain

The Silesians may have been named after the Silingi, though this etymology is disputed, as the Silingi did not inhabit this region, but rather further north-west around the Lusatia region; the word is perhaps derived from a Silesian word meaning "wet swampy place".

Ślęża in art and culture[edit]

Mount Ślęża has been portrayed in the famous but atypical manner of Polish independent film (in Poland called Polskie Kino Niezależne) Edi800 in the movie Ślęża Manekin Project III. More info at: http://www.manekin.org/manekin.html http://www.edi800.org/

Transmitter[edit]

On Ślęża there is a facility for FM- and TV-transmission, which uses a 136 metre tall free-standing (with additional guying) lattice tower. The current tower which was built in 1972 replaced a 98 metre tall tower built in 1957, which was partially guyed.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ T. Hunt Tooley "National Identity and Weimar Germany: Upper Silesia and the Eastern Border", 1997 University of Nebraska Press, ISBN 0-8032-4429-0 p.6 (Google Books)
  2. ^ Adrian Room "Placenames of the World", McFarland 2004m ISBN 0-7864-1814-1 p.333 (Google books)

External links[edit]